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Population Patterns. Chapter 9 Section 1. Human Characteristics. Jap.-Braz. film director. About 570 million ppl (2008) Most practice Roman Catholicism!! Many ethnic groups: Amerindians (Natives/ Indigenous) Europeans (Span, Port, & French started) Argentina & Uruguay = immigrant nations

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population patterns

Population Patterns

Chapter 9 Section 1

human characteristics
Human Characteristics

Jap.-Braz. film director

  • About 570 million ppl (2008)
  • Most practice Roman Catholicism!!
  • Many ethnic groups:
    • Amerindians (Natives/ Indigenous)
    • Europeans (Span, Port, & French started)
      • Argentina & Uruguay = immigrant nations
    • Africans
    • Asians (Chinese in Peru & Japanese in Brazil)
      • Came to Latin America: 1800s, labored as temp. workers, stayed to form communities
human characteristics1
Human Characteristics
  • Blending of groups:
    • Mestizos: Europeans + Amerindians
      • (Mexico, Honduras, El Salv., Paraguay)
    • Mulattoes: Europeans + Africans
      • (Cuba, DR)
    • Zambos: African +

Amerindians

human characteristics2
Human Characteristics
  • Language:
    • Spanish = primary lengua (language)
    • Brazil: Portuguese
    • Haiti, Martinique, F.G.: French
    • Jamaica, Belize, Guyana: English
    • Do not speak exactly like Europeans—have own dialects, or forms of a language unique to a particular place or group
    • Native Languages spoken in some parts of C & S America
human characteristics3
Human Characteristics
  • Lang. cont’d
    • Most people are bilingual, speak two languages (European & another language)
      • Some speak a form of Patois- dialects that blend indigenous, European., African, and Asian.
population
Population
  • Prediction: 800 million by 2050 (Growth @ 55%)
  • Problem b/c geog. limits where people live
    • Temperature extremes
    • Dense rainforests
    • Mountains
    • Arid deserts

Pop. lives on only 1/3 of land

population1
Population
  • Populated Rim of South America:
    • Most live on coast
      • Why not interior? Why coast?
        • Interior: rain forests, deserts & mountains  harsh conditions, poor soil  lack of human settlement
        • Coast: good climate, fertile land, easy access to transportation
    • E. Coast is most populated
    • N & W: Caracas to Santiago is next
    • Few live on NE coast (too tropical—hot & rainy) & few in far S (Patagonia—climate & land = harsh)
population2
Population
  • To get people to the interior, Braz. govn’t moved capital from Rio de Janerio to Brasilia (1960s!!)
population3
Population
  • Density: don’t forget about size of country! (important factor of pop density)
    • Ecuador= 118 ppl/sq. mile
    • Brazil= 52 ppl/sq. mile
      • Big area: less people per square mile (not crunched together)
    • Barbados= 1,807 ppl/sq. mile
    • Mexico: world’s most populous Spanish-speaking country, #2 populated country in Latin America (#1 = Brazil)
population4
Population
  • Greater Mexico City is world’s 2nd most populous metro area (19.2 mil)
    • Tokyo is 1st (35.5 mil)
  • Sao Paulo is largest city in LA & 2nd in world (10 mil)
    • Seoul is largest (10.2 mil)
migration
Migration
  • Reason to move N to US:
    • better living conditions
    • pol. Freedom
    • escape pol. unrest
  • Mostly from MX, Cen. Am., and Caribbean
    • Most move to CA, TX, NY, FL, and IL
migration1
Migration
  • “Coyotes”- those who help to illegally smuggle people, esp. from MX
    • Multibillion $ business
    • Some do it to help
    • Others are ruthless and violent
migration2
Migration
  • “Wet foot” vs. “Dry foot”
    • For Cuban immigrants
    • Make it to land, they’re granted asylum (immunity) from communist Cuba
      • Can apply for citizenship
    • Those caught in water are sent back
migration3
Migration
  • Seven Mile Bridge
    • Connects mainland to FL islands
    • Damaged multiple times from hurricanes
    • If Cubans make it to old part/piers that are no longer connected sent back to Cuba (not on US soil)
migration4
Migration
  • Internal Migration:
    • Rural to urban for jobs
      • Fertile land is scarce or not shared by wealthy
      • MX City, Rio & Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires- most urbanized in population
    • Cities have grown as they have absorbed other cities & suburbs, creating megacities (pop. of 18mil+)—Mexico City
    • Stresses cities resources (fresh water, sewers, utilities, HOUSING)
migration5

in Rio de Janeiro

Migration
  • Common pattern:

Move to city for job 

Rural ppl lack edu./ skills for good job 

Housing, schools & health care strained

No $ to return to village 

Forced to live in poverty w/ poor housing 

Families split under stress 

Many homeless children

migration6
Migration
  • Moving to other LA countries
    • Leave mostly to escape substandard conditions
    • DR is in bad shape…many move to NYC (800,000 in 80s) or PR (200,000 in 80s) waiting to get into US
    • Haitians moving to DR stress resources