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Results Management and Results Measurement—Both Needed to Achieve Development Outcomes. Ray C. Rist The World Bank Washington, D.C. Successful Development Requires An Effective and Efficient Public Sector

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results management and results measurement both needed to achieve development outcomes

Results Management and Results Measurement—Both Needed to Achieve Development Outcomes

Ray C. Rist

The World Bank

Washington, D.C.

slide2
Successful Development Requires An Effective and Efficient Public Sector
  • But of course, easier said than done: Consider just these six dimensions and their challenges

-Strengthening/Reforming Existing Administrative Systems

- Building in Accountability

- Providing Transparency

- Delivering Fundamental Public Goods

- Ensuring the Rule of Law

- Allocating Resources Effectively

results based management is a powerful tool to support the transformation of the public sector
Results-Based Management Is A Powerful Tool To Support The Transformation of the Public Sector
  • Shifts from an input-activity-output focus to a focus on the outcomes of public sector actions and initiatives
  • Responds to elected officials and the publics demands for accountability
  • Stresses knowledge and learning through continuous improvements
slide4
Emphasizes effective resource allocations
  • Provides information to help answer the “so what” question of intended government actions
  • Also helps developing countries assess if they are using their scarce resources most appropriately
  • But recognize this is a political process with technical dimensions – not vice versa
the power of measuring results
The Power of Measuring Results
  • If you do not measure results, you can not tell success from failure
  • If you can not see success, you can not reward it
  • If you can not reward success, you are probably rewarding failure
  • If you can not see success, you can not learn from it
  • If you can not recognize failure, you can not correct it
  • If you can demonstrate results, you can win public support
but what s different about this type of management
But What’s Different About This Type of Management?
  • Traditional management focuses onimplementation
    • This involves tracking inputs ($$, resources, strategies), activities (what actually took place) and outputs (the products or services produced)
    • This approach focuses on monitoring how well a project, program or policy is being implemented
    • Often used to assess compliance with workplans and budget
ten steps to designing building and sustaining a results based monitoring and evaluation system

8

Ten Steps to Designing, Building and Sustaining a Results-Based Monitoring and Evaluation System

Planning for Improvement — Selecting Results Targets

Selecting Key Indicators to Monitor Outcomes

Conducting a Readiness Assessment

The Role of Evaluations

Using Your Findings

1

2

3

4

5

6

9

7

10

Reporting Your Findings

Agreeing on Outcomes to Monitor and Evaluate

Baseline Data on Indicators—Where Are We Today?

Monitoring for Results

Sustaining theM&E System Within Your Organization

reasons to do results based m e
Reasons to Do Results-Based M&E
  • Provides crucial information about public sector performance
  • Provides a view over time on the status of a project, program, or policy
  • Promotes credibility and public confidence by reporting on the results of programs
  • Helps formulate and justify budget requests
  • Identifies potentially promising programs or practices
reasons to do results based m e cont
Reasons to Do Results-Based M&E (cont.)
  • Focuses attention on achieving outcomes important to the organization and its stakeholders
  • Provides timely, frequent information to staff
  • Helps establish key goals and objectives
  • Permits managers to identify and take action to correct weaknesses
  • Supports a development agenda that is shifting towards greater accountability for aid lending
moving to results based management is a global trend
Moving to Results Based Management is a Global Trend
  • Governments are improve the efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery by increasing their accountability to their citizens (citizens as clients)
  • Governments are setting outcomes for public sector programs with explicit theories of change
  • Governments are now monitoring performance against these outcomes
moving to results based management is a global trend cont d
Moving to Results Based Management is a Global Trend(cont’d)
  • Governments are now evaluating why outcomes are being achieved or not
  • Managers are judged by their programs’ performance, not their control of inputs
  • Governments are establishing links between policy formulation, budget, and financial management
international experience
International Experience

Evidence suggests ten key elements are essential to making a transformation:

  • A clear mandate to do so
  • Presence of strong leadership at senior levels of government
  • Building a system that produces reliable information
  • Evident rationale and incentives for change

5. Links to budget/resource allocation processes

key elements continued
Key elements (continued)

6. Involvement of civil society

7. Pockets of innovation and use of pilots

8. Keep the system relatively simple and user friendly

9. Explicit theories of change—clarity on assumptions of attribution

10. Monitor both implementation progress and results achievement.

developing countries have important challenges in building and using results based management
Developing Countries Have Important Challenges In Building and UsingResults-Based Management
  • Difficulties in defining goals and strategies that link national, regional and local governments by sector
  • Increasing weaknesses apparent in government administrations further from the center
  • Weak or no links between performance and a public expenditure framework
challenges continued
Challenges (continued)
  • Weak or no incentives for Government managers to change from wanting to control inputs (whoever has the most toys wins!)
  • Government systems lack sufficient administrative and organizational structures to use M&E information for planning, management, and resource allocation decisions
  • Lack of capacity to design, create, and maintain credible information systems
fundamental questions continued
Fundamental questions (continued)
  • What management framework exists in government to oversee introduction of M&E system?
  • What has to happen for M&E information to be linked to budget/resource allocation decisions?
  • Is M&E information being collected (inside or outside of government) to assess government performance on any dimensions?
  • What is existing capacity – both institutional and technical?
getting started some policy considerations
Getting Started…Some Policy Considerations
  • Single or multiple M&E systems
  • Piloting (Or not?)
  • Scope of introduction- whole of government- sector specific
  • Who is the champion and what is the level of political capital available to expend
  • Managing expectations on what can be delivered