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Concepts, operationalization & measurement Week 3. Professor James Byrne. Week 3: Lecture outline. Literature review & Research Evaluation Question: Tips Clarifying Key Concepts: Definition Operationalization (Measurement ). Sourcing your Literature.

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Presentation Transcript
week 3 lecture outline
Week 3: Lecture outline
  • Literature review & Research Evaluation Question: Tips
  • Clarifying Key Concepts:
    • Definition
    • Operationalization
    • (Measurement)
sourcing your literature
Sourcing your Literature
  • Start off by searching key terms in Google & Google Scholar
    • This will help orient you in terms of gathering background info on your topic
  • Use the UML Library Online
    • Go into Portal
      • Select ‘Journals’ for academic journal articles

3

writing your literature review
Writing your literature review
  • Your literature review must do these things:
    • be organized around and related directly to the thesis or research question(s) you have been developing
    • synthesize results into a summary of what is and is not known
    • identify areas of controversy in the literature
    • formulate questions that need further research

4

funnel structure key points to include
Funnel Structure: Key points to include
  • Start broad; end narrow
    • What is the crime problem your chosen intervention seeks to address?
      • Why is this problem important to focus on?
    • What is the intervention you’ve chosen?
      • Why is this intervention important to focus on?
    • What are the aims of the intervention?
    • What does past research suggest about (the effectiveness of) this intervention?
      • Any controversial issues?
    • What is your research evaluation question(s)?
      • What are the key concepts that are included in your question?

5

literature review
Literature Review
  • Each piece of literature should be reviewed in terms of:
    • Aims / Research Questions addressed
    • Methods Used
    • Key Results
    • Your analysis of the study
      • Problems, Gaps, Limitations

6

research evaluation question s
Research Evaluation Question(s)
  • Your lit review should end with a presentation of your own research evaluation question & rationale
  • Your questions should be focused
    • Must include an intervention
    • That has been designed to address a crime problem
    • Must focus on evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention in terms of its specified goals
  • You must clearly define the concepts you are addressing in your research question(s)

7

definition of key concepts
Definition of Key Concepts
  • Conceptualization
    • What do you mean by the concept being studied?
  • If you are going to study sex offending and recidivism:
    • How do you define “sex offending”?
      • What type of offences will you focus on?
    • How do you define “recidivism”?
      • What parameters will you use to define it?
  • You need to specify and define ALL the key concepts you wish to study

8

operationalization measurement
Operationalization & Measurement
  • Operationalize your concepts
    • How do you expect to ‘observe’ your defined concept in operation so you can measure it?
  • Eg. Intervention addressing Fear and Violent Crime:
    • How will you operationalize fear of crime as you have defined it?
      • Operationalization - Self-reports from residents in an area
      • Measurement - Questionnaire item: how safe do you feel in your house, downtown at night, etc.
    • How will you operationalize violent crime?
      • Operationalization – incidents involving inter-personal violence in public places
      • Measure - Official QPS records of reported violent crime incidents in South Brisbane

9

progression of measurement steps
Progression of measurement steps

Conceptualization

Conceptual definition

Operational definition

Measurements in the real world

10

class discussion round
Class Discussion Round
  • What are the key concepts in your research evaluation question?
  • How will you define these concepts?
  • How do you think you might operationalize these concepts in order to measure them?

11

next week
Next Week
  • Assessment 1 is due !!!

12