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Basic Sentence. Definition of a complete Sentence. Finite verb forms are simply those that show Agreement with person and number Tense Voice Modality. 1. Agreement with person and number. anybody e v erybody someone a nyone everyone s omebody anything e verything something

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definition of a complete sentence
Definition of acomplete Sentence

Finite verb forms are simply those that show

  • Agreement with person and number
  • Tense
  • Voice
  • Modality














each + นามเอกพจน์

either + นามเอกพจน์

neither +นามเอกพจน์

each of + นามพหูพจน์

either of + นามพหูพจน์

neither of +นามพหูพจน์

every + นามเอกพจน์

คำต่อไปนี้ถือเป็นเอกพจน์ เมื่อมาเป็นประธานของประโยค ต้องใช้กริยาเอกพจน์เสมอ ได้แก่
Examples :
  • My lifeis still the same, busy and happy.
  • Many people often ask me how many hours I spend setting my hair.
  • Weare good friends.
  • Somebodyis in the room.
  • Neitherofmy sistersismarried. 
  • Either ofusisto clean up the house after the party tonight.
2 tense
2. Tense
  • I go to school by car. (present sim.)
  • He haslived here since his mother died.(present perfect.)
  • He hasbeenspeaking for 3 hours. (present perfect con.)
  • They played volleyball last week.

(past sim.)

  • I wasplaying football at 4 pm. yesterday.

(past con.)

3 voice
3. Voice
  • Passive Voice คือ ประโยคที่ประธานเป็นผู้ถูกกระทำด้วยกริยา be + past participle เช่น
  • Bread iseaten by John.
  • English had beenbeingtaught for many years by them when I started school.
  • Active Voice คือ ประโยคที่ประธานเป็นผู้กระทำกริยา เช่น
  • The teacher punisher punishes the boy.
4 modality
4. Modality

เป็นกริยาช่วยซึ่งนำมาใช้ร่วมกับคำกริยาหลัก Modals จะต้องเป็นกริยาช่องที่ 1 หรือ กริยาไม่มี to [Infinitive without ‘to’] เท่านั้น ไม่สามารถใช้กริยารูปอื่นๆที่ได้จากการเปลี่ยนรูปโดยเติม

-ing, - ed, -s,es ฯลฯ

  • Big Johnwillbe in Chiang Mai on Halloween.
  • ShouldI go there with them?
  • Shewill nevergive up hope.
non finite verb
Non-finite Verb

ส่วนมากจะทำหน้าที่ประกอบหรือ ขยาย (Predicate) กริยาแท้ (Finite Verb)

  • เป็นรูปของInfinitiveได้แก่ To+V.1
  • She likes to walk to school early morning.  
  • That baby learns to speak with his mother.
non finite verb1
Non-finite Verb

2. เป็นรูปของGerund

  • They need sleeping in the night.  
  • I prefer speaking to writing.  

3. เป็นรูปของParticiple 

  • Have you read the story written by me?  
  • She does not want a used car.  
sentence components
Sentence Components

1. “Subject”tell who or what the sentence is about.

major basic sentence patterns
Major Basic Sentence Patterns
  • S+V+SC
  • Subject+ Linking Verb + Subject Complement (SVSC)

The last sentence pattern includes a subject plus a linking verb (is, are, were, was, am, will be, being, been) plus the subject complement, which can be a noun or an adjective.

  • In this pattern, the verb is not followed by any Object.

3. S+V+O

other sentence patterns
Other Sentence Patterns
  • There is/There are/There was/There were

Examples :

  • There is a book on the table.

(A book is on the table.)

  • There are dogs under the tree.

(Dogs are under the tree.)

  • There was a cat near the school yesterday.

( A cat was near the school yesterday.)

  • There were a lot ofpeople at the meeting yesterday.

( A lot of people were at the meeting yesterday.)

2 here is here are
2. Here is/Here are

Examples :

  • Here is Udom’s house.

(Udom’s houseis here.)

  • Here are tall buildings.

(Tall buildingsare here.)

If the subject is a pronoun (he, she, it, they, you, we, I) there will be no inversion of the subject and verb.

  • Here you are.
  • Here she comes.
3 inversion of subject and verb
3. Inversion of subject and verb
  • The sentence begins with a negative word :
  • Never have I felt like this before.

(I have never felt like this before.)

  • Hardly had we started when it began to rain.

(We had hardly stared when it began to rain.)

2. The sentence begins with an adverb :

  • Solemnly the minister addressed her congregation.

(The minister solemnly addressed her congregation.)

  • Little did she eat.

(She ate little.)

The sentence begins with a prepositional phrase :
  • Inside the cupboardare the tins of soup and food.
  • At the street cornerwere two burglars.

Interrogative sentence :

  • Where are the instructions for the new refrigerator?

(The instructions for the new refrigerator are somewhere.)

4. The sentence begins with some parts of verb :
  • Located on Morocco’s Atlantic coat was the port of an ancient town.

(The port of an ancient town was located on Morocco’s Atlantic coast.)

sentence types
Sentence Types
  • Declarative sentence
  • Interrogative sentence
  • Imperative sentence
  • Exclamatory sentence
1 declarative sentence
1. Declarative sentence
  • Affirmative statement
  • Sue is going to school on foot. 
  • Mike is riding his bicycle to school.
  • Negative statement
  • Sandy never played tennis on Saturdays.
  • Peter seldom goes to the beach on Sundays. 
2 interrogative sentence
2. Interrogative sentence

2.1 Yes-No question

1. with be

  • Is that our new English teacher?
  • Are you from Thailand?
  • with main verb
  • Doeshe walk to school?  
  • Do you play badminton?
  • with auxiliary verb
  • Can he speak English?
2 interrogative sentence1
2. Interrogative sentence

2.2 Wh-question (who, whom, what, when, where, how, which, whose, why)

  • Whose bookare you reading ?
  • Which bookdid you buy ?
  • What animalslive on plants? 
  • Whenwill they arrive ?
3 imperative sentence
3. Imperative sentence
  • Don't forget to bring the book.
  • Never forget to do your homework.
  • Be quiet!
  • Wake me up at six.
4 exclamatory sentence
4. Exclamatory sentence
  • How lovely you are! 
  • How funny he looks! 
  • What beautiful hair she has!
  • Wasn't that delicious soup!
  • What lovely roses! 
  • How slow this bus is!