Third Edition Understanding Terrorism Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Third Edition Understanding Terrorism Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues PowerPoint Presentation
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Third Edition Understanding Terrorism Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues

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Third Edition Understanding Terrorism Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues

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  1. Third EditionUnderstanding TerrorismChallenges, Perspectives, and Issues

  2. Part III The Terrorist Trade

  3. Chapter 10 Tools of the Trade Tactics and Targets of Terrorists

  4. Terrorist Objectives • Objectives, Victims, and Constituencies • The New Terrorism and New Objectives

  5. Terrorist Objectives(continued) • Objectives, Victims, and Constituencies • Typical objectives: • Changing the existing order. • Psychological disruption. • Social disruption. • Publicizing the Cause • Creating a revolutionary environment. • Victims and constituencies: • Politically apathetic people. • Government and its allies. • Potential supporters. • Confirmed supporters.

  6. Terrorist Objectives(continued) • The New Terrorism and New Objectives • Weapons of mass destruction and objectives. • Attracting attention. • Pleasing God. • Damaging economies. • Influencing enemies. • Cases: • The Covenant, the Sword, and the Arm of the Lord. • RamziYousef. • AumShinrikyo.

  7. Constituencies and Enemies

  8. Terrorist Methods • Asymmetrical Warfare • Unconventional, unexpected, and unpredictable methods. • Netwar. • Chain networks. • Star, hub, or wheel neworks. • All-channel networks. • Case: The “martyr nation” as an asymmetrical strategy

  9. Terrorist Methods(continued) • Common Methods • Recurrent tactics and weapons: • Bombings. • Sidearms. • Kidnappings. • Hijackings. • Signature methods. • Case: Kneecapping.

  10. Terrorist Methods(continued) • Weapons Old and New • Firearms. • Explosives. • Triggers. • Types of bombs. • Weapons of mass destruction (WMD). • Case: The suicide bombers.

  11. Types of Terrorist Events in the U.S. 1980-2001

  12. Terrorist Targets • The Symbolism of Targets • Armed propaganda. • Types of symbols: • Embassies and diplomatic personnel. • International symbols. • Symbolic buildings and sites. • Symbolic people. • Passenger carriers.

  13. Is Terrorism Effective? • Media and Political Attention • Impact on an Audience • Forcing Concessions • Disruption of Normal Routines • Provoking the State to Overreact • Case: The King David Hotel Bombing

  14. Measures of Effectiveness