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A Snapshot of Marymount’s First-Generation Students. Alvin Manalo Office of Institutional Effectiveness Marymount Innovations October 2009. What is a First-Generation Student?. Undergraduates whose parents never enrolled in postsecondary education

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a snapshot of marymount s first generation students

A Snapshot of Marymount’s First-Generation Students

Alvin Manalo

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

Marymount Innovations

October 2009

what is a first generation student
What is a First-Generation Student?
  • Undergraduates whose parents never enrolled in postsecondary education

(National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education)

national trends
National Trends
  • First-generation students are more likely to attend part-time, be older, and live off-campus than non-first generation students.
  • More likely to be from ethnic and racial minorities.
  • Likely to persist in postsecondary institutions at lower rates than non-first generation students.
  • Have a higher proportion of unmet financial need.

(The Pell Institute, 2008; National Center for Education Statistics, 1998)

methods
Methods
  • Fall 2008 census= 2,193 undergraduates
  • Looked at students who applied for the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) at anytime = 1,642 students or 75% of population.
    • Highest school your father completed (Q24)
    • Highest school your mother completed (Q25)
      • Possible responses: Middle school/Jr. high; High school; College or beyond; Other/unknown
  • First-Generation- Father and mother enrolled only in middle school/Jr. high or high school.
gender
Gender
  • Roughly 1 in 3 male or female undergraduates are first-generation students.
race ethnicity
Race/Ethnicity
  • Note: Other/Not Reported includes Indian/Native Americans
  • Minority groups make up 54% of first-generation population and 39% of non-first generation population.
  • 48% of Hispanics are first-generation students.
are mu first generation students older
Are MU First-Generation Students Older?

First-generation average age = 22.3; Non-first generation average age = 22.1

Possible Explanations:

First-generation students more likely to work or attend to family obligations after high school.

(The Pell Institute, 2008)

enrollment status
Enrollment Status

Possible explanations:

First-generation students more likely to work and attend school at the same time.

(The Pell Institute, 2008)

residency status
Residency Status
  • 2 out of 3 first-generation students live off-campus.
  • First-generation patterns consistent with older, part-time students.
market distribution
Market Distribution

Note: Secondary market includes Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.

A larger proportion of first-generation students are from our primary market (VA, MD, DC).

class level
Class Level
  • A greater proportion of freshmen and sophomores are first-generation students than juniors and seniors.
  • This may suggest steady persistence until sophomore year but a decline in persistence after sophomore year.
freshman sophomore retention rate
Freshman-Sophomore Retention Rate

First-Generation

Non-First Generation

  • Fall 2008 full-time, first-time freshmen who applied for a FAFSA = 337
  • First-Generation = 105
  • Non-First Generation = 232
financial aid matters
Financial Aid Matters

First-Generation

Non-First Generation

* Does not include PLUS loans, unsubsidized loans, and private alternative loans. Does not include aid awarded in excess of need (Common Data Set).

summary
Summary

Marymount’s first-generation students:

  • Make up almost half of Hispanic students (48%)
  • Are slightly older than none-first generation students
  • Are more likely to enroll part-time
  • 2 out of 3 first-generation students live off-campus
  • Appear to have a higher freshman-to-sophomore retention rate
  • Appear more likely to come from low-income backgrounds and have financial need
  • Slightly less likely to have their financial need met
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