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Brushstrokes. When writing, much like in art, a writer must use two different types of perception: the visual eye and the imaginative eye. The visual eye is what the writer actually sees The imaginative eye is what the writer imagines.

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When writing, much like in art, a writer must use two different types of perception:the visual eyeand the imaginative eye
the visual eye is what the writer actually sees the imaginative eye is what the writer imagines
The visual eye is what the writer actually seesThe imaginative eye is what the writer imagines
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Many times writers must use the imaginative eye to provide extra details and create a stronger imageMost writers only use the visual eye, however, good writers mix the visual and imaginative eye as they write.

good writers
Good writers…

Appeal to the five senses:

touch, feel, sound, smell, and taste

We will work on doing this using brushstrokes.

how we will begin using brushstrokes
How we will begin using brushstrokes
  • We will begin all examples with a core sentence.
    • A core sentences simply describes what we can see is going on in the picture or in the moment.
      • It should be rather literal
    • For example, a good core sentence for the picture below would be: The girl went horseback riding.
    • After we have our core sentence, we can begin to improve our writing by applying
    • brushstrokes.
image grammar writing prompt 1 choose one
Image Grammar Writing Prompt 1Choose One

Describe a scene from your favorite movie.

Describe the last public place you went to.

Describe your favorite place to go.

absolute brush strokes
Absolute Brush Strokes

Absolute: noun + -ing word

Noun: person, place, thing or idea

The car went into the field.

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The mountain climber edged along the cliff.

Lips quivering, hands shaking, the mountain climber edged along the cliff.

Now write your own sentence based off this picture with two absolutes!

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1. Create a core sentence describing the image.2. Paint two absolutes at the beginning and the end of your sentence.

Activity 1: Description 1

activity 1 description 2
Activity 1: Description 2

1. Create a core sentence describing the image.2. Paint two absolutes at the beginning and the end of your sentence.

activity 1 description 3
Activity 1: Description 3

1. Create a core sentence describing the image.2. Paint two absolutes at the beginning and the end of your sentence.

activity 1 description 4
Activity 1: Description 4

Picture a nature scene in your mind. Imagine the sensory details – the sounds, the smells, the feel of items you touch. Using two absolute brush strokes, write a sentence describing what you imagine.

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Now it’s your turn!

Go back to the writing prompt you did and add absolutes where you can.

You MUST add absolutes to your response.

Note: You may have to rework the way you wrote your response.

creating a mood using absolutes
Creating a mood using absolutes

Activity 1: Description 5

appositives brush strokes
Appositives Brush Strokes

Appositives: add a second image of the subject to the sentence.

the car went into the field
The car went into the field.

The car, a 1936 Ford, went into the field.

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Brainstorm nouns that could be a substitute for the word volcano.

God

Beast

Creature

Weapon

Machine

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The volcano ravaged the mountainside.

The volcano, a vicious beast with claws of molten lava, ravaged the mountainside.

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1. Create a core sentence about the soldier.2. Now add a second image of the soldier with an appositive.

Activity 2: Description 1

activity 2 description 2
Activity 2: Description 2

1. Create a core sentence about the little girl.2. Now add a second image of the soldier with an appositive.

activity 2 description 3
Activity 2: Description 3

Think of an interesting place that you saw on television or in an advertisement. Picture the scene and write two sentences describing what you saw, using an appositive brush stroke in the description.

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Participle Brush Strokes

an ing phrase

What is a phrase?

A phrase is a group of related words that does not contain both a verb and a subject; therefore, it isn’t a complete sentence.

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Participle Brush Strokes – an ing phrase

The car went into the field.

Sliding on the loose gravel, the car went into the field.

the skier raced down the steep slope
The skier raced down the steep slope.

Leaping high over jagged ice rocks, the skier raced down the steep slope.

the skier raced down the steep slope1
The skier raced down the steep slope.

Jumping high, breathing hard, thinking fast, the skier raced down the steep slope.

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Develop a core sentence about this image. Add a Participle Brush Stroke to your core sentence.Activity 3: Description 1
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If you used a long participial brush stroke to describe this image try painting the same image with three short participles. If you used three short participles, try one long participle brush stroke. Activity 3: Description 2

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Think of a dramatic event you observed or were in: an athletic event, a car crash, an argument.

Describe the event in a sentence that includes a participle brush stroke.

