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E-Governance Model and Tools for Managing Cultural Heritage in Urban Tourist Destinations: The Case of Genoa. Aline Chiabai Krassimira Shapira Paskaleva Livio Chiarullo ITAS Lorena Rocca FEEM. Bologna 29/06/2007.
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E-Governance Model and Tools for Managing Cultural Heritage in Urban Tourist Destinations: The Case of Genoa
Aline Chiabai Krassimira ShapiraPaskaleva
Livio Chiarullo ITAS
Existing ‘top-down’ approaches of defining and managing the “objectively recognised heritage” of cultural tourist destinations, often fail to employ effectively diverse local assets for the sustainable and competitive development of the Community.
ICT can help create user-friendly interfaces in cultural destinations, linking heritage with tourism, in order to:
Promote the value of European cultural heritage assets
Extend participation and public engagement in the decision making, using the ‘e-governance’ paradigm, according to a bottom-up approachConceptual framework
Case study: application of the Model to the City of Genoa, Italy.
Part of the current EU FP6 Project ISAAC (Integrated e-Services for Advanced Access to Heritage in Cultural Tourist Destinations)
multi-disciplinary research initiative aiming to valorise the cultural assets as tourism resources through user-friendly and stakeholder-relevant integrated e-services in urban tourist destinations.EU FP6 Project ISAAC Objectives
means promoting a territorial governance which look at the local community (different social actors) as a co-protagonist in the definition of the different rules an as a promoter of the possibilities for local development
Using ICT tools
Suggest a ‘Compromise’ between the image of the city as promoted by the decision-makers and the vision that visitors and residents have of the territoryIntegrated Methodological Approach
The outsidersor tourists, are those who use the territory in their free time (for amusement, sport, visiting monuments, participating in events…), but they do not live in the territory.
The insider stakeholdersare the collective actors which can be private (local associations, tourist agencies, ICT providers) – or public (municipalities, the department of cultural heritage, museums, tourist information centre, public transport).
The outsiderstakeholdersare the public authorities at a higher level which have political-administrative responsibilities over the territory, and international associations (eg. for the conservation of historical and artistic heritage, UNESCO).The social actors concerned
To increase the involvement of all the social actors who produce new knowledge about the territory. This objective aims to identify network nodes and to create a “network of the territory” and a “virtual territorial network”: a virtual meeting place where territorial identity can mature through a continuous exchange between real and virtual territories.
To create an innovative model for surveying the territory and for suggesting strategies and actions.
To promote the diffusion of a culture of responsibility for the place where a person lives.
To use and test New Technologies and the Web as useful tools for implementing an e-participation process and to make the results of that process visible.1. The study e-governance web site www.isaac-genovaculture.eu
Informative area: to inform and sensitize people about local cultural heritage resources
Communicative area: uses new technologies to favour communication and critical reflection among citizens/tourists allowing a mutual learning process (sharing experiences)
Co-operative area: participatory process for developing urban cultural tourismWeb site structure and functions
Organised with in person meetings, followed by on-line activities (facilitated by a moderator)
Involve local social actors: citizens, tourists, decision makers and other stakeholders (municipality of Genoa, travel agencies, tourism information points, IT providers, transport, … )
Offer the opportunity to manage times and places for participation autonomously (adapt to each person’s needs)2. Innovative methodology for applying the participatory process in Genoa
Identifying the cultural resources in the territory from the different social actors’ viewpoints (discovering or rediscovering links with the territory, aspects of identity, sense of place and belonging to a territory).The potential merits
To identify what residents/tourists perceive as the territorial heritage in Genoa, taking into account cultural, tourist, historical, social, symbolic, traditional and environmental aspects, as well as people personal experience, affective and emotional factors (for both tangible and intangible “CH resources”: goods, landscape, activities).
To identify, for specific cultural goods, their contribution to the development of the community, weaknesses and possible actions for improvement.
To identify which on-line services (on the web) could be associated to specific cultural goods in Genoa and what added value they bring to the good itself.
To test the web site www.issac-genovaculture.eu as a support for the on-line activities of participation and as an tool for the e-governance framework development. In particular, the objective is to test if people accept this tool as a mean to communicate with the Municipality of Genoa and other stakeholders and to participate to decision-making, involving the cultural goods in Genoa.Phase 1 application:City of Genoa, April-May 2007
Working group discussion:
Selection of the most relevant sites for the Community and perceived added values
Identification of their contribution to the community, weaknesses and actions for improvementFACE-TO-FACE DISCUSSION
Definition of on-line services, presentation of a list of on-line services and discussion of concrete examples
To be delivered on the web (pc or kiosk)
On-line activities (questions) using the reserved area Geoblog of the web siteON-LINE DISCUSSION PHASE
The sites mentioned can be “goods” (museums, monuments, historical buildings…) or “landscape” (including environment).
Many sites have been linked with “activities” (events, expositions, etc).
Intangible values have been spontaneously mentioned and linked with specific sites or places (local traditions, symbolic value for past life, lifestyle, meeting point, etc). They may refer to goods or landscape. As regards tourists, this shows a tourist image who wish to know the history of the city and its past life, as well as its life, habits and traditions.
Perceived values for the territory: cultural/artistic, historical, environmental, social, tourist, traditional, symbolic, emotional.
A critical aspect which is often mentioned is the quality and quantity of information about the city.Interim results of the face-to-face discussions
Residents focus more on
e-participation services for discussing with other people about cultural events and sites, for proposing ideas about CH management, for monitoring the actions taken by the municipality
accessing updated information about programmed events in the city (exposition, concerts, cultural events, etc.)
Some participants noticed the importance of multiple combined on-line services related to specific type of cultural good (one-stop-shop).
On-line services have been suggested for tangible as well as for intangible “resources” (opportunity to spread local traditions, gastronomy, lifestyle….).
Kiosks providing different on-line services have been often suggested. This is seen as a solution to access on-line services when people are on the site visited.Interim results of the on-line discussion
The face-to-face discussion had positive results and has facilitated the subsequent on-line activities, namely participants’ involvement and interaction on the web
Geoblog has been appreciated and enjoyed as a tool for communicating
Durability of results
Depend on how much decision-makers/stakeholders accept to interact with citizens
Aim of the study is to encourage direct communication between citizens and decision-makers, and to consider citizens’ needs and requirements in the CH management and ICT related tools
Democratic decision-making and long-term aspects
Interactions between decision-makers/stakeholders and citizens might reduce existing conflicts between local authorities and residentsSummary conclusion
Methodology: Blended Focus Groups
Face-to-face discussion to identify perceived and added values of cultural sites from their perspective; to identify possible solutions to the questions raised by residents and tourists in the previous focus groups; to propose on-line services which respond to the requirements identified by residents and tourists taking into account current feasibility and economic efficiency
Evaluation of the on-line discussion using Geoblog tool
Timeframe: October-November 2007
Expected results: to make decision-makers and other stakeholders more aware of the potentiality of e-participation instruments in a context where a top-down approach has to combined with a bottom-up approach to respond to citizens’ needsNext phase
Aline Chiabai Krassimira Shapira Paskaleva
Task 1.4 leader Project Coordinator
Research team: Lorena Rocca Livio Chiarullo
Integrated e-Services for Advanced Access
to Heritage in Cultural Tourist Destinations