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Sojourner Truth (Isabelle Baumfree ) . By: Reid Petty and Isabelle Cecere. Biography . Born Isabella Baumfree in Ulster County, New York (1797) Harshly abused under several masters Isabella married an older slave named Thomas and bore 5 children

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sojourner truth isabelle baumfree

Sojourner Truth (Isabelle Baumfree)

By: Reid Petty and Isabelle Cecere

biography
Biography
  • Born Isabella Baumfree in Ulster County, New York (1797)
  • Harshly abused under several masters
  • Isabella married an older slave named Thomas and bore 5 children
  • Escaped slavery with her youngest daughter Sophia (freed by New York emancipation order)
  • Wins law suit to recover son Peter who was illegally sold into slavery in Alabama
  • At age 46, adopts the name Sojourner Truth
biography continued
Biography (Continued)
  • Joins the utopian Northampton Association in Mass., where she meets anti-slavery reformers
  • Narrative of Sojourner Truth published in 1850
  • Attends women's rights convention in Akron, Ohio, where she delivers the famous "Ain't I a Woman" speech
  • Travels all of 1870 speaking against alcohol, slavery, and preaching women’s rights
  • First woman to vote in a Michigan state election
  • Dies at Battle Creek, Michigan on November 26th, 1883
feminist movement
Feminist Movement
  • First wave of Feminism
    • 18th through early 20th centuries
  • Created to work towards social, political, monetary, and artistic equality between men and women
  • Feminism works to bring down society’s patriarchy (men over women) and reach complete equality
feminist movement continued
Feminist Movement (Continued)
  • Multiple variations of feminism:
    • Liberal
      • political and legal reform without altering the structure of society
    • Radical
      • total uprooting and reconstruction of society
    • Social
      • connects oppression of women to exploitation, oppression, and labor
    • Marxist
      • overcoming class oppression overcomes gender oppression
important events in feminist movement
Important Events in Feminist Movement
  • First wave of feminism concerned with right to vote
  • Representation of the People Act of 1918
    • Granted women over the age of 30 who owned houses the right to vote
    • In 1928 this was extended to all women over 21
  • Nineteenth Amendment granted all women the right to vote
  • Sojourner Truth greatly affected the change in rights for women
abolitionist movement in america
Abolitionist Movement In America
  • Movement to end slavery
    • First movement in America by German Quakers
    • The Society of Relief of Free Negros Unlawfully Held in Bondage
      • Abolitionists succeed in getting slavery completely banded in all states North of Ohio River
      • Importation of slaves into the United States was officially banned on January 1, 1808
abolitionist movement in america continued
Abolitionist Movement In America (Continued)
  • Vermont became the first jurisdiction in North America to prohibit slavery
  • Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled in 1783, that a black man was free under the state’s constitution
  • 1835 alone abolitionists mailed over a million pieces of anti-slavery literature to the South
  • Many Abolitionists supported the underground railroad
  • Growing conflict leads to civil war
contributions of sojourner truth
Contributions of Sojourner Truth
  • Traveled and spoke out for the rights of slaves and women
    • “Ain’t I a Woman” Speech (for women’s rights)
    • Helped to reveal how cruel slavery could be (Friends of Human Progress Association meeting)
    • Employed by the National Freedman's Relief Association to improve conditions for African-Americans
contributions of sojourner truth1
Contributions of Sojourner Truth
  • Active helping blacks escape to freedom on the Underground Railroad in Michigan
  • Helped recruit black troops for the Union Army
  • Met Abraham Lincoln to challenge the discrimination that segregated street cars by race
  • After Civil War – Freedman’s Bureau (helps blacks adjust to and protect their new freedoms)
effects of contributions
Effects of Contributions
  • African American conditions were improved
  • Awareness of the cruelty of slavery was raised
  • Blacks that were not emancipated were able to escape to freedom
  • Blacks given right and convinced to join Union army
  • Blacks rights were maintained after emancipation
  • Women rose to equality with men
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Truth, Sojourner. "Ain't I a Woman." Women's Rights Convention. Akron, Ohio, 1851. Speech.
  • Gilbert, Olive. The Narrative of Sojourner Truth. Boston: 1850. Print.
  • "Sojourners Years in Battle Creek." Sojourner Truth.org Home Page. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.sojournertruth.org/History/Biography/BC.htm>.
  • "Black History Month: The Crusade of Sojourner Truth [Mackinac Center]." Mackinac Center: Advancing Liberty and Prosperity. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.mackinac.org/1649>.
  • "Sojourner Truth Speeches Menu." Sojourner Truth.org Home Page. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.sojournertruth.org/Library/Speeches/Default.htm>.
  • "Sojourner Truth Biography." Lakewood Public Library (Lakewood, Ohio). Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/trut-soj.htm>.
  • "This Far by Faith . Sojourner Truth | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. <http://www.pbs.org/thisfarbyfaith/people/sojourner_truth.html>.