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LIFE OF MUHAMMAD ( pbuh ):. Introduction:. “Indeed, in the messenger of Allah, you have for you, the best example.” (33 : 21) “We sent you (Muhammad) not but as a blessing for the universe”. (21 : 107)

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introduction
Introduction:
  • “Indeed, in the messenger of Allah, you have for you, the best example.” (33 : 21)
  • “We sent you (Muhammad) not but as a blessing for the universe”. (21 : 107)
  • “He it is who has sent His messenger with the guidance and the religion of truth, that He may make it conqueror of all religion, however much idolators may be averse.” (16 : 9)
slide3

Life of Muhammad (pbuh) is the best example (Uswatun-Hasanah) for us to follow.

  • He has shown us how to obey Allah, the lord of the Universe.
  • Allah says in Quran : “say (O Muhammad), if you love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you and forgive your sins, Allah is forgiving and Merciful.” (3 : 31)
slide4

Muhammad’s (pbuh) duty, according to the Quran, was to make Islam supreme over all other systems of life.

  • “It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion, although those who associate others with Allah dislike it.” (61 : 9)
  • “It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to menfest it over all religion. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.” (48 : 28)
slide5

Say, “My Lord has only forbidden immoralities – what is apparent of them and what is concealed – and sin, and oppression without right, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent authority, and that you say about Allah that which you do not know.” (7 : 33)

slide6

Say, “ I am only a man like you, to whom has been revealed that your god is one God. SO whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his lord anyone.”

birth and childhood
Birth and Childhood:
  • Muhammad (pbuh) was born into the nobel tribe of the Quraish in Makkah. Arabia, in 571 CE.
  • His father, Abdullah, died before his birh and Aminah (RA), his mother, died when he was only six.
  • After the death of his mother ,his grandfather, Abdul Muttlib, looked after him. From early childhood.
  • His grandfather died when he was only eight years old, so Muhammad was then looked after by his uncle, Abu Talib, a leader of the Quraish.
slide8

He was named by his grandfather. Someone asked Hazrat Abdul Mutalib about the name he said:

“I have named him Muhammad so that his name may be praised on the earth and in the heavens.”

  • Muhammad means praiseworthy.
a business trip to syria
A Business Trip to Syria:
  • Muhammad (pbuh) at the age of twelve went on business trip to Syria with his uncle Abu Talib.
  • When their caravan reached Busra in Syria, a Christian priest called Bahira invited them to a dinner.
  • Bahira knew that the boy Muhammad (pbuh) was going to be a prophet in the future.He advised Abu Talib to take special care of his nephew.
teenager and the battle of fujjar
Teenager and the Battle of Fujjar:
  • When Muhammad (pbuh) was fifteen, a local war broke out during the Hajj season between the tribes of Quraish and Hawazian.
  • Upon the initiative of Az-Zubair, Muhammad’s (pbuh) uncle, a meeting was called at the house of Abdullah Ibn Judan, who was an influential and wealthy person
hilf ul fudul alliance for charity
Hilf-ul-Fudul (alliance for charity):
  • Formed at the meeting to help oppressed, the poor and the needy.
  • Muhammad (pbuh) took following oath:

“I uphold the pact concluded in my presence when

Ibn Judan gave us a great banquet. Should it ever be invoked, I shall immediately rise to answer the

call.”

  • The participation of Muhammad pbuh in Hilf-ul-Fudul is a proof of his concern and interest in welfare activites, even in his youth.
young shepherd
Young Shepherd:
  • Muhammad pbuh was very proud of having spent his boyhood as a shepherd.
  • He used to say,”Allah sent no prophet who was not a shepherd. Musa (Moses) was a shepherd , Dawud (David) was also a shepherd.”
marriage
Marriage:
  • Muhammad (pbuh) received an offer from a noble lady named Khadijah to look after her business affairs.
  • Muhammad (pbuh) accepted the offer and set out for Syria, accompanied by another of her employees called Maysarah.
  • Muhammad (pbuh) was protected from the heat of the sun by clouds during the trip.
slide14

Khadijah (RA) the daughter of khuwailid, was a determined, intelligent and noble woman.

  • She was deeply impressed by the ability, character and performance of Muhammad (pbuh).
  • Decided to send the proposal of marriage to Muhammad (pbuh).
  • He was twenty five years of age when he married. Khadijah (RA) was forty and a widow.
physical features
Physical Features:
  • Handsome man of medium build.
  • Neither very tall nor short.
  • Large head, thick black hair.
  • A wide forehead, heavy eye-brows and large eyes with long eye lashes.
  • Fine nose., well placed teeth, a thick beard, a long hand some neck and wide chest and shoulders.
  • Skin was light coloured and had thick palms and feet.
  • His eyes gave the feeling of the authority of a commander.
rebuilding al kabah
Rebuilding Al-Kabah:
  • The Kahbah needed repair after a sudden flood.
  • The task was divided among the four tribes of the Quraish.
  • Muhammad pbuh took active part in the work.
  • The rebuilding progressed and the walls were raised until it was time to place the Black Stone

