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Hybrid Electric Vehicles meet the Electricity Grid: Plug-in Hybrids (PHEVs) & Vehicle to Grid (V2G). Dr Geoff Walker Sustainable Energy Research Lab School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering University of Queensland. Talk Outline. A Crisis in Passenger Vehicle Transport
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Dr Geoff Walker
Sustainable Energy Research Lab
School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering
University of Queensland
The End of Cheap Oilby Colin J. Campbell and Jean H. LaherrèreScientific AmericanMarch 1998Global production of conventional oil will begin to decline sooner than most people think, probably within 10 years
(if we project this trend despite the warning not to!)
THE END OF SUBURBIA:
Oil Depletion and the
Collapse of The American Dream
Also worth a good read:
Percentage of Australia's oil and petroleum products consumption sourced from imports (Australian Energy News, 2002).
Percentage Contribution of Motor Vehicles
to Air Emissions in MajorAustralian Cities
(Motor Vehicle Environment Committee, 1998)
22% * 89% = 20%
NHW20R Liftback 5dr CVT 1sp 1.5i
ZZE122R 5Y Ascent Hatchback 5dr Auto 4sp 1.8i
Large battery pack:
Pure electric drivetrain
Excellent energy efficiency
Independence from oil
Minimised battery pack
ICE based drivetrain
Incremental efficiency gain
100% dependant on oilHybrids vs. EVs
Can’t we have the best of both worlds?
ACP_V2G_EVS18.pdf from http://www.acpropulsion.com
GUIDE TO ANCILLARY SERVICES IN THE NEM pdf
Sources: Automotive Engineering International, Feb 2006, p20,
Personal communication with Mike Breen, PR, Toyota Aust.
Toyota Sees All-Hybrid Future
13 September 2005
Bloomberg. At the Frankfurt IAA, Toyota Executive Vice President Kazuo Okamoto said all of the company’s vehicles will eventually be based on hybrid powertrains.
Toyota also indicated that it aims to increase hybrid production by 60% in 2006 and will cut costs and prices to make them more affordable.
In the future, the cars you see from Toyota will be 100 percent hybrid. We believe that in 10 years the world will be filled with hybrids.
Okamoto declined to provide a timeline. Toyota has stated that it plans to sell 1 million hybrids a year by 2010.
Earlier, President Katsuaki Watanabe said he aims to halve the premium in price of hybrids over conventional vehicles as soon as possible.
292, 1094, 1423+500 orders
around 8.3 million in 1993.
(GRW – 24% in 10 years)
was 469 cars per 1,000 people in 1993.
(GRW – 11% faster than pop in 10 years)
Source: VFACTS Industry Summary - December 2005, autoweb.com.au http://autoweb.drive.com.au/cms/A_105816/newsarticle.html 05/01/06
Source: ESAA 2001
One possible scenario:
= much more fuel
Measures of Australia's Progress – The measures – Transport, at www.abs.gov.au
 Australian Bureau of Statistics 2003, Motor Vehicle Census, cat. no. 9309.0, ABS, Canberra
 Australian Bureau of Statistics 1991-2000, Survey of Motor Vehicle Use, cat. no. 9208.0, ABS, Canberra