South Korea By: Lauren Di Williams
General Info About South Korea, Location, Geography, Religion, Government, and Economy
About South Korea • Official name: Republic of Korea • Capital: Seoul • Population: 49,779,000 (2011) • Languages: Korean, English is widely taught in school • Ethnic groups: Mostly Korean, small minority of Chinese • Important cities: Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwanju, Daejoon, Ulsan
Location • South Korea is located in East Asia and is on the lower half of the Korean Peninsula. North Korea is the only country that South Korea borders. The Yellow Sea is to the west, the Korean Strait to the south, the East China Sea is to the far south, and to the Sea of Japan is to the east.
Geography Mountains South Korea’s main mountain range is the Taebaek Mountains. These mountains run across the eastern side of the Korean Peninsula. The mountains begin in North Korea and end at the bottom of South Korea, where the city of Busan is located. The Taebaek Mountains are over 500 kilometers and the average height is 100 meters.
(Continued…) Rivers Naktong River Han River • The Naktong River is South Korea’s longest river. It begins in the Taebaek Mountains and ends in the Korean Strait. The river flows through the cities of Busan and Daegu. • The Han River is South Korea’s 4th longest river, but it is one of the most important. The river runs through Seoul, and after joining with the Imjin River, it empties out into the Yellow Sea. The Han River had a big impact on South Korean history, because it was used as a trade route to China. It still remains important today, and it is known for its beautiful view.
Religion Religion: Protestant 18.3%, Roman Catholic 10.9%, Buddhist 22.8%, other 1.7%, none 48.5% Buddhism is the traditional faith in South Korea, and entered Korea from China in the 4th to 7th century. Roman Catholic was brought to Korea by missionaries in 1794.
Government • South Korea’s government is a Republic split into three branches: Executive- President and Prime Minister Legislative-National Assembly Judicial- Supreme Court and Constitutional Court President: Lee MyunBakPrime Minister: Kim Hwang Sik
Economy • Type of Economy: Market Economy • South Korea’s economy ranks 15th in the world • Imports: machinery, electronics and electronic equipment, oil, steel, transport equipment, organic chemicals, plastics . • Exports: semiconductors, wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles, computers, steel ships, petrochemicals • Important trade partners: China, Japan, and the Untied States • Currency: Won
From June 25th, 1950 to July 27th, 1953, North Korea’s army of over 75,000 men invaded the boundary between North Korea and South Korea. As the war became increasingly bloody, the United States sent troops and Britain sent navy ships over to help defend South Korea. North Koreans were about to destroy the port of Busan, but after aid by South Korea’s allies, they were unsuccessful. History: The Korean War
Culture Food Holidays Music Sports
Food! Full course Korean meal with side dishes Cooked pork belly meat with onions, served as dinner
More Food! Shaved ice Cream/yogurt Fruit syrup Strawberries, kiwi,bananas, etc. Rice cake Cereal flakes
Sports Traditional Sports that came from South Korea: • Taekwondo • Taekkyeon Popular Sports: • Football (Soccer) • Baseball • Basketball In the Olympics: • Archery • Short track speed skating • Shooting
Traditional Music Folk Music Instruments Types of folk music include: • Pansori • Pungmul • Nongak Traditional instruments include: • Gayageum • Saenghwan • Janggu
Pansori • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZU0mewGnTQQ&feature=related
LunarNew Year’s Day (Seolnal)- first day of the lunar calendar ( usually late January to February) Harvest Moon Festival (Chuseok)- 14th through the 16th of the Eighth Month of the Lunar Calendar (September) Children’s Day (Eorin-inal)- May 5th Christmas Day(Gidoktansinil)- December 25th Holidays Lunar New Year’s Day: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DScp0Vm4gcM&feature=related
Common Phrases in Korean • Hello: Annyeonghaseyo • Thank You: Kamsahamnida • I’m sorry: Mianhe • My name is Lauren: Je ireum-eun Lauren imnida • How are you?: Eotteohkejinaeseyo? • Happy Birthday!: Saengilchukhahamnida!
Places To Visit JejuIsland,Myeongdong, Seoul N Tower, Gyeongbokgung Palace, and Seoraksan National Park
Jeju Island • Jeju Island is a volcanic island below South Korea, and is known as the “ Hawaii of South Korea” because of its warm and pleasant weather. There are many landforms in Jeju Island, such as waterfalls, caves, and mountains. Dolhareubang, ancient statues found on Jeju Island.
Myeongdong • Whenever tourists go to Seoul, almost all of them make sure to shop in Myeongdong. • Myeondong is the main shopping district in Seoul, and it sells tons of brand name clothes in its many stores. • Not only are there clothes, but department stores, Japanese and Western restaurants, hair salons, banks, and movie theaters.
Seoul N Tower Aside from being a cool place to visit, the Seoul N Tower, or Namsan Tower, is actually used for communication and observation. You are allowed to take the Namsan cable car up to the top to explore the tower. If you are afraid of heights, then there are also gift shops and restaurants located at the bottom of the tower.
Seoraksan National Park • Seoraksan National Park is the most popular national park in South Korea. There are numerous mountain peaks in this park, such as Daecheongbong, which is the tallest peak, measuring 5,604feet tall. The park is known for its vast amount of rare species of plants and trees, like the Thuja trees. Every year, the trees show off their gorgeous fall rainbow, making the fall season most popular with tourists.
- Gyeongbokgung Palace • The Gyeongbokgung Palace is a palace that was constructed in 1395. After being burned by the Japanese, abandoned, and then rebuilt almost 500 years later, it is a historical landmark in South Korea. After being restored, there are now 330 rooms and courts. • There are also main gates, pavilions, bridges, an d the king’s quarters.
Fun Facts Fruit is really expensive! Watermelon costs usually around $25! The number 4 is very unlucky! Some buildings don’t even have a 4th floor, but they will have a 5th, 6th,7thetc. You can get pretty much anything on Korean pizza! Sweet potatoes, corn, shrimp, and even mystery meat. Most homes in South Korea have heated floors! The floors are known as an ondol. Normal high school days last for about 12 hours! Sometimes longer, especially with study hall.