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AIDS/HIV in Africa. By Emma Applebome and Bianca Fernandez. Facts about AIDS in Africa. Scientists determined that AIDS originated in Central Africa around 1930 More than 70% of the victims of AIDS were Africans A quarter of the people who have died from AIDS were children

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AIDS/HIV in Africa

By Emma Applebome

and Bianca Fernandez


Facts about AIDS in Africa

  • Scientists determined that AIDS originated in Central Africa around 1930
  • More than 70% of the victims of AIDS were Africans
  • A quarter of the people who have died from AIDS were children
  • Many children have become orphans as a result of the AIDS epidemic in Africa
  • Average infection rates in teenage

African girls were over five times

higher than that of African boys

HIV/AIDS Orphans statistics


Facts about AIDS in Africa Continued

  • Less than 1% of Africans with AIDS are

receiving some kind of drug therapy

  • Over 30% of young Southern African women believe a healthy-looking person cannot carry AIDS.
  • 50% South African women didn’t know that using a condom can limit the changes of getting AIDS
  • 90% of Africans with AIDS don’t know that they have it

A time line of AIDS in Africa

The FDA approves the use of ddC, dideoxcytidine, marking the first successful combination drug therapy for AIDS treatment

2004-South Africa begins to provide free retrovirals in Hospitals

2001-Aids is officially the leading cause of death in Sub-Saharan Africa

2003-President George W. Bush says he plans to spend $15 billion in over 5 years to fights AIDS in Africa and the Caribbean

1998-Gugu Diamini, an AIDS activist, is beaten to death by her neighbors after announcing she had HIV on Zulu TV


Effect of AIDS on the economy

  • Most of the people who die from AIDS are of the working age
  • It is estimated that 24 African countries lose .5% to 1.2% of per capita growth every year
  • Creates debt from the world bank
  • As number of AIDS cases in a country increases, so does the poverty level of the country-As a result of the poverty level rising there are less children in school so less potential skilled workers
  • Less farm goods are produced
  • AIDS is expected to shrink the national economy by as much as $22 billion by 2010.

Estimated loss of agrigultural labour

force through AIDS in the

9 hardest hit African countries,



Reasons AIDS has been able to

spread so much in Africa

  • Africa contains much polyigamy. 1 in 3 women are in a polygamous relationship
  • Young girls often are in relationships with older men who are more likely to carry AIDS
  • The rate of AIDS in women are higher partly because of the lack of women’s rights. Rape cases are generally very high in number in Africa
  • There is much poverty and prostitution
  • The wars in Africa take focus away from fighting AIDS
  • It is believed that truckdrivers were the main people to spread AIDS around the continent

The spread of AIDS continued

  • Many people are not educated about AIDS and in Sub-Saharan Africa only 58% of children are enrolled in primary school
  • Some hospitals still use needles that aren’t sterilized
  • Contraceptives are very expensive and not used very often

What is the government doing to fight AIDS?

  • Many people criticize African leaders for not acknowledging and trying to prevent AIDS in its earlier stages
  • South Africa is beginning to provide free retrovirals in Hospitals
  • The President of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni, led a successful campaign to prevent AIDS called ABC-Abstinence, be faithful, or use condoms.
  • Kenya declared a full war of AIDS and is committed to treat 40,000 AIDS patients

What will happen if the AIDS

epidemic is ignored?

  • In 2020, when it is estimated that more than 85 million people will have died from HIV/AIDS
  • Society and economy in places such as sub-saharan Africa will collapse
  • It was announced at the Durban conference that in the next 10 years, life expectancy in Botswana is expected to fall to 29 years, 30 years in Swaziland, and 33 years in Namibia and Zimbabwe. Without AIDS, life expectancy would be about 70 years in those countries
  • The food supply will go down drastically. In 2002 and 2003 there was a famine in South Africa, primary caused by AIDS