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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DAY 2 PowerPoint Presentation
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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DAY 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DAY 2. Video: Der mensch als industriepalast. Better depiction of Anatomy or Physiology?. System Function Matching!. Integumentary System. PROTECTS!. Skeletal System. SUPPORT! BLOOD CELLS FORMED WITHIN BONES. Muscular System. MOVEMENT! PRODUCES HEAT.

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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DAY 2


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DAY 2

    2. Video: Dermenschalsindustriepalast Better depiction of Anatomy or Physiology?

    3. System Function Matching!

    4. Integumentary System • PROTECTS!

    5. Skeletal System • SUPPORT! • BLOOD CELLS FORMED WITHIN BONES

    6. Muscular System • MOVEMENT! • PRODUCES HEAT

    7. Nervous System • CONTROL SYSTEM!

    8. Endocrine System • SECRETES HORMONES THAT REGULATE GROWTH, REPRODUCTION, AND METABOLISM

    9. Cardiovascular System • TRANSPORTATION!

    10. Lymphatic System • DEFENSE!

    11. Respiratory System • GAS DELIVERY AND EXCHANGE (O2 AND CO2)

    12. Digestive System • PROCESSES FOOD • ABSORBS NUTRIENTS

    13. Urinary/Excretory System • EXCRETES WASTES, WATER, AND SALTS

    14. Reproductive System • PRODUCES SEX CELLS AND HORMONES Male  Female 

    15. What is the term for largest classification of anatomy structures? Gross

    16. Gross Anatomy • The anatomical position (see right) • Directional and regional terms • Anterior • Posterior • Superior • Inferior • Medial • Lateral • Proximal • Distal • Superficial • Deep • Cephalic • Vertebral • Thoracic • Appendicular • Brachial • Lumbar

    17. Anatomical Position Body erect, feet together, palms facing forward, thumbs away from body. Note: when talking about right/left, you are talking about the patients right or left side, not your own.

    18. Divisions of the Body • Axial: head, neck and trunk. Contains dorsal and ventral cavities. • Appendicular: upper and lower limbs

    19. Relative Positions • Describes the location of one part of the body in relation to another.

    20. Superior: above another part or closer to the head • Inferior: below another body part or closer to the feet • Anterior (ventral): towards the front of the body (breastbone anterior to spine) • Posterior (dorsal): towards the back of the body (spine posterior to the breastbone) • Medial: toward the middle of the body

    21. Lateral: away from the middle, towards the outer side of the body • Proximal: closer to the point of attachment to the trunk (elbow is proximal to the wrist) • Distal: farther from the point of attachment to the trunk (knee is distal to the thigh) • Superficial: toward or at the body surface • Deep: away from the body surface, more internal

    22. Body planes and sections - cut into sections along a flat surface called a plane (also called coronal) (also called XS – cross section)

    23. Body planes • Body is 3D • Can be split into three planes • Sagittal • Coronal • Transverse

    24. Sagittal Plane • Plane splitting the body into two parts (left and right) • Sagittal section is a cut made longitudinally along the body • If it splits into two equal parts = midsagittal

    25. Coronal Plane • Plane which splits body into anterior and posterior section • Ie. Facelift

    26. Transverse Plane • Separates body along horizontal plane • Also called a cross section • Will divide an organism into superior and inferior parts

    27. Body Cavities

    28. Cavities • Opening within body which protects internal organs, and allows transfer of materials/information • 2 Divisions • Dorsal • Ventral http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Scheme_body_cavities-en.svg

    29. Dorsal Cavities • Made up of two smaller cavities • 1) Cranial Cavity – holds and protects brain • 2) Spinal Cavity – column which runs through vertebra and protects spinal chord

    30. Ventral Cavities Thoracic Abdominopelvic

    31. Ventral Cavities • 1) Thoracic – chest area (holds heart, lungs, and diaphragm) • 2) Abdominopelvic – lower torso (holds digestive and reproductive organs)

    32. Pleural cavity Bovine Pleural Cavity Collapsed Lung in Pleural Cavity Pleural cavity is the space between the membranes covering the chest wall and lungs.

    33. Visible Human Project Video