ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DAY 2. Video: Der mensch als industriepalast. Better depiction of Anatomy or Physiology?. System Function Matching!. Integumentary System. PROTECTS!. Skeletal System. SUPPORT! BLOOD CELLS FORMED WITHIN BONES. Muscular System. MOVEMENT! PRODUCES HEAT.
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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY DAY 2
Video: Dermenschalsindustriepalast Better depiction of Anatomy or Physiology?
Integumentary System • PROTECTS!
Skeletal System • SUPPORT! • BLOOD CELLS FORMED WITHIN BONES
Muscular System • MOVEMENT! • PRODUCES HEAT
Nervous System • CONTROL SYSTEM!
Endocrine System • SECRETES HORMONES THAT REGULATE GROWTH, REPRODUCTION, AND METABOLISM
Cardiovascular System • TRANSPORTATION!
Lymphatic System • DEFENSE!
Respiratory System • GAS DELIVERY AND EXCHANGE (O2 AND CO2)
Digestive System • PROCESSES FOOD • ABSORBS NUTRIENTS
Urinary/Excretory System • EXCRETES WASTES, WATER, AND SALTS
Reproductive System • PRODUCES SEX CELLS AND HORMONES Male Female
What is the term for largest classification of anatomy structures? Gross
Gross Anatomy • The anatomical position (see right) • Directional and regional terms • Anterior • Posterior • Superior • Inferior • Medial • Lateral • Proximal • Distal • Superficial • Deep • Cephalic • Vertebral • Thoracic • Appendicular • Brachial • Lumbar
Anatomical Position Body erect, feet together, palms facing forward, thumbs away from body. Note: when talking about right/left, you are talking about the patients right or left side, not your own.
Divisions of the Body • Axial: head, neck and trunk. Contains dorsal and ventral cavities. • Appendicular: upper and lower limbs
Relative Positions • Describes the location of one part of the body in relation to another.
Superior: above another part or closer to the head • Inferior: below another body part or closer to the feet • Anterior (ventral): towards the front of the body (breastbone anterior to spine) • Posterior (dorsal): towards the back of the body (spine posterior to the breastbone) • Medial: toward the middle of the body
Lateral: away from the middle, towards the outer side of the body • Proximal: closer to the point of attachment to the trunk (elbow is proximal to the wrist) • Distal: farther from the point of attachment to the trunk (knee is distal to the thigh) • Superficial: toward or at the body surface • Deep: away from the body surface, more internal
Body planes and sections - cut into sections along a flat surface called a plane (also called coronal) (also called XS – cross section)
Body planes • Body is 3D • Can be split into three planes • Sagittal • Coronal • Transverse
Sagittal Plane • Plane splitting the body into two parts (left and right) • Sagittal section is a cut made longitudinally along the body • If it splits into two equal parts = midsagittal
Coronal Plane • Plane which splits body into anterior and posterior section • Ie. Facelift
Transverse Plane • Separates body along horizontal plane • Also called a cross section • Will divide an organism into superior and inferior parts
Cavities • Opening within body which protects internal organs, and allows transfer of materials/information • 2 Divisions • Dorsal • Ventral http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Scheme_body_cavities-en.svg
Dorsal Cavities • Made up of two smaller cavities • 1) Cranial Cavity – holds and protects brain • 2) Spinal Cavity – column which runs through vertebra and protects spinal chord
Ventral Cavities Thoracic Abdominopelvic
Ventral Cavities • 1) Thoracic – chest area (holds heart, lungs, and diaphragm) • 2) Abdominopelvic – lower torso (holds digestive and reproductive organs)
Pleural cavity Bovine Pleural Cavity Collapsed Lung in Pleural Cavity Pleural cavity is the space between the membranes covering the chest wall and lungs.