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Moving from the Margins: Women’s Activism and Social Capital. The University of Alabama Women’s Resource Center Elle Shaaban-Magaña Sharmeka Lewis Jessi Hitchins. The Economics of Relationships Game. Exploring the Construct of Social Capital as a Framework. Major Contributors.
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The University of Alabama Women’s Resource Center
propose an understanding of
society based on movement of ‘capital’ through social spaces
Capitals may be accumulated, lost, invested, distributed, and traded
Bourdieu (1986): sociology
Coleman (1988): education
Putnam (1995): politic science
Five key elements: networks, resources, norms, and trust; reciprocity
Moi (1990): appropriation as a critical assessment of a given theory formation with a view to taking it over & using it for feminists purposes
Bruegel (2005) recognizes how social capital can furnish women with a degree of power that enables them to challenge the status quo, through solidaristic social networks. In this way, she argues, the transformative potential of social capital is developed through collective experience: ‘feminist analysis helps to redefine social capital as a part of a system of competing interests and values within a multidimensional space of difference, framed by large inequalities of power’.
Lister (2005) focuses on feminist citizenship theory which she argues, offers ways of accepting and addressing social divisions and diversity of interests. In contrast to the ‘bonding, bridging and linking’ in social capital theory, through which people are said to build connections and share resources, Lister draws our attention to the work of Nira Yuval-Davis, who uses the image of “rooting” and “shifting” where people ‘remain rooted in their own (multiple) identities and values but at the same time are willing to shift their views in dialogue with those subscribing to other identities and values.’
Unlike social capital theory which is often linked to the idea of social cohesion, a citizenship framework captures conflict and gives space and visibility to disruptive forms of action.
Two Case Studies