HIS 105 Chapter 1. The Birth of Civilization. Earth : approximately 6 billion years old Human-Like Creatures: appeared 3-5 million years ago in Africa Erect, Tool-Using Early Humans: spread over Africa, Europe, & Asia 1-2 million years ago Homo Sapiens: emerged some 200,000 years ago
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The Birth of Civilization
Humans settled in small communities now that they could produce their own food.
The beginning of agriculture began the Neolithic Age
Lasted until about 2000 B.C.E.
There were times of instability between each period
Having 2 cities that are so alike indicates a strong central government with good economic and communication systems
Dasas were excluded
This was a precursor to the rigid Indian caste system
Zhou Dynasty lasted until the late 3rd century B.C.E.
The rough nomads had become civilized
By 8th century B.C.E., Zhou Dynasty was in decline. Control diminished. Rebellions occurred
Out of this chaos came some of China’s greatest thinkers