Al-hajarul’Aswad on the east wall of the Kabah.

placing of holy stone
Placing of Holy Stone:
  • Who should have the honour of placing this Holy stone in its place.
  • The situation was tense and there was almost possibiltiy of civil war over the issue.
  • Abu Ummayyah said “let the first man to enter the gate of the mosque next morning decide the matter in dispute among us.”
slide18

What a pleasant surprise! The first man to enter the mosque was Muhammad (pbuh) ! All the people shouted in a chorus, “This is the trust worthy one (Al-Amin), this is Muhammad (pbuh).”

search for the truth
Search for the Truth:
  • Muhammad (pbuh) used to retreat in seclusion and solitude to a cave, in mount Nur very often.
  • Muhammad pbuh got quite fed upwith existing social and political systems.
  • In the month of Ramadan Allah, the lord of the universe, favoured Muhammad (pbuh) with his blessings – the first revelation of Quran.
slide20

إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْر

  • ہم نے اس قرآن کو شب قدر میں نازل کرنا شروع کیا۔
  • وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْر
  • اور تمہیں کیا معلوم کہ شب قدر کیا ہے؟
  • لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِّنْ أَلْفِ شَهْر
  • شب قدر ہزار مہینے سے بہتر ہے۔
  • تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْر
  • اس میں فرشتے اور روح القدس ہر کام کے انتظام کے لئے اپنے پروردگار کے حکم سے اترتے ہیں۔
  • سَلاَمٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْر
  • یہ رات طلوع فجر تک امن و سلامتی ہے۔
receiving the truth
Receiving the Truth:
  • Muhammad (pbuh) had reached the age of forty when, one night while meditating in his mountain retreat in Hira during Ramadan, an angel appeared before him.
  • “Read!” said the angel.
  • “I am not a reader.” replied Muhammad (pbuh)
slide22

اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَق

  • اے نبی ﷺ اپنے پروردگار کا نام لے کر پڑھو جس نے تمام کائنات کو پیدا کیا۔
  • خَلَقَ الإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَق
  • جس نے انسان کو خون کی پھٹکی سے بنایا۔
  • اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الأَكْرَم
  • پڑھو اور تمہارا پروردگار بڑا کریم ہے۔
  • الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَم
  • جس نے قلم کے ذریعے سے علم سکھایا۔
  • عَلَّمَ الإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَم
  • اور انسان کو وہ باتیں سکھائیں جن کا اسکو علم نہ تھا۔
first revealed verses of the quran
First revealed verses of the Quran:
  • “Read in the name of your Lord who created.

Created man from a clot of blood.

Read, your Lord is most Generous.

Who taught by the pen.

Taught man what he did not know.” (96:1-5)

slide24

Muhammad (pbuh) rushed home in panic and sat close to Khadijah (RA) .Muhammad (pbuh) told her all that happen.

  • “Rejoice, O son of my uncle, and be of good heart. Surely by him in whose hand is Khadijah’s soul, I have hope that you will be the prophet of his people.

You have never done any wrong to anyone. You are kind to others and you help the poor. So Allah will not let you down.”

warqah bin nawfal
Warqah Bin Nawfal:
  • Khadijah took Muhammad (pbuh) to her cousin Warqah Bin Nawfal, who was a christian.
  • He said,” this is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Jibrail) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.”
second revelation
Second Revelation:
  • يَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّر
  • قُمْ فَأَنذِر ●اٹھو اب خبردار کرنے لگو۔
  • وَرَبَّكَ فَكَبِّر ● اور اپنے پروردگار کی بڑائی بیان کرو۔
  • وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّر ●اور اپنے کپڑے پاک رکھو۔
  • وَالرُّجْزَ فَاهْجُر ●اور شرک کی گندگی سے تو الگ ہی رہو۔
  • “O you who lie wrapped in your mantle, arise and warn! Glorify your Lord. Purify yourself. Give up uncleanliness.”
islamic movement begins
Islamic Movement begins:
  • The revelation marked the beginning of Muhammad’s (pbuh) role as a messenger of Allah.
  • First- Khadijah (RA), Muhammad’s pbuh wife, accept Islam: second – Ali (RA), his cousin: third – Zaid (RA), his household servent. Outside the household, it was Abu Bakr (RA)
islamic movement becomes public
Islamic Movement becomes public:
  • Three years after the revelation, Allah commanded the Prophet.
  • فَاصْدَعْ بِمَا تُؤْمَرُ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ الْمُشْرِكِين

پس جو حکم تم کو اللہ کی طرف سے ملا ہے وہ لوگوں کو بے دھڑک سنا دو اور مشرکوں کا ذرا خیال نہ کرو۔

