HOHENSCHWANGAU(Castle of the High Swan County) BY: JULIE M. FELCI
History of Hohenschwangau • The castle is located in the German village of Schwangau in southwestern Bavaria.
King Maximilian II • November 28, 1811 - March 10, 1864. • King of Bavaria from 1848 – 1864. • He was son of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen Maximilian II Therese Ludwig I
King Maximilian II • Born on November 28, 1811 and died on March 10, 1864 at the age of 52. • His reign as King lasted 16 years and he was the King of Bavaria from 1848 until 1864. “Maximilian was a man of amiable qualities and of intellectual attainments far above the average, but as a king he was hampered by constant ill health, which compelled him to be often abroad, and when at home to live much in the country.”
The castle was constructed on the ruins of the fortress Schwanstein. • A family of knights was responsible for the construction of the medieval fortress during the 12th century. • Hohenschwangau was destroyed by Napoleon. • In 1829, Prince Maximilian discovered the site and he loved the area, he acquired the property in 1832. • The castle was built in 1837 under the architect, Domenico Quaglio. • Hohenschwangau was the official residence of Maximilian II, his wife Marie of Prussia and their two sons Ludwig (who later becomes King Ludwig II of Bavaria) and Otto (the later King Otto I of Bavaria). • King Maximilian died in 1864 and his first son Ludwig became king.
The Chapel Before it was a chapel, it used to be a place to hold armory and it was also a drinking hall but was later rebuilt to a neogothic style chapel under the orders of King Maximilian II. The Chapel is still used today for Holy Mass.
The Hall of the Swan-Knight The Hall of the Swan-Knight was the dining room which is very famous for it’s wall paintings. The chairs in the dining room are covered by pressed leather partly gilded.
The Berchta Room According to Bavarian saga, Charlemagne was born at the Reissmuhle of Gauting near Starnberg Lake. The wall paintings are dedicated to Charlemagne and his mother Berchta.
The Living Room The Living Room belonged to the Queen. This room is decorated with many beautiful fresco paintings and swans. In the middle of the room hangs a big silver chandelier. This room was restored in 1849.
The Hall of Heroes The Hall of Heroes was the festive hall. This hall has a large table with many chairs, gigantic chandeliers and many paintings depicting the legends of Dietrich of Berne.
The Hohenstaufen Room The Hohenstaufen Room was the King’s dressing room and music room. The King’s son, Ludwig II would have Richard Wagner play his original works of music just for his enjoyment.
This is a painting of Richard Wagner and Ludwig II at the piano in the Hohenstaufen Room.
The Tasso Room The Tasso Room was the royal bedroom. The paintings illustrate the tale of Rinaldo and Armida by the Italian poet Torquato Tasso hence the Tasso Room.
The Authari Room The Authari Room is named after the Bavarian saga of Authari who was the King of the Langobards. This is the room where Richard Wagner would stay during his visits to the castle.
Information • Tickets are sold near the parking lot for both Hohenschwangau and Neuschwanstein. The tours last about 35 minutes and are offered in English. • Opening times: • March 15 to October 15 – 8:30 am until 5:30 pm. • October 16 to March 14 – 9:30 am until 4:00 pm. • Closed only on December 24. • Prices for tickets: • Adults € 9,80 • Children under 6 are free.
Ludwig II Musical • Ludwig II: Sensucht nach dem Paradies (Longing for Paradise). • Known as “the only musical in the world which is performed at its original setting.” • The musical tells the story of the life of “Mad King Ludwig,” who came to power at the age of 18 and spent most of his adult life fantasizing and building extravagant castles until he was taken from the throne, declared insane and drowned at the age of 41. • The musical has 29 different sets, 152 period costumes, real horses that drag a sleigh on treadmills while fog surrounds them on the revolving stage. However, the final scene has the best effect because Ludwig disappears under the surface of a lake and the water is real. Then it shows him ascending to the heavens riding on a rainbow.
There are large super titles above the proscenium that translates the play into English, Italian, Japanese and on request into Spanish, Dutch and French. • The musical last 3 hours and includes a 45 minute intermission. The Festspielhaus
Open nightly all year from Tuesdays until Sundays at 19:30 (7:30 pm). • No shows on Mondays • Matinee on Saturdays and Sundays at 14:30 (2:30 pm). • Tickets range from €20-100 per seat.
Around the Castle • Mary’s bridge connects Neuschwanstein to Hohenschwangau.
