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Enterprise Architecture in Defence. Katie de Bourcier Director Information Exploitation 24 th Feb 2009. A non-technical perspective on EA. It’s about Understanding the business Sharing that understanding Seeing how we can do our business better It helps in making decisions about

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Enterprise Architecture in Defence

Katie de Bourcier

Director Information Exploitation

24th Feb 2009

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A non-technical perspective on EA

  • It’s about

    • Understanding the business

    • Sharing that understanding

    • Seeing how we can do our business better

  • It helps in making decisions about

    • Structures

    • Processes

    • Human factors

    • Information solutions

    • Or any other aspect of the organisation or activity

  • It’s a means to an end – does it pass the “so what” test?

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Defence – the Challenge

  • Changing nature of the threat – international terrorism – demands a joined-up response across:

    • The three Services and the MOD Civil Service

    • Government

    • Allies and coalition partners

  • Continuing pressure to improve departmental efficiency and focus resources on the front line

  • Drive to increase departmental effectiveness

    • Capability Review in 2007, re-review currently underway

    • Internal transformation programmes

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Information is the Key

  • Effective management, assurance and exploitation of information recognised as fundamental to achieving Defence objectives

    • Integrating sensors, decision-makers, and weapons in the battlespace

    • Increasing interoperability nationally and internationally

    • Optimizing the use of resources in a robust operational support structure

    • Improving information-sharing and decision-making in the non-operational environment

    • Ensuring effective performance measurement and a clear audit trail for decisions and actions

  • A new Government Knowledge and Information Management strategy – “Information Matters” – launched November 2008

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Enterprise Architecture in Defence

  • EA in Defence has been developing since 2004 –

    • Prompted by the Network Enabled Capability Programme

    • Original focus on equipment acquisition and support domain, with a strong systems engineering focus

    • MODAF developed as the MOD’s architecture framework

  • Recognition that this was not full use of the potential of enterprise architecture to put technical solutions in the context of business objectives, strategy and process

    • Set up programme to promote wider exploitation of EA – pilot projects carried out to test the concept

  • Now seen as key part of future role of the MOD CIO

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Testing EA in Defence- Casualty Information Management

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Casualty Information Management - Background

  • Pilot project to evaluate EA to address real issue of managing information about operational casualties from the battlefield back to NHS hospitals in the UK

  • Complex:

    • Global

    • Multinational

    • Multiple agencies

    • Multiple stakeholder perspectives (eg clinical, personnel management)

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The Approach

  • Strategic goals and approved doctrine used to model the “As should be” architecture

  • Observation in the field used to derive the “As is” process

  • Analysis used to develop a proposed architecture for improved casualty information management

  • Proposals validated with medical and other stakeholders

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ISAF RC(South) J3/J4 Med Ops HQ Kandahar

Battle Group HQ

Permanent Joint HQ

MOD Centre / DCMC

Patrol Commander

Combat Medical Team


Welfare Co-ord NSCCC Innsworth


Combined Military / NHS Hospitals (UK)

Medical Emergency Response Team

Role 2 Field Hospital

National HQ RC(South) HQ Kandahar



Selly Oak

AeroMed Evacuation

Medical Care

Rehabilitation Headley Court

Casualty Tracking Pilot Study

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Outcomes from the Pilot

  • Replacement field hospital system developed and rolled out quickly (47 days) – continuity from outgoing system

  • Required architectures (business process and technical solution) must be developed in a coherent manner

  • People are critical to the process - wall to wall IT is not always the best solution:

    • Post-it notes on a white board visually more effective than laptops

    • Satellite phones made medical evacuation tasking more effective - allows in-flight reprioritisation

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MODAF-The MOD’s Architecture Framework

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  • Developed by the MOD from US DoDAF - extended and modified to support EA approach to planning and change management in MOD.

  • Provided the template against which NATO Architecture Framework version 3.0 has been developed.

  • Now used by a wide range of government and industry organisations . . .

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Who Uses MODAF ?

UK Ministry of Defence & its suppliers

Thales, BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin, Serco, Boeing, General Dynamics, etc. etc.

Intelligence Services

GCHQ and others

National Air Traffic Control (NATS)

Swedish Armed Forces

Critical National Infrastructure

UK e-borders project

Adapted by NATO to become NAF Rev 3

MODAF has since moved on with the release of v1.2

V1.2 uses the same SOA meta-model elements as NAF