  • إِنَّا كَفَيْنَاكَ الْمُسْتَهْزِئِين

ہم تمہیں ان لوگوں کے شر سے بچانے کے لئے کافی ہیں جو تم سے ہنسی کرتے ہیں۔

  • الَّذِينَ يَجْعَلُونَ مَعَ اللّهِ إِلـهًا آخَرَ فَسَوْفَ يَعْمَلُون

جو اللہ کے ساتھ کوئی اور معبود قرار دیتے ہیں سو عنقریب انکو ان

  • باتوں کا انجام معلوم ہو جائے گا۔
slide29

“Proclaim what you have been ordered and turn away from the polytheists.” (15:94)

  • وَقُلْ إِنِّي أَنَا النَّذِيرُ الْمُبِين
  • اور کہدو کہ میں تو علانیہ ڈر سنانے والا ہوں۔
slide30

Muhammad (PBUH) entered the house of Al-Arqam (one of the first Muslims). This house was situated near Kaaba and many pilgrims passed near it. For next 4 years. Muhammad (PBUH) preached from the House of Al-Arqam. This house is also called the House of Islam. During this period, as many as 200 hundred people were converted.

  • During first 3 years of preaching, there was no opposition from the Quraish because preaching was in secret.
the prophet on mount safa
The Prophet on Mount Safa:
  • Muhammad pbuh climbed on the top of As-Safa and shouted to the people.
  • “O men of Quraish, if I were to tell you that I see an army ready to attack on the other side of the mountain, would you believe me?”
  • They answered , “Yes, why not? We trust you and never found you telling a lie.”
slide32

Muhammad (pbuh) said,” know then, that I am warner and that I warn you of serve punishment. O Banu Abdul Muttalib! O Banu Abd Manaf! O Banu Zuhrah! O Banu Taim! O Banu Makhzum! O Banu Asad! Allah has commanded me to warm you, my nearest kinsmen, that I can assure you of good on this earth and in heaven if you declare that there is no god but Allah.”

abu lahab
Abu Lahab:
  • He said ,“Damn you! Did you assemble us for this?”
  • Allah revealed,

“ May the hands of Abu Lahab perish; doomed he is. His wealth and his properties shall nat save him. He shall be thrown into a flaming fire of hell.”

hostility begins
Hostility begins:
  • Quraish asked Abu Talib to with draw his support from Muhammad (pbuh )
  • Utbah Bin Rabiah (a leader of quraish) suggested,
  • "If what you want is money, we will gather for you our property, so the you may be the richest of us; if you want honour, we will make you our chief, so that no-one can decide anything apart from you; if you want sovereignty, we will make you king.”
slide35

Muhammad pbuh said ,

  • “ O my uncle, by Allah, if they put the sun in right hand and the moon in my left, and ask me to give up my mission, I shall not do it until Allah has made it victorious or I perish therein!”
  • Abu Talib said “Go and say what you please for, by Allah, I shall never withdraw my support from you.”
slide36

OPPOSITION FROM THE QURAISH

  • Main enemies of Islam were Abu Jahl, Abu Lahab and his wife, Abu Sufyan, Walid bin Mughaira and Atba bin Rabi. Ummya bin khalaf
  • Religious Causes:
  • Quraish respected their ancestors and were ready to die for them and their beliefs. Thus, they did not want to leave the 360 idols that their ancestors had worshipped. When Muhammad (PBUH)told them that their ancestors were in grave trouble because of polygamy and idol-worship, the Quraish grew violent.
slide37

Moral Causes:

  • Islam and the Quraish's moral values were totally different and opposite.
  • Islam preached modesty, while the Quraish were used to lavishness,
  • Islam promulgated equality of men and women, while the Quraish treated their women like chattels,
  • Islam enjoined loyalty to one faith, while the Quraish wanted loyalty only to the clan or tribe.
slide38

Social Causes:

  • The class conscious, rich Quraish could not reconcile with the slogan of equality of all humans raised by Muhammad (PBUH).
  • If Islam ruled, the high and the low, the master and the slave, the rich and the poor, the black and the white, all would be on equal footing.
slide39

Political Causes:

  • After Hazrat Abdul Muttlib, BanuMakhzum tried to rule with the help of BanuUmayya. Islam warned a capable and competent man to rule the kingdom, not a tribe.
  • If Islam was allowed to expand, the present Makkan rulers would no doubt have to relinquishtheir rule. They had an intense fear of power shifting from their hands into the hands of the Muslims. That is why the ruling tribes were the most hostile towards Islam.
  • In ancient times, politics and wealth went hand in hand.
  • • The leading families feared that loss of political power would mean loss of wealth.
slide40

Economic Causes:

  • • By talking about social justice and equality, Muhammad (PBUH) struck at the roots of their evil methods of big business, high finance and monopolistic economy and other facets of the capitalistic/mercantile practices.
  • It is because of this that to the new rich and the privileged class, He appeared as a lunatic, a revolutionary, a disrupter of law and a magician.
slide41

The persecutions:

  • • The first and most to suffer at the hands of the Quraish were the converted slaves.
  • They were beaten, roasted on hot desert sand, laid on their backs on burning coals, beaten, tortured and kept enclosed for days in dark, small rooms. Some were even butchered in cold blood.
  • Bilal was made to lie on his back in chains on the scorching desert sands by his master.
  • Yasir and Sumiya were tortured to death while their son Ammar treated with utmost cruelty.
  • Khabbab was treated with cruelty and barbarity.
slide42

As regards their own clansmen and kinsmen, their persecutors were milder but more organized. Each Quraishite family was responsible for punishing its men and women. Usman bin Affan and Zubair bin al-Awwam were tortured by their uncles while Saadibn al-Waqqas was tortured by his relatives.

