PERSIA: SOCIAL Social structure in South Asia, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia, Western Europe, and the Middle East
South Asia • Society’s infrastructure was the Hindu Caste System. • Under this rigid caste system, there was no room for social mobility or intermarriage between castes. • Under the Mughal Empire, much of India was a militaristic society separated by religion. http://www.southasians.info/southasia/southasia-map.php
Latin America • The arrival of Europeans brought a racial hierarchy to Latin America. • Frequent intermarriage caused cultural diffusion between Europeans and natives. (mestizos, zambos, mulattoes, peninsulares, creoles) • Engenhos were plantations that were made of a group of buildings all related to the production of sugar. http://www.welthungerhilfe.de/latinamerica.html
Sub-Saharan Africa • Society in Sub-Saharan Africa was mainly based around loyalty to individual kingships or tribes. • Women had more rights than in most other societies. http://www.nric.net/pub_project/proj_pubsearch.cfm?SearchPage=AFR&Searchtopic=GIS
East Asia • In China, patriarchal society followed the principles of Confucianism. • Filial piety was a key aspect of Chinese society. • Japanese society revolved mainly around Neo-Confucian ideals and Zen Buddhism. • Rituals such as the tea ceremony were performed. http://deas.um.edu.my/index.htm
Western Europe • Society was heavily influenced by religion. • Christianity was originally the center of daily life. • As Capitalism grew, the authority of religion receded. http://www.musco.eu/reps/we.html
Middle East • The Middle East was generally under the control of the Ottoman and Safavid empires. • They were mainly militaristic societies, focusing heavily on weapons technologies. • Pre-existing cultures frequently clashed with Islam.