By: Andrew Moore. GENESIS : A HARVARD GRADUATE . In September of 1936 after attending Princeton for half a semester, John F. Kennedy enrolled in Harvard University (One of America’s top university’s).
In September of 1936 after attending Princeton for half a semester, John F. Kennedy enrolled in Harvard University (One of America’s top university’s).
JFK quickly became one of the most prestigious students of his class. Kennedy graduated as Cum Laude or Latin Honors.
During his years of study he would serve as secretary to his diplomatic dad, Joseph Kennedy.
JFK graduated with a degree in international affairs.
Before his enrollment at Stanford, JFK writes, Why England Slept which became a best seller.
After his graduation from Harvard, JFK enrolled in classes at Stanford Graduate School of Business.
After graduating from Stanford, JFK attempted to enlist into the Army. But he was rejected because of his chronic lower back issues.
After the Army’s rejection, JFK attempted for enlistment in the Navy and was accepted. He is put into Navy Reserve.
JFK spent time in the Navy’s Intelligence Office but was sent to officer training and PT Boat training due to Pearl Harbor.
After training, Kennedy was assigned to the PT-109. He would eventually become a lieutenant and be assigned as Captain of the PT-109 which would be put into the wars Pacific Theater.
While on night patrol near the Solomon Islands, the Japanese destroyer, Amagiri rammed into JFK’s boat.
Kennedy gathered his surviving crewman and retreated to a nearby island. While retreating Kennedy towed a badly burned crewmate to the islands despite his re-injured back.
Kennedy would win the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his action.
Kennedy was honorably discharged in early 1945, just prior to Japan's surrender. Kennedy's other decorations in World War II included the Purple Heart, American Defense Service Medal, American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with three bronze service stars, and the World War II Victory Medal.
His discharge occurred because of his back injury and a serious case of malaria.
Left: Picture of John F. Kennedy in the PT-109.
After his honorable discharge, John F. Kennedy was employed by the International News Service.
During his time at the News Service, JFK covered many famous meetings and conferences.
Examples include, his coverage of the U.N. Conference.
Another example was his coverage of the famous Potsdam Conference.
After some time at the News Service, JFK became interested in politics and decided to run for the House of Representatives.
Above: Picture of the “big three” at the Potsdam Conference.
After this, Kennedy ran for the seat and beat his Republican counterpart by a big margin.
In the 1947, John Kennedy voted against the Taft-Hartley Act.
Kennedy served as a Representative for six years with a mixed voting record.
In the 1952 Kennedy decided to run for the U.S. Senate and won against opponent Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.
During his time as Senator he underwent several spinal operations in which were life threatening.
It wouldn’t be until 1956 that JFK got involved in the Senate. It was this year that he would get nominated to become Vice President to Presidential nominee, Adlai Stevenson. Even though nominated, he would lose to opponent, Estes Kefauver.
After this occurrence, JFK spent the next few years voting on bills that retained to civil rights.
In 1958, Kennedy was re-elected to a second term in the Senate, defeating his Republican opponent, Boston lawyer Vincent J. Celeste.
After his 1958 re-election, JFK severely injured his “liberal status” because of his support of Joseph McCarthy.
In the year 1959 JFK decided to run for President and began his campaigning process.
Above: Posters promoting Kennedy’s senate and congress elections.
Before Kennedy could become president he had to defeat his democratic counterparts.
His counterparts included, Hubert Humphrey, Stuart Symington, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Pat Brown.
When John Kennedy began his campaign for presidency in 1960, he knew it would be a tough election. Kennedy’s campaign staff included manager, Bobby Kennedy. The rest of the staff included Ted Sorensen, Larry O’ Brien, Ken O’ Donnell, Dave Powers, Steve Smith, and Pierre Salinger.
The 1960 Democratic National Convention was held in Los Angeles, California.
The final vote for Kennedy would top out at 806 votes. Kennedy had won the primary with over 100 votes to spare.
But the primary’s wouldn’t be over until Kennedy picked a Vice-President. Thus he picked Senator Lyndon B. Johnson because he was the closest to Kennedy with 409 votes.
Kennedy’s campaign staff included manager, Bobby Kennedy. The rest of the staff included Ted Sorensen, Larry O’ Brien, Ken O’ Donnell, Dave Powers, Steve Smith, and Pierre Salinger.
Above: Picture of JFK during his Democratic National Convention Speech.
Kennedy’s Main Point was to become more advanced than the Russians.
Kennedy blamed President Dwight D. Eisenhower for America’s lag in economics and military.
Kennedy believed that the Russians were more advanced and that it would take a lot of national recovery; The New Frontier.
The blame game on Eisenhower didn’t sit well with Nixon.
Nixon believed that Eisenhower had done many great things for America during the 1950’s.
Nixon used the stance of “I’ll keep the peace and prosperity.”
He used this basis on Eisenhower, who he looked up to.
Below and Right: Posters promoting JFK’s presidential election.
Above and Left: Pictures of Kennedy and Nixon during debates.
One of the key factors that hurt John F. Kennedy’s presidential candidacy was the fact that he was Roman Catholic.
Many non-Catholics or protestants were highly afraid that if JFK became president he would take orders from the Pope in Vatican City.
On September 12, 1960 Kennedy made a speech to The Greater Houston Ministerial Association on his belief in separation of church and politics.
He stated, “I am not the Catholic candidate for President. I am the Democratic Party’s candidate for President who also happens to be Catholic. I do not speak for my Church on public matters – and the Church does not speak for me.”
After this famous speech, JFK promised to respect the separation of church and state. He said he wouldn’t allow the Catholic Church to try to persuade him about public matters.