Around the Castle • Pollät Gorge
Around the Castle • Pollät Stream
Around the Castle • Schwansee (Swan Lake)
Around the Castle • Furstenstrasse (The Prince’s Road)
Places to Visit in Munich • The Neuschwanstein Castle
Places to Visit in Munich • The Nymphenburg Palace and Garden
Places to Visit in Munich • The English Gardens
Places to Visit in Munich • The Olympic Park
Places to Visit in Munich • The Frauenkirche
Places to Visit in Munich • The Art Museums
Places to Visit in Munich • The Beer Garden
Places to Visit in Munich • The Food Halls of Munich
Places to Visit in Munich • The Marienplatz
Places to Visit in Munich • The Dachau Concentration Camp
Picture Credits • http://gregoryferdinandsen.com/MUC2001/MUC_Image/Hohenschwangau,%20Looking%20Down%20(2).jpg • http://www.letsgo-europe.com/Germany/Neuschwanstein/neuschwanstein_map.JPG • http://upload.wikipedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/d/da/Wagner_Ludwig.jpg/200px-Wagner_Ludwig.jpg • http://www.fortunecity.com/victorian/dadd/1258/Bios/fam.jpg • http://www.hohenschwangau.de/ticketcenter.0.html
Picture Credits • http://www.trigema.de/customer_public/statisch/ort/images/bayern-map_schwangau.gif • http://www.21.0038.net/~gaia-as1/Hohenschwangau.JPG • http://ulib.iupui.edu/kade/springer/Ch1/photo1-1.gif • http://www.worldroots.com/brigitte/royal/gifs/marieprussia.jpg • http://www.answers.com/topic/maximilianii-jpg • http://fellhauer-web.de/photography/gallery/hohenschwangau-w640.jpg
Picture Credits • http://www.wald-allgaeu.de/uploads/RTEmagicC_Ludwig2_Musical_140pxl.jpg.jpg • http://www.travellady.com/Issues/Issue69/Images/B-24-02-LMS.jpg • http://www.bal-tours.de/bilder/saalplan_ludwig.gif • http://www.ludwig2musical.com/preise-12m_en.html • http://www.scheidegg.de/cms/images/pictures/musical_bild2.jpg
Picture Credits • http://www.munich-info.de/portrait/images/gross/englischer_garten5.jpg • http://www.engr.uconn.edu/~adstc/CONFERENCE/munich/mun17.jpg • http://www.evanderputten.org/frauenkirche-10-30-05_02.jpg • http://images.munger.ca/desktops/germany/marienplatz.jpg • http://www.muenchen.de/cms/prod2/mde/_de/rubriken/Rathaus/65_raw/Tourismusamt/img/img_bildarchiv_allg/erlebnis/viktualienmarkt.jpg
Picture Credits • http://www.mvdaily.com/articles/2006/02/pict0602.jpg • http://www.castlesoftheworld.com/Fantasy/images/Herrenchiemsee2.jpg • http://www.bigfoto.com/sites/galery/dachau/02_concentration_camp.jpg • http://www.pst.informatik.uni-muenchen.de/~baumeist/olympiapark_pano_small.jpg • http://www.lisapulliam.com/Neuschwanstein-06.jpg
Picture Credit • http://www.mps.mpg.de/homes/portyankina/Suden/schloss/DSC05943.jpg • http://members.virtualtourist.com/m/p/m/2d66b5/ • http://www.ferienhaus-lina.de/mediac/400_0/media/schwansee.jpg • http://members.virtualtourist.com/m/p/m/2d66e4/ • http://www.cs.hmc.edu/~geoff/adventures/karlsruhe/bavarian_castles/reductions/P2004.08.08-15.10.17-0439.02.jpg
Work Cited • http://www.castles.org/castles/Europe/Central_Europe/Germany/germany4.htm • http://www.neuschwanstein-hotel.com/hohenschwangau-castle/ • http://www.dummies.com/WileyCDA/DummiesArticle/id-3149,subcat-WORLDWIDE.html • http://www.letsgo-europe.com/Germany/Neuschwanstein/Hohenschwangau.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schloss_Hohenschwangau
Work Cited • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximilian_II_of_Bavaria • http://europeforvisitors.com/germany/bavaria/ludwig-musical.htm • http://europeforvisitors.com/germany/bavaria/ludwig-musical-production.htm • http://www.ricksteves.com/tvr/pledge/castles/chap_bavaria.htm • http://gogermany.about.com/od/greatdestinations/tp/munichtodo.htm • http://members.virtualtourist.com/m/a8215/cbec/4/