debates psyb4 2 hour exam n.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Debates – PSYB4 2 hour exam

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Debates – PSYB4 2 hour exam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Debates – PSYB4 2 hour exam. Topic includes…. Free will vs. determinism debate Heredity vs. Environment debate Holism vs. Reductionism debate Idiographic vs. Nomothetic debate Scientific approach to psychology. Some issues in philosophy. Can you doubt that you exist?

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Debates – PSYB4 2 hour exam' - conley

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
topic includes
Topic includes….
  • Free will vs. determinism debate
  • Heredity vs. Environment debate
  • Holism vs. Reductionism debate
  • Idiographic vs. Nomothetic debate
  • Scientific approach to psychology
some issues in philosophy
Some issues in philosophy
  • Can you doubt that you exist?
  • Will the sun rise tomorrow?
  • Can you think about nothing at all?
complete handout
Complete handout
  • Decide what score you would give for each of the scenarios then look and see which debate you are more likely to support!!!

Tim is 14 years and displays a variety of twitches and tics. His head sometimes jerks and he often blinks and grimaces. Occasionally, he blurts out words, usually vulgarities. He doesn’t mean to do it and is embarrassed by it, but he cannot control it. Because of this strange behaviour, most other children avoid him. His isolation and embarrassment are interfering with his social development. Tim suffers from a rare condition called Tourette’s disorder.

  • What behaviours can someone with Tourette’s actually show they have free will to an extent?
  • If you think Tim lacks free will, what led you to this conclusion?
  • Think of other behaviours (normal or abnormal) that demonstrate lack of free will.
free will vs determinism debate
Free will vs. Determinism debate

Are we free to choose how to think and

behave or is our behaviour determined and caused by factors outside our control.

free will
Free will

‘A hypothetical and often reified internal agency that functions independently of externally imposed forces.’

free will1
Free will

It is very difficult to have an absolute definition for free will so instead a

number of meanings have been proposed: (Valentine, 1992)

  • Can you think of the advantages and disadvantages of having complete free will?
free will must be exercised with responsibility if we are to live harmoniously together in society
Free will must be exercised with responsibility if we are to live harmoniously together in society.
  • Advantage - a happier public... people who are able to make their own decisions are generally happier than those that are forced to live under dictatorships.Disadvantage - not everybody makes the right decisions. Adopting the view that people can choose whatever they do is not at the extreme a practical, ethical or morally acceptable position.
free will2
Free will

EV Some would argue that free will is the opposite to determinism, but that would suggest that all behaviours are totally unpredictable, random and has no cause. However most behaviours are predictable and do have a cause! Planning a holiday for example has many determining factors….

  • Lots of behaviours then can be freely chosen but still caused by a number of factors, for example you personality type..….
  • This has been referred to as Soft Determinism – the belief that behaviours are determined or caused by a persons own character, wishes or desires but that behaviour is free from coercion (force)
  • Of all 5 perspectives….which do you believe to be most associated with Free will?
humanistic psychology
Humanistic psychology
  • The humanistic approach places great conscious awareness on our ability to choose our own behaviours. For example, in all situations we have autonomy – we can choose our behaviour in small ways (choosing what to have for lunch) or in big ways (choosing a career). This ability to choose leads to personal growth and so we become the best we can. Humanists believe we are all potentially good and if left to ourselves we will become better people.
  • They do believe however that we are constrained to en extent, where we are born, society, our physical bodies…which is why CCT is used to overcome these obstacles.
client centred therapy carl rogers
Client Centred Therapy (Carl Rogers)
  • CCT is used mainly to treat people who need focus motivation in their lives. Who find it difficult to make decisions or who display symptoms of depression. Free will is very much apparent. The facilitator (therapist) behaves like an equal with the client (patient). It isn’t about trying to find a cure, ask them questions or offer a diagnosis – it is about empowering them to gain better insight into their current thoughts and feelings. It is about helping them to figure themselves out. To remove the ‘I can’t do it’s’…
how can free will be tested
How can free will be tested?
  • Free will is such an abstract hypothesis it makes it very difficult to measure.
  • Mostly we must rely on peoples subjective thoughts and feelings – i.e. they describe the lifestyle they have chosen, their friends, the subjects they learn etc….
  • Question – do you think brain activity happen before or after the decision to act – i.e. flex your wrist?
  • Read the study by Libet (1985) to provide one of the very few objective measurements of free will…
see evaluations handout
See evaluations handout
  • Make notes on which are in support or against the free will debate….
  • Also see small exam questions handout and complete