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Unit 4: Fire Safety & Suppression
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Unit 4: Fire Safety & Suppression

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  1. Unit 4: Fire Safety & Suppression

  2. Unit 4: Fire Safety & Suppression • Fire Chemistry • Fire Extinguishers • Firefighting Techniques • Hazardous Materials • Size-Up

  3. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry Oakland Hills 1991 1 home every 11 sec

  4. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry Oakland Hills 1991 2,500 Homes burned 1,000 acres charred

  5. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry San Bruno 2010

  6. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry San Bruno 2010

  7. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry The role of CERTs • Put out small fires if safe to do so. • Make sure fires stay extinguished to prevent additional fires. • Shut-off utilities, when necessary and safe to do so. • Assist with evacuations where necessary, or secure area.

  8. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Safety Video

  9. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry Fire Chemistry • Heat: required to elevate the temperature of material to its ignition point. • Fuel: solid, liquid, or gas. • Oxygen: feeds the fire.

  10. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Chemistry Classes of Fire • A: Ordinary combustibles • B: Flammable and combustible liquids • C: Energized electrical equipment • D: Combustible metals

  11. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Extinguishers Components • Gauge • Nozzle • Pin • Hose • Label • State Fire Marshal tag Know how to use it!

  12. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Extinguishers Creative Firefighting Resources • Swimming pool or spa water • Sand or dirt • Garden hose • Others?

  13. Fire Safety and Suppression Fire Extinguishers How to Use a Fire Extinguisher

  14. Fire Safety and Suppression Firefighting Techniques Fire Suppression Safety • Use safety equipment at all times. • Work with a buddy. • Have a backup team. • Always have 2 ways to exit the fire area. • Confine the fire. • Stay low to the ground. • Maintain safe distance. • Make sure fire stays out!

  15. Fire Safety and Suppression = Hazardous Materials Identifying Hazardous Materials

  16. Fire Safety and Suppression Size-Up Gathering of Information for Decision Making • Can my buddy and I fight the fire safely? • Do we have the right equipment • Are there other hazards? • Is the building going to collapse? • Can we escape if we need to?

  17. Fire Safety and Suppression Size-Up Scene size-up Gather facts. Assess the scene. Identify your resources. Establish your fire suppression priorities. Develop a plan. Conduct fire suppression. Evaluate your progress.

  18. Fire Safety and Suppression Review Fire Safety and Suppression Review • Your safety comes first! • Only attempt to extinguish fires within the CERT scope of practice. • Use the buddy system. • Safety rules/protective equipment. • Resources. • Effective fire suppression techniques.