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Agenda • Warm up: 2nd 6 wks: Week 2: Day 1 • Turn in homework: Asia physical map worksheet • Things that should have been turned in: Europe maps, Russian physical feature sheet, Middle East packet • Notes on South Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia, & Antarctica
Where is SOUTH ASIA?? http://www.askasia.org/image/maps/asias1.htm
Physical Geography • Plate Tectonics • Clashing or colliding plates of Eurasian and Indian plates • This collision created the Himalayan Mts.
Continental Collision: Convergent Continental Collision: Subduction
Mountains of South Asia • The Himalayas • Northern Barrier of South Asia • World’s Tallest Peaks • Mt. Everest (29, 035 feet) http://www.peakware.com/encyclopedia/peaks/everest.htm
The Himalayas • “him” [snow] • “aalaya” [home]
The Hindu Kush Khyber Pass The Himalayas
Physical Geography of South Asia • Rivers • Indus River • Ganges River • Brahmaputra River • Gulfs - • Arabian Gulf • Bay of Bengal
Rivers of South Asia: • Ganges River • -large delta, pollution, trade, irrigation, transportation, religion http://www.asd.k12.ak.us/schools/romig/asia/Geo/ganges/geography.html
The Ganges River System 1,560 miles long
The Indus River System 1,975 miles long Surrounded by deserts on both sides
Pakistan Lower Indus Valley
Bodies of Water Indus R. Brahmaputra R. Ganges R. Bay ofBengal Arabian Sea Indian Ocean
Monsoons • Both South and Southeast Asia have warm winters and hot summers. • Monsoons are violent winds blow over the region and bring heavy rains in the summer. • Monsoon rains provide water for crops and support life, but also cause flooding, landslides, property damage, and even death.
South East Asia • Also divided by mountains creating distinctive cultures and languages in Vietnam, Laos, & Cambodia. • Mekong, Salween, & Irrawady Rivers in Southeast Asia. • Monsoons
Landforms: • Volcanic Archipelagos - Volcanic Islands • Himalayan foothills extend into Myanmar & Thailand
Australia • Only nation to occupy an entire continent • Flattest and (after Antarctica) driest of continents • North: rainforests and vast plains • South East: snowfields • Centre: desert • East, South, and South West: fertile croplands
Great Barrier Reef • The Great Barrier Reef is located on the North-East Coast. • It is approx. 25 million years old! • It is the world’s largest coral reef, stretching 2000 km. • There are over 1800 species of life on these coral reefs including fish, plant life, turtles and many other marine life-forms.
Uluru • Uluru or Ayer’s Rock as it is also known, is the largest monolith in the world. • It is located in the Northern Territory. • Lots of people climb it but the native Australians; the Aborigine people prefer that it is not climbed as it is sacred to them. It is also dangerous and some people have fallen off.
Antarctica is the world's southernmost continent and covers the South Pole. It is surrounded by the Southern, Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. • Since 2000, most geographers call this the Southern Ocean (Pacific, Atlantic, & Indian Oceans touching Antarctica).
Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. • About 98% of this continent is covered by ice, averaging one mile in thickness. • Only plants and animals that can adapt to the extreme cold can survive here.