Even though he promised to many Protestant Americans of his separation from the church, he still probably lost votes due to his Catholicism.
Left: New York Times election issue, Kennedy Wins!
Pictures: The supposed culprits of the false voting fraud. Clockwise: Lyndon B. Johnson, Mayor Richard Daly, and Mobster Sam Giancana.
Above: JFK at his inauguration in Washington D.C.
Above Clockwise: Berlin Wall, Cartoon depicting JFK and Khrushchev containing nuclear war, and the Vienna Summit.
Pictures: JFK during the State of the Union Address and the 1st page of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Pictures: Cartoon of JFK trying to convince Canada to produce nuclear weapons. JFK’s presidential photo.
The American Heritage Book of the Presidents and Famous Americans. Vol. 12. New York: Dell Pub., 1967. Print.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy. 1963. Photograph. Dallas. Www.topnewsinlaw.com. Top News Law, 22 Oct. 2010. Web. 19 Mar. 2011. <http://www.topnews.in/law/jfk-told-secret-service-back-days-dallas-assassination-233557>.
Why Did JFK Lose To Nixon In York County? 1960. Photograph. York County. Www.yorkblog.com. York Town Square, 22 Apr. 2008. Web. 19 Mar. 2011. <http://www.yorkblog.com/yorktownsquare/2008/04/why-did-jfk-lose-to-nixon-in-y-1.html>.
John F. Kennedy 11th Congress Promotional Poster. Photograph. Http://fansinaflashbulb.wordpress.com. Fansinaflashbulb, 22 Nov. 2010. Web. 30 Feb. 2011. <http://fansinaflashbulb.wordpress.com/2010/11/22/john-f-kennedy-1917-1963/>.
JFK Editorial Cartoons. 1960's. Photograph. Www.filibustercartoons.com. Kennedy In Cartoons. Web. 20 Mar. 2011 <http://www.filibustercartoons.com/jfk.htm>.
JFK Editorial Cartoons. 1960's. Photograph. Www.filibustercartoons.com. Kennedy In Cartoons. Web. 20 Mar. 2011 <JFK Editorial Cartoons. 1960's. Photograph. Www.filibustercartoons.com. Kennedy In Cartoons. Web. .>.
John Kennedy Promotional Poster. 1960. Photograph. Www.cafepress.com. Cafe Press. Web. 20 Mar. 2011 <http://www.cafepress.com/jfk/promotional/poster/1960>.
John F. Kennedy's Face. 1963. Photograph. Www.wildsound.com. Wild Sound. Web. 20 Mar. 2011 <http://www.wildsound.ca/john_f_kennedy_face.html>.
1963 State of Union Address. 1963. Photograph. Www.boerner.net. Boerner. Web. 20 Mar. 2011 <http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=7116>.
1964 Civil Rights Act: 1st Page. 1964. Photograph. Www.rissayo.com. Rissayo, 2009. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://rissayo.glogster.com/civil-rights-movements-commemoration-poster/>.
Vienna Summit. 1961. Photograph. JFK Library. Www.jfklibrary.com. JFK Library. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset+Tree/Asset+Viewers/Image+Asset+Viewer.htm?guid=%7BD46438F6-AC52-4A9C-ADD6-3ADD40A245FC%7D&type=lgImage>.
Berlin Wall. 1962. Photograph. Berlin, Germany. Www.madmikesamerica.com. Mad Mikes America. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://madmikesamerica.com/2010/08/berlin-wall-johnny-walker-levi-straus-and-rock-and-roll/>.
JFK Inaugural Speech. 1961. Photograph. ABC Archives. Www.abc.net. ABC. Web. 20 Mar. 2011.<http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2009/01/16/2467691.htm>.
Lyndon B. Johnson President Photo. 1965. Photograph. Www.daymix.com. Day Mix. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://daymix.com/Lyndon-B.-Johnson/Photograph>.
Mayor Richard Daley. 1961. Photograph. Chicago, Illinois. Www.bigmikescience.com. Big Mike Science. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.bigmikescience.wordpress.com>.
Sam Giancana. 1958. Photograph. Chicago,Illinois. Www.mafia.wikia.com. Mafia Wikia. Web. 18 Mar. 2011. <www.mafia.wikia.com>.
Nixon Debate. 1960. Photograph. Www.theragblog.com. The Rag Blog. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.theragblog.blogspot.com>.
New York Times: 1960 Election. Photograph. Www.associatepublisher.com. Associate Publisher. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.associatepublisher.com>.
Kennedy Road Sign Promotional Poster. 1960. Photograph. Www.theomahaproject.org. Mahatten Project. Web. 18 Mar. 2011. <http://www.theomahaproject.org>.
John Kennedy Pointing. 1962. Photograph. Www.phantomp2p.com. Phantomp2p. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.phantomp2p.com>.
1960 Democratic National Convention. 1960. Photograph. Www.americanrhetoric.com. American Rhetoric. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.americanrhetoric.com>.
Potsdam Conference. 1945. Photograph. Potsdam,Germany. Www.studenthandouts.com. Student Handouts. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.studenthandouts.com>.
PT-109. 1944. Photograph. JFK Library, Soloman Islands, Pacific Ocean. Www.jfklibrary.org. JFK Library. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jfklibrary.org>.
Navy Symbol. Photograph. Www.franklinyoung.com. Franklin Young. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://franklinyoung.com>.
John F. Kennedy Sketch. Photograph. John F. Kennedy Library. Www.jfklibrary.com. JFK Library. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jfklibrary.com>.
JFK Official Presidential Painting. Photograph. JFK Library. Www.jfklibrary.com. JFK Library. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jfklibrary.com>.