  • Muhammad (PBUH) was tortured psychologically and physically:
  • People who had called him "the truthful" and "the trustworthy" tried to defame his character by openly calling him a liar.
  • Men and women threw rubbish on him as he was walking on the street and strew his path with thorns.
  • Once, when Muhammad (PBUH) was praying in the Kaaba, a wicked Quraishite threw a camel's innards on him..
slide43

إِنَّهُ لَقَوْلُ رَسُولٍ كَرِيم● وَمَا هُوَ بِقَوْلِ شَاعِرٍ قَلِيلاً مَا تُؤْمِنُون● وَلاَ بِقَوْلِ كَاهِنٍ قَلِيلاً مَا تَذَكَّرُون● تَنزِيلٌ مِّن رَّبِّ الْعَالَمِين●

کہ یہ قرآن ایک معزز فرشتے کا پہنچایا ہوا کلام ہے۔ اور یہ کسی شاعر کا کلام نہیں۔ مگر تم لوگ بہت ہی کم ایمان لاتے ہو۔ اور نہ کسی کاہن کا قول ہے۔ لیکن تم لوگ بہت ہی کم غوروفکر کرتے ہو۔ یہ رب العالمین کا اتارا ہوا ہے۔

slide53

(615 A.D) Migration to Abbysinia

  • When the prosecution became unbearable, the Prophet received command that some of his followers should migrate to Abbysinia.
  • Abbysinia (present day Ethiopia) had a kind-hearted Christian king named Najashi or Negus.
  • First migration (including Usman bin Affan and his wife Ruqayya) took place in 615 AD:
  • TOTAL : 15 Men: 11 Women: 4
slide54

Quraish immediately dispatched a delegation to Negus with gifts.

  • The Quraish had had long­standing trade relations with Abbysinia.
  • The Quraish demanded the immediate return of the fugitive Muslims.
  • When Jafar explained the principles of Islam to the king, Negus refused to hand over the Muslims to the Quraish.

قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا● وَجَعَلَنِي مُبَارَكًا أَيْنَ مَا كُنتُ وَأَوْصَانِي بِالصَّلاَةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا●

بچے نے کہا کہ میں اللہ کا بندہ ہوں اس نے مجھے کتاب دی ہے اور نبی بنایا ہے۔ اور میں جہاں ہوں اور جس حال میں ہوں اس نے مجھے صاحب برکت بنایا ہے اور جب تک زندہ ہوں مجھ کو نماز اور زکوٰۃ کا ارشاد فرمایا ہے۔

slide55

وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَتِي وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِي جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا● وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدتُّ وَيَوْمَ أَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ أُبْعَثُ حَيًّا● ذَلِكَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ قَوْلَ الْحَقِّ الَّذِي فِيهِ يَمْتَرُون● مَا كَانَ لِلَّهِ أَن يَتَّخِذَ مِن وَلَدٍ سُبْحَانَهُ إِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُون● وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ هَذَا صِرَاطٌ مُّسْتَقِيم●

اور مجھے اپنی ماں کے ساتھ نیک سلوک کرنے والا بنایا ہے اور سرکش و بدبخت نہیں بنایا۔ اور جس دن میں پیدا ہوا اور جس دن مروں گا اور جس دن زندہ کر کے اٹھایا جاؤں گا مجھ پر سلام ہے۔ یہ مریم کے بیٹے عیسٰی ہیں اور یہ سچی بات ہے جس میں لوگ شک کرتے ہیں۔ اللہ کو شایاں نہیں کہ کسی کو بیٹا بنائے وہ پاک ہے جب کسی چیز کا ارادہ کرتا ہے تو اس کو یہی کہتا ہے کہ ہو جا تو وہ ہو جاتی ہے۔ اور بیشک اللہ ہی میرا اور تمہارا پروردگار ہے تو اسی کی عبادت کرو یہی سیدھا رستہ ہے۔

slide56

(616 AD.) Second Migration to Abbysinia:

  • Encouraged by this success, another party of Muslims left for Abbysinia in 616 AD. This is known as the Second Migration to Abbysinia:
  • TOTAL : 101 Men: 83 Women and children: 18
slide57

(616 A.D)Conversion of Hamza:

  • Hamza was uncle of Muhammad (PBUH). He was fond of hunting and when he returned from it one day, Abu Jahl's slave girl told him how cruelly Abu Jahl had hurt and wounded Muhammad (PBUH).
  • Infuriated because of his love for the Prophet (PBUH), he upbraided Abu Jahl and challenged him to do his worst. Then, he went to the house of Al-Arqam and became a Muslim.
  • Conversion of Umar:
  • By 6th year of Prophet hood. UmarbenKhitab. chief of BanuAdi, was one of the worst enemies of Islam. One day, he was in the Kaaba discussing the rising Muslim influence when he decided to murder the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
slide58

On his way to the house of Arqam, he met Saad bin AbiWaqqas, who informed him that Umar's own sister Fatima and her husband had accepted Islam.

