India: Land of Contrasts. Brown book, p.125 Who, Where and when it began? Major beliefs Laws Books Where today? Vocabulary to know. Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Brief Historical Review. 2500 bc Indus River – early civilization, Harappa and Mohenjodaro
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Brown book, p.125 Who, Where and when it began? Major beliefs Laws Books Where today? Vocabulary to know Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism
Brief Historical Review 2500 bc Indus River – early civilization, Harappa and Mohenjodaro 1500 bc- Aryans push Dravidians south 1500-1600s- Mughal (Mogul)Empire Muslims from Arabia invade 1757 British East India Company-rule for Britain – British Imperialism- acquire only for raw materials/resources 1857- Sepoy Rebellion (results- end of BEIC) Raj- 1920-1947 Mahatma Ghandi 1948 End of British imperialistic rule- partition India is world largest democracy
Indus River valley was home to one of the world’s Cradles of Civilization. Ancient customs and traditions are still alive in India as a result. 2500 BC
Aryans invade the subcontinentlight skinned • Orig. from area around Caspian Sea and Black Sea
Aryans contributions to the Sub-Continent • गणित-भूगोल वर्ग • Geography class in Hindi • Sanskrit- Rig Vedas written in this Indo-European Language • Caste System • Hindi- 3rd most spoken language- close to Urdu, Bengali, Punjabi
Caste System Strict Social Structure- Inherited, reincarnation
How can you tell that this is an Islamic style architecture? Taj Mahal- memorial to favorite wife of Shah Jahan
Mughal Empire • Centralized government that brought together many smaller kingdoms • Delegated government with respect for human rights • Persian art and culture • Persian language mixed with Arabic and Hindi to create Urdu • Periods of great religious tolerance • A style of architecture (e.g. the Taj Mahal) • A system of education that took account of pupils' needs and culture • (Babur- 1st ruler, descendent of Genghis Khan)
The End to British Imperialism (Raj) • Sepoy Rebellion • Boycotts • Gandhi • Non-violent resistance • Salt March A man who was completely innocent, offered himself as a sacrifice for the good of others, including his enemies, and became the ransom of the world. It was a perfect act. Mahatma GandhiAn eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind. Mahatma Gandhi • Partition • Hindu- India • Muslims- East Pakistan and West Pakistan • Pakistan and Bangladesh today • Kashmir is a problem!
The region of Kashmir is being fought over by India and Pakistan. With both countries having nuclear capabilities, this dispute could result in…
India's Economy • Newly industrializedAgriculture 25% • Agriculture • Rice • Cotton • Tea • Problems facing Agriculture • Population • Small land holdings • Depleted soil
During the winter monsoon season, India is dry and cracked but when summer comes, so does the rain.
Leeward side Windward side Cherrapunji holds the world’s record for precipitation with 366 inches in one month!
Review of Issues in Sub-Continent • Population control • Ganges R.- water pollution • Kashmir - fighting • Pakistan & India- nuclear • Outsourcing- Jobs (labor cost) A small body of determined spirits fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission can alter the course of history. Mahatma Gandhi
One of India’s biggest challenges for the future is coping with the huge growth in population. Right now India ranks 2nd in population. Concern: increasing population and clean water
As of 4/2/2013 World 7,076,212,099 (2012) 7,004,485,978 U.S. 315,600,747 (2012) 313,291,128 India 1,220,800 (2012) 1.2 billion
Population Explosion A B c
Carbon Emissions: Who is more detrimental to the world’s environment? • Rank CountriesAmount • # 1 United States:5,762,050 • # 2 China: 3,473,600 • # 3 Russia: 1,540,360 • # 4 Japan: 1,224,740 • # 5 India: 1,007,980 • # 6 Germany: 837,425 • # 7 United Kingdom:558,225 • from Nationsmaster.com
Outsourcing • Well lets just see a video and see if we can find out what this means and it’s effect on us!
Mumbai(Bombay) 20 million Bollywood- Hollywood, film center - see video Bangalore- Silicon Valley Mumbai (formerly Bombay) 20 Million