11/9 • Reading Questions: • 1. The author’s purpose for the work is: • a. to tell the story of the noble savage • b. to explain Rousseau’s influence on the noble savage • c. to convince the audience of the benefits of the noble savage • d. to describe the nature of the noble savage
2. According to the work, the main thesis of A Discourse… is: • a. the pursuit of desires is evil • b. the pursuit of desires hindered the development of society • c. the pursuit of desires lead to inequality but also the development of society • d. the pursuit of desires did not exist in the “noble savage”
3. According to the chart, a natural existence and a civil society • a. share a few traits • b. are very similar • c. differ in a few traits • d. are complete opposites
4. Consider the following line: • “…Rousseau, who among the major political philosophers of the Enlightenment is often cited as espousing the most sympathetic version of the noble savage myth…” • What does “espousing” mean: • a. opposing • b. considering • c. resisting • d. promoting
11/9 • Written Response: • 5. In a short answer explain what Rousseau feels about the “noble savage.”
11/13 vocab; chapter 1 • Accessible:easy to enter or reach • Crestfallen: disappointed or humiliated • Impervious: remaining unmoved and unaffected by other peoples’ opinions, arguments, or suggestions. • Loiter: to stand around without any obvious purpose. • Enterprise: a new, often risky venture that involves confidence and initiative. • Sensuous: relating to the stimulation of the senses.
11/13 chapter 1 vocab • Glower: to stare or look at somebody or something with sullen anger or strong resentment. • Rebuke: to criticize or reprimand somebody • Fervor: extreme intensity of emotion or belief. • Demure: looking or behaving in a modest manner with reserve or seriousness. • Corpulent: obese • Buffeted: a heavy or repeated blow or stroke.
11/13 chapter 1 vocab • Static: not moving or changing, or fixed in position. • Saunter: to walk at an easy, unhurried pace. • Cascade: a small waterfall, a fast downward flow, something that hangs.
11/13 literary devices • Duality: something consisting of two parts, usually in opposition. • Dichotomy: a division into two especially mutually exclusive or contradictory groups or entities; something with seemingly contradictory qualities. • Good and evil • Black and white • Conservative and liberal
Exposition: beginning of story, tells character, setting, mood -Central Conflict: basic problem of story -Rising Action: attempts to solve problem -Climax: solution to problem -Falling Action: events caused by solution -Resolution: reactions to climax Theme: general statement about life, may be positive or negative, never a single word, may or may not be desired
Main Idea--summary of the plot • Conflict--when the desires of a character are blocked Internal Conflict--conflict exists in the mind of a character (requires a decision to be made) External Conflict--conflict exists outside of the mind (requires an action to be performed
Symbol—something is itself and represents something else. • Characterization: the act by which an author reveals character • Direct: when the author directly states what type of person a character is • Indirect: when the author gives clues about what type of person a character is
Allusion: a reference to something outside the text that the reader is expected to know; provides additional information; may become a symbol. • Metaphor: figure of speech in which something is said to be something else; metaphors may be implied. • Simile: figure of speech in which one thing is connected to another with phrases such as “like” or “as” • Personification: figure of speech where non-human things are given human qualities • Hyperbole: figure of speech that uses great exaggeration
Summary sheets • 3 parts: • Short answer—explain the main idea of the chapter in 6-12 sentences.. • Devices—quote and identify three devices used in the chapter • Ie: symbol, metaphor, internal conflict, etc. Questions: list three questions you have about the chapter
Vocab • 1. truant :: slacker: dally • 2. disappointed : discouraged :: dejected : • 3. imagery : :: logic : intellectual • 4. gawked : :: sigh : growl
Which character has the most control over the others? Why? How does it relate to the theme? • Discuss the symbolic representation of War. • Recount the details of the chapter.