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The Land of Cotton. Chapter 7 Section 3. Southern Economy- King Cotton. South’s economy was mainly agriculture Cotton becomes the main crop with the invention of the cotton gin 1792- year before gin- 6000 bales 1801- 100,000 bales The invention of the gin caused:

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the land of cotton

The Land of Cotton

Chapter 7 Section 3

southern economy king cotton
Southern Economy- King Cotton
  • South’s economy was mainly agriculture
  • Cotton becomes the main crop with the invention of the cotton gin
  • 1792- year before gin- 6000 bales
  • 1801- 100,000 bales
  • The invention of the gin caused:
  • Demand for cotton to increase
  • Cotton prices to rise
  • Demand for slaves to rise
slow industrial growth
Slow Industrial Growth
  • South was mostly rural farms or plantations
  • Only large cities: New Orleans, Charleston & Baltimore
  • South had some industry
  • Purchased most manufactured goods
alabama s statehood
Alabama’s Statehood
  • Many early settles in MS on the MS river
  • After Horseshoe Bend, many began to move to eastern MS territory (now AL)
  • Territory was split, MS became a state in 1817
  • Soon, the new AL territory was big enough to apply for statehood
alabama s statehood1
Alabama’s Statehood
  • Became 22 state in 1819
  • Opening of cotton land in south-central and southern AL (black belt) started a land boom
  • Many wanted cheap cotton land
southern society planters
Southern Society- Planters
  • Highest social class
  • 20% of Southerners owned slaves
  • About 2% owned more than 50 (planter class)
  • ½ of 1% owned large plantations- dominated politics
yeoman farmers
Yeoman Farmers
  • Most southern families were yeoman farmers
  • Most didn’t have slaves
  • Rural Farmers
  • Lowest class
  • Subsistence farmers/hunters
slavery task system
Slavery- Task System
  • Small farms
  • Slaves were given a task to do everyday
  • When they finished, they were done for the day
gang system
Gang System
  • Large plantations
  • Slaves worked in work gangs
  • Worked sunup to sundown
  • Made to work by driver or overseer
slave codes
Slave codes
  • Slaves couldn’t own property, guns, etc
  • Slaves were property, not people
free african americans
Free African Americans
  • Most Southern free Afr. Am lived in towns & cities in the upper South (MD,VA)
  • Rights differed from state to state
  • Northern free Afr. Am could organize churches, have jobs, own property, etc
african american culture
African American Culture
  • Songs were important, helped pass long work days
  • Early 1800’s- most Afr. Am are Christians- important for hope- salvation & freedom
slave rebellions
Slave Rebellions
  • Denmark Vesey- 1822- free Afr. Am in Charleston
  • Accused of plotting a slave rebellion
  • Arrested & executed
  • Nat Turner- 1831
  • Had visions as a child
  • Became a preacher (he was a slave)
  • Believed he was special, God gave him a mission
  • Turner & other slaves killed Turners master & family
  • Went house to house killing whites
  • Gained other slaves as they went
slave rebellions1
Slave Rebellions
  • Ultimately killed 55 whites
  • Virginia militia captured the slaves (hung 15 on the spot)
  • Turner captured later
  • He confessed, was glad he did it & was executed
  • Turner’s Rebellion scared many whites
  • VA almost outlawed slavery, but didn’t
  • Caused states to pass harsh restrictions on Afr. Am