MLA CITATIONS Works Cited Page
Welcome! This tutorial takes about 20 minutes to complete.At the end of the tutorial, the tutorial will ask you to submit answers toquestions that will be graded and sent to your instructor.If you have any questions on how to use this tutorial, please ask the Reference Librarian for help.
Why Use Citations? When you write research papers for your classes, you will be asked to cite the information you use. According to the Bedford Researcher, "Research writers documenttheir sources to avoid plagiarism, demonstrate accountability to others who have written about a topic, and create a record of their work that others can follow and build upon" (283). For more information about plagiarism, you can work through the tutorial Plagiarism: What It Is and How to Avoid it after you have completed this tutorial. This tutorial is available from the Library Web page under:
What is a Citation? Citations identify the sources used in a research paper, such as books, articles, reports, web sites, etc. A citation will usually include the author, the title, publication place and date. In the case of an article it will also include journal title, volume and issue number, and page number(s). The citation information is used to help the reader locate the sources used in writing the research paper.
Within your paper you will use in-textcitations for the information you include from outside sources. To learn more about in-text citations, please see the MLA In-Text Citation tutorial . This tutorial is available from the Library Web page under: Tutorials & Quizzes
What is MLA? MLA (The Modern Language Association) publishes rules for citations. These rules are published in the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Copies of the publication are available in all three Montgomery College Libraries. MLA also has a Web page that provides further citation information. The URL is http://www.mla.org
BEWARE! Which MLA citation format you use depends on the kind of information you are using! Below are just a few examples of the different information formats available. Each format will have specific citation rules to be followed. Books Journals Magazines Newspapers Internet Interviews E-mail
REMEMBER! MLA has specific rules that you must follow for each type of information source and each source has specific parts included in the citation. The following pages will give you examples of different information sources and how to cite them correctly using MLA format. Only a few examples are given. Depending on the type of information you are including, use the handouts or MLA publication to locate the proper MLA format for your works cited page.
BOOKS A citation entry for a book contains the following pieces of information. Author Title Place of Publication Publisher Date of Publication
Example of a Book Citation Foehr, Stephen. Jamaican Warriors. London: Sanctuary, 2000. Print. Where do you find this information? Either in the book itself!
Or from the record in the MC Library Catalog!(See the MC Catalog Record Below)
Example of a Book Citation Foehr, Stephen. Jamaican Warriors: Reggae, Roots & Culture. London: Sanctuary, 2000. Print. NOTICE: The title of the book is italicized! Every word of the title is capitalized!
BooksWARNING! Books vary as to the citation information available. Some books have one author, other books have more than one author or no author. Follow the MLA rules for citing number of authors! Examples are below: One Author: Foehr, Stephen Two Authors: Foehr, Stephen, and John Smith Three or More Authors: Foehr, Stephen, et. al.
Journals and Magazine Articles Articles can be found in paper copies of magazines and journals or through electronic databases available from the Library Web page. Most of you will use the database for your research. The following is an example of how to cite an article from a database.
Journal and Magazine Articles Like books, there are certain pieces of information about the article that you need to include in a citation. Author(s) – Last Name, First Name “Title of Article” (In quotation marks) Title of Journal or Magazine (Italicized) Volume (If available) Issue (If available) Year Page(s) Name of Database (Italicized) Web Date Retrieved Information (Day Month Year)
Journal and Magazine ArticlesYou can find the citation information from the record on the database!Can you figure out the different parts of this citation information from this article found in the database Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center?
Example of an Article Citation Johansen, Bruce E. “The Carbon Footprint of War .” The Progressive. 73.10 (2009): 27-28. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 3 Dec. 2009. Notice: Title of the article has includes “ ”. Title of the journal is italicized. There is a period between the volume and issue number. Database name is italicized.
Web Pages Web pages also have certain rules to follow using MLA format. Information provided for citation purposes will depend on the Web page you are using. Remember! Depending on the Web page, you may not find all the pieces you need for a citation. It depends on what information the author of the page has provided. You can only cite what you find on the page!
Web Pages • Following are some basic rules to remember: • If no author is named on the Web page, start with the title of • the piece. • List the date you access the Web page because Web pages • are often updated. • Information available on one date may no longer be available • later. • Always print out Web sources so that you have a record for • your entry on the Works Cited list. • Web pages are more difficult to cite because it depends on the information provided!
Web Pages If available, include the following citation information: Author/Creator – Last Name, First Name “Title of Page or Document” (In quotation marks) Title of Web Site (Italicize) Publisher or Sponsor of the Site Date of Publication (use n.d. if no date provided) Web Date Retrieved (Day Month Year)
E Example of a Web Citation Format: Last Name, First Name. “Title of Page.” Title of Web site. Publisher or sponsor of the site (Use n.p. if not available). Date of Publication. Web. Date Retrieved (Day Month Year). Example: Mathis, Sommer. “Train Detector Circuit.” Dcist.Gothamist LLC, 1 July 2009. Web. 1 August 2009.
Works Cited Page Now that you have completed researching your topic and writing your paper – you will need to include all the resources in your Works Cited page! WHAT IS IT? The works cited page includes full publication information for the sources you used in your research paper. This allows the reader to locate and read the original source!
Format of a Works Cited Page How do you format the Works Cited page? • All citations on the works cited list should be alphabetized by the first word of the citation. Usually the author’s last name. If there is not an author, alphabetize by the first main word in the title. (Ignore A, An, or The) • Double space all of the citations . Do not add extra spaces. Each new line is double spaced. • Use the hanging indent format. Each new citation line is flush left and the following text is indented 5 to 7 spaces. Example: Foehr, Stephen. “Jamaican Warriors: Reggae, Roots & Culture. London: Sanctuary, 2000. Print.
Example of a Works Cited Page Works Cited Foehr, Stepehn. Jamaican Warrors: Reggae, Roots & Culture. London: Sanctuary, 2000. Print. Johansen, Bruce E. “The Carbon Footprint of War.” The Progressive 73.10 (2009): 27-28. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 3 Dec. 2009. Mathis, Sommer. “Train Detector Circuit.” Dcist. Gothamist LLC, 1 July 2009. Web. 1 August 2009.
Conclusion You do not need to memorize the MLA rules. You just need to find the proper format for the resource and write the citation according to the example. Examples are available from the Library Home page ! You can also print out the various handouts. If you have questions about citations, please see a Reference Librarian or the Reading and Writing Center at your campus!
This tutorial was developed by the Montgomery College Libraries, 2010. click here to take the MLA Quiz