Activity 3: Description 3

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Think of an action scene in a movie or television show that you recently watched.

Use a participle brush stroke in a sentence that captures a snapshot of that scene.

Activity 3: Description 4

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Adjectives Out-of-Order

What is an adjective?

A word that describes a noun

Examples:

Small, giant, warm, bright, short, cute

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Adjectives Out-of-Order

The car went into the field.

The car, dented and rusty, went into the field.

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Adjectives Out-of-Order Brush Strokes

The _____________, ____________, _____________ pit bull turned toward the intruders.

Brainstorm:

List 6 adjectives that could describe a pit bull?

long lean gruesome

beastly strong mighty

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Adjectives Out-of-Order Brush Strokes

You can also shift the placement of the adjectives in the sentence to give more of an effect.

The _____________ pit bull, ____________ and _____________ turned toward the intruders.

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Adjectives Out-of-Order Brush Strokes

Description 1.1

The ________, ________, ________ baby leopard listened to his father’s commanding roar.

Brainstorm a list of 6 adjectives you might use in this sentence

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Next eliminate adjectives writers call “image blanks.”

    • Image blanks are adjectives that don’t create a picture in your mind.
      • Examples: neat, beautiful, fascinating, and horrible
      • These sorts of words label how you feel, but they don’t paint an image.

Image Blanks

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Image Adjectives

Description 1.2

  • Image adjectives leave a picture in your mind.
    • Examples: tiny, red, furry, narrow, toothless, and sharp
  • Now revise your sentences about the leopard using only image adjectives.
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Image Adjectives Out-of-Order

Description 1.3

Use this sentence template to create a sentence with adjectives out-of-order.

The ______________ baby leopard, _____________ and ____________, listened to his father’s commanding

roar.

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Adjectives Out-of-Order

Description 2

Using the sentence below. Rework the adjectives to where they appear out of order.

His soiled, wrinkled, calloused hands portrayed a life of hard labor.

________

_________

___________

1st: Identify the adjectives.

2nd: Create a new order for them in the sentence that will have a greater impact.

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Adjectives Out-of-Order

Description 3

Fill in the blanks with adjectives that create a visual image.

The _____________ jogger, _______________ and __________________, slowed from a fast sprint to a slow walk.

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“Nothing is as critical as the use of action verbs. This is absolutely – utterly, completely, with shriekingboldface and CAPITAL LETTERS – CENTRAL to good writing.”

- Jon Franklin, two time Pulitzer Prize winner

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Being Verb:

The car WENT into the field.

  • What image do you get in your head when reading this sentence?
  • Is it a powerful image?
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Adding an active verb:

The car CHUGGED into the field.

  • What image do you get in your head when reading this sentence?
  • Is it a powerful image?
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Linking Verbs and Helping Verbs:

is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been, has, have, had, do, does, did, shall, will, should, would, may, might, must, can, could

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Eliminating Linking Verbs and Helping Verbs

These verbs show no emotion and give no help in adding an image. Eliminate as many of these verbs as possible in the following passage. You’ll have to replace these verbs with action verbs.

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Eliminating Linking Verbs and Helping Verbs

I went on an African safari last year. While there, I had a scare. People were yelling and screaming because an angry rhino was on the loose. I thought I would die. But I got through it.

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Eliminating Linking Verbs and Helping Verbs

I journeyed to Africa for a safari last year. People ran scared and screaming because an angry rhino was on the loose. Faced with death, I forged through it.

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Eliminating Linking Verbs and Helping Verbs by Combining Sentences

Sometimes you can eliminate being verbs by simply combining two sentences.

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Eliminating Linking Verbs and Helping Verbs by Combining Sentences

Derek Jeter recently signed a six-year contract for $88.5 million. He is one of the Yankees’ best short-stops.

How can we combine these sentences to get rid of the being verb?

___

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Eliminating Linking Verbs and Helping Verbs by Combining Sentences

Derek Jeter, one of the Yankees’ best short-stops, recently signed a six-year contract for $88.5 million.

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Brushstrokes can Replace

Linking Verbs

The storm woke me in the middle of the night. The lightning was striking. The thunder was exploding like grenades.

Any ideas???

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Brushstrokes can Replace

Linking Verbs

Lightning striking, thunder exploding like grenades, the storm woke me in the middle of the night.