  • Umar went to his sister's house, where he found both of 'them reading the Quran. Even after hitting her violently on the face so hard that it stared bleeding, she told Umar that she would follow Muhammad (PBUH) no matter what he did.
  • Umar asked her to read afew verses of the Quran to him. Struck by the beauty of the Quran, Umar went to the house of Al-Arqam and immediately entered into the fo!d of Islam.
  • The Muslims were so overjoyed by the entry of so powerful a man into Islam that their victory cry was heard across Makkah.
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(616 - 619 AD)Boycott of BanuHashim:

  • Alarmed at the escape of the Muslims from their clutches, the Quraish suspected that Muhammad (PBLJH) was planning an invasion of Makkah with Negus..
  • Knowing that they could not harm Muhammad (PBUH) much as he was under the protection of his tribe, BaniHashim, they agreed to boycott the entire tribe.
  • All the tribes of the Quraish agreed not to intermarry with BanuHashim, nor to sell or trade with them.
  • This agreement was signed and hung in the Kaaba.
  • BanuHashim then took refuge at the rock-bound property of Abu Talib on the outskirts of Makkah called Shi'bAbiTalib.
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• Only Abu Lahab did not join the BaniHashim in their exile.

  • BanuHashim lived in impoverishment and near starvation except for the holy months when no enmity was allowed.
  • When Muhammad (PBUH) tried to preach Islam at the fair of Ukaz, Abu Lahab would start shouting profanities at him. Foreigners dispersed when they saw that Muhammad (PBUH) didn't have support among his own relatives.
  • Thus Islam's progress came to a total standstill during this period.
  • After three years of seeing the BaniHashim suffer, some of the Makkans nobles were tried to end the boycott.
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(619 AD) The Year of Mourning:

  • In 619 AD, Abu Talib and Khadija died.
  • Muhammad (PBUH) was struck by grief.
  • He later said that when nobody believed in his mission, Khadija believed him, when he was friendless, she befriended him and when he was helpless, she helped him.
  • Abu Talib's death was a great setback. Muhammad (PBUH) lost his only support amongst the hostile Quraishi tribes.
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(619 A.D) Visit to Taif:

  • 10 years had passed since Muhammad (PBUH) brought the Message of Allah to the Quraish. However, they still opposed and refused to change.
  • Taif is an oasis city near Makkah. At that time, it was something of a resort for the rich people of Arabia, with lush gardens and lavish display of wealth.
  • Muhammad (PBUH) journeyed to Taif. The rich people of Taif were worship an idol called ‘Lat’.
  • The people of Taif threw stones at Muhammad (PBUH) and so seriously wounded him that his shoes were filled with blood.
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Conversion of a convoy of Jinn

  • In the way to return to Makkah from Taif a convoy of Jinn met with the Holy Prophet and accepted Islam.
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قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْآنًا عَجَبًا● يَهْدِي إِلَى الرُّشْدِ فَآمَنَّا بِهِ وَلَن نُّشْرِكَ بِرَبِّنَا أَحَدًا● وَأَنَّهُ تَعَالَى جَدُّ رَبِّنَا مَا اتَّخَذَ صَاحِبَةً وَلاَ وَلَدًا●

اے پیغمبر ﷺ لوگوں سے کہدو کہ میرے پاس وحی آئی ہے کہ جنوں کی ایک جماعت نے اس کتاب کو سنا تو کہنے لگے کہ ہم نے ایک عجیب قرآن سنا۔ جو بھلائی کا رستہ بتاتا ہے سو ہم اس پر ایمان لے آئے اور ہم اپنے پروردگار کے ساتھ کسی کو شریک نہیں بنائیں گے۔ اور یہ کہ ہمارے پروردگار کی شان بہت بلند ہے وہ نہ بیوی رکھتا ہے نہ اولاد۔

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وَأَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ سَفِيهُنَا عَلَى اللَّهِ شَطَطًا● وَأَنَّا ظَنَنَّا أَن لَّن تَقُولَ الإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا● وَأَنَّهُ كَانَ رِجَالٌ مِّنَ الإِنسِ يَعُوذُونَ بِرِجَالٍ مِّنَ الْجِنِّ فَزَادُوهُمْ رَهَقًا● وَأَنَّهُمْ ظَنُّوا كَمَا ظَنَنتُمْ أَن لَّن يَبْعَثَ اللَّهُ أَحَدًا●

