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IAFS 1000 19 th Century India: Debating Muslim Education PowerPoint Presentation
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IAFS 1000 19 th Century India: Debating Muslim Education

IAFS 1000 19 th Century India: Debating Muslim Education

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IAFS 1000 19 th Century India: Debating Muslim Education

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  1. IAFS 100019th Century India:Debating Muslim Education

  2. Outline • 1857 Uprising • Indian Muslim debates re. education • Aligarh • Deoband

  3. Muslim Debates over Education • two schools: Aligarh and Deoband • significance: diversity of Indian Muslims

  4. 1857 “Mutiny”/War of Independence/Uprising • Significance: Br distrust of Muslims • Landlords, peasants, disinherited princes • Threat to Indian Army • 1858: British Crown takeover

  5. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/cia05/india_sm05.gif

  6. Aligarh: MuhammadanAnglo-Oriental College (est 1875) • Founded by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan • Modeled on British schools • Both Muslim and Hindu students • Training for Muslim leaders • Combined Islamic and Western education

  7. Syed Ahmed Khan • Islam need not be hostile to Christianity • Hindus and Muslims not inherently incompatible: “India is like a bride which has got two beautiful and lustrous eyes—Hindus and Mussalmans” • Harmony depended on British rule: “for the peace of India . . . the English Government should remain for many years—in fact for ever!”

  8. Deoband (est. 1867) • Purifying Islam • Traditional Muslim education (based in Wahhabi traditions) • Middle- and lower-class Muslims • No British support • Largely apolitical • Seen as a guardian of Islam

  9. Themes • 1857 uprising led to British distrust of Muslims • Indian Muslims never a monolithic group (e.g. Aligarh vs. Deoband)