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Key Elements to Deploying OCS. Where to Start. OCS can seem to require an awful lot of servers _ Edge, Director, Front End, SQL, Monitoring, SQL, Archiving, SQL, Mediation, Group Chat, SQL, …

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where to start
Where to Start
  • OCS can seem to require an awful lot of servers _ Edge, Director, Front End, SQL, Monitoring, SQL, Archiving, SQL, Mediation, Group Chat, SQL, …
  • Project I was working on the objectives where to reduce mobile phone spend by offering enterprise voice and reduce conferencing by offering live meeting to external users.
    • 80K users, 10K ent voice, UK & USA phone numbers
  • Phased Implementation
    • Lab
    • Pilot (7k)
    • Production 80K, 10K ent voice
planning
Planning
  • High level planning tool is the OCS Planning Tool
  • Capacity largely determined by number of concurrent users
    • Logon rate and number of endpoints
    • Contention rate to PSTN
  • Considerations disaster recovery and resilience
  • Network Impact _ in particular voice and video
key requirements
Key Requirements
  • Active Directory
    • Windows Server 2003 Domain functional level. DCs W2k3 SP1+
    • If LCS or OCS R1. Global Settings may be in system container. If multiple domains suggest moving to config container before schema prep
  • Significant Certificate and DNS requirements which will be covered later
  • Hardware\OS 64 bit only
dns and certificates
DNS and Certificates
  • The supported SIP URIs drive the DNS and certificate requirements
    • For each domain supported DNS records and certificates are required
  • Typically the SIP URI is the same as a user’s e-mail address Eg sip:alistair.keay@uk.didata.com
  • There are two clients Communicator and Live Meeting. Two Sets of DNS records for internal and external connection.
    • “meet:sip:alistair.keay@uk.data.com;gruu;opaque=app:conf:focus:id385aa8ec0fcb4879dcb40c%3Fconf-key=JvrI7t324Vx”
  • Federation requires _sipfederationtls._tcp.uk.didata.com
  • Phone edition requires _ntp._udp.uk.didata.com
access edge certificates
Access Edge Certificates
  • For PIC a single FQDN of the access edge is given and this is the primary name in cert. eg acp.didata.com
  • Also for @didata.com
    • _sipfederationtls._tcp.didata.com
    • _sip._tls.didata.com
  • Now for @uk.didata.com the server offering the service for _sip._tls.uk. didata.com can NOT be acp. didata.com but must be same domain as srv record. Eg sip.uk.didata.com. This name needs to be added as a SAN to the certificate
example of edge server
Example of Edge Server
  • Cert Assigned to access Edge
    • Acp. didata.com
      • San sip.uk.didata.com, sip.fr.didata.com etc
  • Cert Assigned to web edge
    • Web.didata.com
  • Cert Assigned to av ege
    • Av.didata.com
  • Cert Assigned to intranet edge
    • Edge. didata.com (Can be internal cert. NB HLB etc)
example of director
Example of Director
  • When deployed
  • Similar to the access edge role a cert is required with typically multiple SANs
  • Primary cert name is that of pool
  • Then for each domain _sipinternaltls._tcp. didata.com will point to sip. didata.com
  • _sipinternaltls._tcp.uk. didata.com will point to sip.uk. didata.com
deploying edge servers
Deploying Edge Servers
  • Decide on redundancy requirements, dr.
  • Capacity will drive minimum number
  • Co-locate all roles unless a good reason not to do so
  • For single edge box it is acceptable to have a NATed AV edge server (public ip)
  • For load balanced edge boxes the AV edge public IP must not be NATed
  • The intranet IP must never be NATed but must be routable
install steps
Install Steps
  • Install files, activate, choose roles, account, configure IP and names,
directors are they required
Directors _ Are they required
  • No…
  • But they are recommended
role of director
Role Of Director
  • Internally
    • When multiple pools deployed
    • Deterministic Client Connection. Re-directs clients
    • Only point where multiple SANs required
  • From Outside
    • Next hop from access edge
    • Authenticates users before proxying on data