اور یہ کہ ہم میں سے کوئی کوئی بیوقوف اللہ کے بارے میں جھوٹ گھڑتا ہے۔ اور ہمارا یہ خیال تھا کہ انسان اور جن اللہ کی نسبت جھوٹ نہیں بولیں گے۔ اور یہ کہ بعض بنی آدم بعض جنات کی پناہ لیا کرتے تھے تو اس سے انکی سرکشی اور بڑھ گئ تھی۔ اور یہ کہ ان کا بھی یہی اعتقاد تھا جس طرح تمہارا تھا کہ اللہ کسی کو نہیں زندہ کرے گا۔

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وَأَنَّا لَمَسْنَا السَّمَاء فَوَجَدْنَاهَا مُلِئَتْ حَرَسًا شَدِيدًا وَشُهُبًا● وَأَنَّا كُنَّا نَقْعُدُ مِنْهَا مَقَاعِدَ لِلسَّمْعِ فَمَن يَسْتَمِعِ الآنَ يَجِدْ لَهُ شِهَابًا رَّصَدًا● وَأَنَّا لاَ نَدْرِي أَشَرٌّ أُرِيدَ بِمَن فِي الأَرْضِ أَمْ أَرَادَ بِهِمْ رَبُّهُمْ رَشَدًا●

اور یہ کہ ہم نے آسمان کو ٹٹولا تو اسکو مضبوط چوکیداروں اور انگاروں سے بھرا ہوا پایا۔ اور یہ کہ پہلے ہم وہاں بہت سے مقامات پر فرشتوں کی باتیں سننے کے لئے بیٹھا کرتے تھے۔ اب کوئی سننا چاہے تو اپنے لئے انگارہ تیار پاتا ہے۔ اور یہ کہ ہمیں معلوم نہیں کہ اس سے اہل زمین کے ساتھ برائی مقصود ہے یا انکے پروردگار نے انکی بھلائی کا ارادہ فرمایا ہے۔

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وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنَّا دُونَ ذَلِكَ كُنَّا طَرَائِقَ قِدَدًا● وَأَنَّا ظَنَنَّا أَن لَّن نُّعجِزَ اللَّهَ فِي الأَرْضِ وَلَن نُّعْجِزَهُ هَرَبًا● وَأَنَّا لَمَّا سَمِعْنَا الْهُدَى آمَنَّا بِهِ فَمَن يُؤْمِن بِرَبِّهِ فَلاَ يَخَافُ بَخْسًا وَلاَ رَهَقًا●

اور یہ کہ ہم میں بعض نیک ہیں اور بعض دوسری طرح کے ہمارے کئ طرح کے مذہب ہیں۔ اور یہ کہ ہم نے سمجھ لیا ہے کہ ہم زمین میں خواہ کہیں ہوں اللہ کو ہرا نہیں سکتے اور نہ بھاگ کر اسکو تھکا سکتے ہیں۔ اور جب ہم نے ہدایت کی کتاب سنی اس پر ایمان لے آئےسو جو شخص اپنے پروردگار پر ایمان لاتا ہے تو اسکو نہ نقصان کا خوف ہے نہ کسی طرح کے ظلم کا۔

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وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَمِنَّا الْقَاسِطُونَ فَمَنْ أَسْلَمَ فَأُوْلَئِكَ تَحَرَّوْا رَشَدًا●وأَمَّا الْقَاسِطُونَ فَكَانُوا لِجَهَنَّمَ حَطَبًا● وَأَلَّوِ اسْتَقَامُوا عَلَى الطَّرِيقَةِ لأَسْقَيْنَاهُم مَّاء غَدَقًا● لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ وَمَن يُعْرِضْ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّهِ يَسْلُكْهُ عَذَابًا صَعَدًا● وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلاَ تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا●

اور یہ کہ ہم میں بعض فرمانبردار ہیں۔ اور بعض نافرمان ہیں تو جو فرمانبردار ہوئے وہ سیدھے رستے پر چلے۔ اور جو نافرمان ہوئے وہ دوزخ کا ایندھن بنے۔ اے پیغمبر ﷺ یہ بھی ان سے کہدو کہ اگر یہ لوگ سیدھے رستے پر رہتے تو ہم انکے پینے کو بہت سا پانی دیتے۔ تاکہ اس سے انکی آزمائش کریں اور جو شخص اپنے پروردگار کی یاد سے منہ پھیرے گا وہ اسکو سخت عذاب میں داخل کرے گا۔ اور یہ کہ مسجدیں خاص اللہ کی ہیں تو اللہ کے ساتھ کسی اور کی عبادت نہ کرو۔

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(620 A.D)Al-Miraj (The Ascent):

  • Memorial event for the Prophet (pbuh).

سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلاً مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ لِنُرِيَهُ مِنْ

آيَاتِنَا إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِير ●

وہ قادر مطلق جو ہر خامی سے پاک ہے ایک رات اپنے بندے کو مسجد حرام یعنی خانہ کعبہ سے مسجد اقصٰے یعنی بیت المقدس تک جسکے چاروں طرف ہم نے برکتیں رکھی ہیں لے گیا تاکہ ہم اسے اپنی قدرت کی نشانیاں دکھائیں۔ بیشک وہ سننے والا ہے دیکھنے والا ہے۔

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أَفَتُمَارُونَهُ عَلَى مَا يَرَى ●وَلَقَدْ رَآهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَى ●

عِندَ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهَى ● عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَى ●

إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَى ●مَا زَاغَ الْبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَى ●

لَقَدْ رَأَى مِنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِ الْكُبْرَى ●

کیا جو کچھ وہ دیکھتے ہیں تم اس میں ان سے جھگڑتے ہو؟ اور انہوں نے اسکو یعنی جبرئیل کو ایک اور بار بھی اترتے دیکھا ہے۔ سدرۃ المنتہٰی کے پاس۔ اسی کے پاس ہمیشہ رہنے کی بہشت ہے۔ جبکہ اس بیری پر چھا رہا تھا جو چھا رہا تھا۔ ان کی آنکھ نہ تو اور طرف مائل ہوئی اور نہ حد سے آگے بڑھی۔ انہوں نے اپنے پروردگار کی قدرت کی بہت ہی بڑی بڑی نشانیاں دیکھیں۔

Five times daily prayers were laid down for Muslims at the time of Miraj.

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(621 A.D.)First covenant of Al-Aqabah:

  • In the 11th year of prophethood, hearing of a prophet in Makkah, 6 people from the Yasribite tribe of Khazraj came to Muhammad (PBUH) during the pilgrimage season.
  • They saw that Muhammad (PBUH) was indeed the prophet that the Jews thought would come from among them. They seized the opportunity and accepted Islam.
  • Muhammad (PBUH) sent Mus'ab bin Umair with them to assist the preaching of Islam.
  • In the 12th year of prophethood, 12 people came from Yasrib and accepted Islam and took oath. These Muslims helped spread Islam in the city of Yasrib.
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Seconds covenant of Al-Aqabah:

  • In the 13th year of prophet hood, 75 people came from Yasrib to take the usual pledge. Islam began to spread very rapidly after this.
  • Madinite Muslims said,” We take him (the Prophet) to Madinah despite all threats to property, wealth and life.
  • Tell us, O Prophet of Allah, what will be our reward if we remain true to this oath?”
  • The Prophet answered,” Paradise.”
emigration to madinah
Emigration to Madinah:
  • Muslims left there homes for the sake of Allah and his pleasure.
  • The Muslims of Madinah are known as Ansar (helpers) and those of Makkah (emigrants).
the hijrah of the prophet
The Hijrah of the Prophet:
  • Muhammad (pbuh) secretly left Makkah one night

in 622 CE with Abu Bakar RA.

  • They stayed in the cave known as Thawr, for three

days.

The first residence of Prophet pbuh was house of Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari.

the prophet in madinah
The Prophet In Madinah
  • Ansar and Muhajirum.
  • Construction of mosque in Madinah.
  • Muhammad pbuh himself took part in the construction as an ordinary labourer.
the battle of badr 17 ramadan
The Battle of Badr: (17 Ramadan)
  • Small army of three hundred and thirteen people.
  • Encounter between two armies took place on the 17th of Ramadan.
  • “Truth prevails, falsehood vanishes.” (17:18)
the battle of uhud 5 shawwal
The Battle of Uhud: (5 Shawwal)
  • Makkans were thirsty of revenge.
  • Army of three thousand strong, including two hundred horsemen.
  • Command of ‘Abdullah Bin Jubair.
  • Khalid Bin Walid the Makkan commander.
  • Prophet pbuh was injured.
the battle of ahzab
The Battle of Ahzab:
  • Salman Ali Farsi, A Persian Muslim, advised digging trenches around the city to hold the enemy hordes outside.
  • It took twenty days to complete digging.
  • Changed weather made the enemy flee in disarray.
hudaibiyah agreement
Hudaibiyah Agreement:
  • Prophet pbuh announced his intention for short pilgrimage (Umrah).
  • Hudaibiyah.
  • Quraish made it issue of prestige and pride.
  • Agreement was apparently against the Muslms.
  • News of victory by Allah:

“Surely we have granted you a clear victory.” (48:1)

the conquest of makkah
The Conquest of Makkah:
  • Bnu Bakar attacked Banu Khuzaah
  • Hudaibiyah treaty declared null and void.
  • Prophet pbuh declared a general amnesty for the entire community of Makkah.
  • The Prophet pbuh stayed in Makkah until the 6th Shawal in the eight year of the Hijrah.
the farewell address
The Farewell address:
  • Farewell speech at Arafat.
  • This speech was one of the most memorable in the whole history of Islam.
  • “Today I have perfected your religion for you,

completed my favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as the way of your life.”(5:3)

the sad news
The Sad News:
  • Back in Madinah, the Prophet pbuh was taken ill.
  • “Muhammad is but a messenger and messenger have passed away before him. Will it be that when he dies or is slain you will turn back on your heels? He who turns back does no harm to Allah and Allah will reward the thankful.”(3:144)
  • 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal, 11 AH at age of sixty-three.
arafah 9 dhul hijjah
Arafah - 9 Dhul-Hijjah

Follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and join the Dhuhr and ‘Asr prayers regardless of whether you pray in the Masjid, in your camp or any other location in Arafah.

