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NAFTA: An Introduction. Eliminates restrictions on the flow of goods, services and investments between Mexico, Canada, and the United States Went into effect January 1994 All tariffs will be phased out by 2008. Classical Liberalism’s Perspective.

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nafta an introduction
NAFTA: An Introduction
  • Eliminates restrictions on the flow of goods, services and investments between Mexico, Canada, and the United States
  • Went into effect January 1994
  • All tariffs will be phased out by 2008
classical liberalism s perspective
Classical Liberalism’s Perspective
  • The country should benefit from lowering trade barriers
    • Better prices to consumers
    • Better goods (increased quality)
    • Markets for exporters
    • Economic Growth
classical liberalism s perspective4
Classical Liberalism’s Perspective
  • However, freer trade has not come without serious social costs
    • Asymmetric benefits
    • Rural Mexicans have lost jobs
    • Worker rights issues
    • Environmental Degradation

- Social Unrest (Zapatista protests)

neoliberal institutionalist perspective
Neoliberal Institutionalist Perspective
  • Economic integration has allowed Mexico to reap absolute gains
    • Increased international trading power and influence
    • US Assistance
    • Monetary stabilization
    • GDP growth
a macroeconomic analysis
A Macroeconomic Analysis
  • NAFTA has been very politically controversial
    • Only 29% of Mexicans think the treaty is helping them
  • How should we evaluate the success of a trade agreement?
a macroeconomic analysis7
A Macroeconomic Analysis

Source: The Economist

a macroeconomic analysis8
A Macroeconomic Analysis

Key Economic Indicators for Mexico

Source: Economist Intelligence Unit. (Congressional Research Service)

a macroeconomic analysis9
A Macroeconomic Analysis

U.S.-Mexican Foreign Direct Investment Positions, 1994-2003

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. (Congressional Research Service)

questions
Questions
  • Is NAFTA good or bad for Mexico?
    • Do the aggregate economic gains merit the social costs?
  • What is the future of NAFTA in Mexico? How will Mexico change as a result of the agreement?