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RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION REVIEW

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RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION REVIEW

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  1. RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION REVIEW UNIT 5

  2. RENAISSANCE • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICS AND RELIGION BECAME STRAINED, AND THE POLITICAL INFLUENCE OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH WEAKENED DURING THE RENAISSANCE PERIOD BETWEEN RELIGION AND THE SECULAR WORLD. • A GREATER SEPARATION DEVELOPED BETWEEN RELIGIOUS AND SECULAR INSTITUTIONS, DUE TO RENEWED INTEREST IN THE CLASSICAL GREEK AND ROMAN MANUSCRIPTS. • THE MEDICI FAMILY WAS FAMOUS FOR BEING RULERS OF FLORENCE AND THE ARTS. • TO BE A PATRON DURING THE RENAISSANCE ONE MUST WEALTHY. • HUMANIST FOCUSED ON THE HUMAN POTENTIAL AND ACHIEVEMENT DURING THE RENAISSANCE PERIOD.

  3. RENAISSANCE • EXPLORATION AND NEW DISCOVERIES WAS A DIRECT RESULT OF THE RENAISSANCE. • RENAISSANCE PERIOD WAS KNOWN AS THE NEW BIRTH OR RE-BIRTH PERIOD IN FLORENCE, ITALY. • THE NEW LITERARY THEMES DURING THE RENAISSANCE SHOWED THE IMPORTANCE OF HUMANIST IDEALS AND INDIVIDUALS. • MACHIAVELLI WAS THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE WRITER THAT WROTE THE BOOK “THE PRINCE” • THE REASON WHY ITALY WAS THE BIRTHPLACE OF THE EUROPEAN RENAISSANCE WAS IT’S GEOGRAPHICAL STATUS AS THE CENTER OF ROME.

  4. RENAISSANCE • QUESTIONING OF TRADITIONAL AUTHORITY DURING THE RENAISSANCE CONTRIBUTED MOSTLY IN THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION. • THE SIMILARITY OF THE RENAISSANCE AND PROTESTANT REFORMATION WAS THAT BOTH ENCOURAGED PEOPLE TO QUESTION TRADITION. • THE REBIRTH OF THE RENAISSANCE WAS ARTS AND LEARNING. • MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI EXCELLED AS SCULPTOR, PAINTER, ARCHITECT, AND POET DURING THE RENAISSANCE. • THE RESTORATION OF THE VATICAN AND ST. PETER’S BASILLICA WAS COMMISSIONED BY POPE LEO X. • THE MEDICI FAMILY RULED FLORENCE FOR MOST OF THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY.

  5. REFORMATION • INCREASED POWER OF MONARCHS HAD A DIRECT EFFECT ON THE REFORMATION PERIOD. • SCIENTIFIC OPINIONS OF THE CHURCH LOST AUTHORITY AMONG THINKERS, BECAUSE THE CATHOLIC CHURCH REJECTED SCIENTIFIC THEORIES OF THE UNIVERSE THAT WERE NOT BASE THROUGH RELIGION. • THE BIBLE TRANSLATED INTO VERNACULAR, BANNED HERETICAL BOOKS BY THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, AND COUNTER-REFORMATION WERE ALL PART OF THE RELIGIOUS EFFECTS OF THE REFORMATION.

  6. REFORMATION • THE BIBLE WAS TRANSLATED INTO THE VERNACULAR SO THAT MANY COULD READ IT, THE CATHOLIC CHURCH BANNED HERETICAL BOOKS, THE COUNTER-REFORMATION WAS BEGUN BY THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. ALL OF THESE WERE THE EFFECTS OF THE REFORMATION PERIOD. • THE NINETY-FIVE THESES WERE CALLED FOR REFORMS WITHIN THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. • THE GUTENBERG’S PRINTING PRESS INVENTION CONTRIBUTED TO THE REFORMATION PERIOD BY PRINTING THE FIRST BIBLE IN VERNACULAR LANGUAGES LEADING TO CRITICISM OF THE CHURCH.

  7. REFORMATION • THE MAJOR EFFECT OF THE REFORMATION IN WESTERN EUROPE WAS THE DECLINE IN RELIGIOUS UNITY AND IN THE POWER OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. • THE POWER OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH WAS WEAKENED DUE TO THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION. • THE EMERGENCE OF THE NEW CHRISTIAN DENOMINATIONS WAS THE MAJOR RESULT OF THE REFORMATION PERIOD. • THE RESENTMENT OF THE POWER OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH BY THE KINGS AND QUEENS OF NORTHERN EUROPE HELPED MOST TO BRING ABOUT THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION.

  8. REFORMATION • THE MAJOR REASON FOR THE REFORMATION WAS THE EUROPEANS RESENTED PAYING TAXES TO THE CHURCH OF ROME. • THE BIBLE WAS THE FIRST FULL-SIZED BOOK GUTENBURG PRINTED. • THE CHURCH WAS QUESTIONED BY THE PEOPLE OF EUROPE FOR THE OCCURANCE OF THE BLACK DEATH.