After Salat move to your place inside the limits of Arafah, stand facing the Qiblah, raising your hands making Du'a and reciting Talbiyah.

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leaving arafah
Leaving Arafah

Make sure you don’t leave until after sunset.

Caution: Some Hajj operators ask the pilgrims to get in the buses before sunset to get ready to leave after sunset. This is considered as leaving before sunset, because getting ready to leave is considered the time of leaving even though you may not pass the limits of Arafah until after sunset.

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muzdalifah 10 dhul hijjah
Muzdalifah - 10 Dhul-Hijjah

Then you come to al-Mash'ar al-Haram (a small mountain in Muzdalifah) and climb upon it and face the Qiblah - then recite Takbeer, Tahleel, and make Du'a until the sky becomes very bright.

Then you leave for Mina before the sun rises, calmly while reciting Talbiyah.

When you come to the river valley of MuHassir (between Mina and Muzdalifah) you hurry if possible.

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mina 10 dhul hijjah
Mina - 10 Dhul-Hijjah(يوم الحج الأكبر)

You arrive to Mina the morning of the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah.

This is the busiest day of Hajj. You will be doing the following:

Stone Jamrat al-'Aqabah

Sacrifice an animal

Shave or trim off your hair

Go to Makkah to do Tawaf al-Ifadah & Sa'y and come back to Mina

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makkah 10 dhul hijjah tawaf az ziyarah
Makkah - 10 Dhul-HijjahTawaf az-ziyarah

Then you go off that day to Makkah and make Tawaf al-IfaDah in the same way as in the Tawaf of arrival, except that there is no Idtiba’ (uncovering right shoulder) or Ramal (bold walk) in this Tawaf.

Pray two Rak'at behind Maqaam Ibraheem, if possible, or anywhere in the Masjid if not.

Tawaf al-Ifadah is also called Tawaf az-Ziyarah or Tawaf al-Hajj.

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makkah 10 dhul hijjah sa y between safa marwa
Makkah - 10 Dhul-HijjahSa’y between Safa & Marwa

Then you do Sa’y between the Safa and Marwa as before.

After Tawaf al-Ifadah you are in a state of complete TaHallul (التحلل الأكبر). All restrictions of Ihram are lifted.

Drink from Zamzam.

Return to Mina.

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makkah last day
Makkah - Last day

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: "None of you should depart until he makes his last act Tawaf of the House."

Farewell Tawaf (al-Wada’) is an obligatory act on everyone except menstruating women who are excused.

The prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to carry Zamzam water with him in water skins and containers, and he used to pour it upon the sick and give it to them to drink.

When you finish the Tawaf you leave the Masjid walking normally - not backwards.

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merits of madinah
Merits of Madinah

It is the land of the Prophet's migration (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

Its people are his neighbors and supporters.

It is the abode of Faith, for to it returns Faith at the end of time.

At its entrances, there are Guardian Angels. Neither the Dajjaal nor the Plague will be admitted to it.

It will be the last city in the world to be ruined.

It is the land of Revelation.

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merits of madinah1
Merits of Madinah

Allah's Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) made these supplications:

O Allah! Make Madinah as dear to us as You made Makkah dear or more. (1)

O Allah! Increase in Madinah twice the blessing (Thou showered) upon Makkah. (2)

O Allah! Bless our Madinah, bless us in our Sa` and Mudd, and make twice Thy blessing. (3)

Let him die in Madinah who can do so.

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masjid quba
Masjid Quba

The prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to go to Masjid Quba on Saturday morning and pray two Rak'at there. In a Hadith, he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said that doing so is equivalent to performing a Umra.

Masjid Quba is located south of Madinah at 2.34 miles (3.75km) from the Prophet’s Masjid.

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al masjid an nabawi
Al-Masjid An-Nabawi

Salat in the Masjid of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is better than 1000 Salat elsewhere, except Al-Masjid Al-Haram.

Salat in the expansions of the Masjid has the same merit as Salat in the original Masjid.

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visiting the prophet s grave 1
Visiting the Prophet’s grave (1)

The etiquette of entering the Prophet’s Masjid is the same as any other Masjid. Enter with the right foot, say the Du’a and pray Tahiyyatul-Masjid.

Walk respectfully with calmness, and say salam to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) when you get in front of the first big hole in the middle section of the brass screen.

Move to the next small hole and say salam to Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq (رضي الله عنه).

Move to the third small hole and say salam to ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (رضي الله عنه).

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