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THE VICTORIAN AGE: A GOLDEN AGE OR AN AGE OF MISERY?. THE VICTORIAN TOWNS. POSITIVE ASPECTS OF THE VICTORIAN AGE:. Industrial revolution : the industrial revolution started with the introduction of capitalism. Technological advances: introduction of steam hammers, locomotives…

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positive aspects of the victorian age
POSITIVE ASPECTS OF THE VICTORIAN AGE:
  • Industrial revolution: the industrial revolution started with the introduction of capitalism.
  • Technological advances: introduction of steam hammers, locomotives…
  • Economical progress: Britain was the first economical power in the world till 1901, as the Usa became the leader, but it remained the first in manifacturing.
crystal palace
Crystal Palace
  • Crystal Palace was a construction of iron and glass. It contained a great exhibition of technological advances (steam hammers, locomotive….). This exhibition had a political purpose: it was useful to show the supremacy of Britain in the world - economy.
1820 writers spoke about the machine age with a positive tone
1820 Writers spoke about the “machine age” with a positive tone
  • BUT ON THE OTHER HANDit implied a high social and environmental cost.
the heroes of the age
The heroes of the age
  • Scientists, in particular engineers, were described like heroes by many writers like Samuel Sniles.
  • From this point of view, technological progress and mechanical inventions were the result of inspired, intuitive leaps made by heroic figures.
the cartoons
The cartoons

The first cartoon appeared in 1850.

Cartoons were used to emphasise the importance of industry during the Victorian Age.

negative aspects of the victorian age
Negative aspects of the Victorian Age:
  • Pollution in the towns due to factory activity: in fact life in the countryside was much healthier.
  • Hygienic conditions (cities were too densely populated, most people lived in miserable conditions; most houses shared water supplies)
  • Epidemics (cholera,thyphoid), with a consistant increase of death in the cities.
slide10
In 1851 half of Britain’s population lived in towns, which offered a better chance of work and higher wages than the countryside…
but life expectation in the towns was of only 26 years
But life expectation in the towns was of only 26 years:
  • Large towns were unhealthy. New epidemics were stalking the cities.
  • Such a high mortality, hadn’t been seen sincethe Black Death
the great stink
The “Great Stink”
  • This expression is used to describe the terrible smell in London, coming from the Thames.
  • The “Miasmas”, exhalations from decaying matter, poisoned the air.
the houses
Poor families, with 4-5 children, lived in houses with 2-3 rooms and without a lavatory.

The houses of the rich had water in the kitchen, gas lighting, flushing toilets and were decorated.

The houses
the clubs
The clubs
  • The clubs had their origin in the coffee houses, but they contributed to increase the difference between social classes. In fact only people belonging to high classes could be members of a club.
municipal corporations
Municipal corporations:
  • In the early 19th century many towns were governed by municipal corporations, usually of self-electing members. Parliament reformed municipal administration in 1835, but even if corporations were elected, voters were self-interested owners of small property. Many towns voted for cheap governments, with a policy of low spending on drains or water supplies.
answer to the webquest

Answer to the webquest:

The Victorian Age wasanageof misery, because the process of industrialization had a high social cost

riccardo gustini sara bradach
Riccardo Gustini - Sara Bradach

Aknowledgements:

the images in this presentation have been found in:

www.bbc.co.uk/history/lj/victorian_britainlj/

www.cadburylearningzone.co.uk

http://learningcurve.pro.gov.uk

www.victorianweb.org