Section 2 European Nations Settle North America. Competing claims to North America. Spain’s colonization in the Americas soon got the attention of other European Nations Nations now sought a Northwest trade route from N.A. to Asia to ease trade. Explorers Established New France.
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Competing claims to North America • Spain’s colonization in the Americas soon got the attention of other European Nations • Nations now sought a Northwest trade route from N.A. to Asia to ease trade.
Explorers Established New France • 1524: Jacques Cartier(France)- Reached Canada, Named St. Lawrence River • 1608: Samuel de Champlain: Established present day Quebec which became base of France’s Empire “New France” • 1673: Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet- Explored and claimed Great Lakes • 1683: Sieur de La Salle: Claimed LA
English Arrive in North America • A. Settlement in Jamestown: -1607 English established a settlement off coast of Virginia= Called Jamestown Horrible Start= 7/10 ppl died England’s 1st successful settlement in N.A
B. Puritans Create a “New England” • 1620- Pilgrims found 2nd English colony • Plymouth and Jamestown • Religious Freedom • Puritans follow 10 yrs. Later and colony in Mass. Bay • Model Christian Community
C. Dutch found New Netherlands • 1609- Henry Hudson established a Dutch settlement known as New Netherlands • Very successful trading post • Allowed other Europeans to settle (Germans, French)
D. Colonizing the Caribbean • French colonized: Haiti, Guadeloupe, and Martinique • English: Barbados and Jamaica • Dutch: Aruba • Huge Cotton and sugar plantations and Slaves
Struggle for North America • Europeans began to compete with each other for claims in North America • A. English oust the Dutch • English took New Netherlands and renamed it New York
B. England Battles France • England began to push west where they encountered French claims • Led to French and Indian War (part of Seven years War) • British defeated the French 1763 and gained control on North American
Native Americans Respond • A. Strained relationship • French and Dutch settlers lived peacefully with Natives • English fought with Natives • Land , religion
B. Settlers and Native Americans Battle • King Philip’s War was a conflict between English settlers and the Powhatan • King P. attacked colonies villages- Fought many times killing hundreds • English Victory
C. Natives Fall to Diseases • European Disease devastated Native pop. • In order to maintain their labor force, colonist turned to African labor.