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How can poverty be reduced? • Drop the …….. • F r i a d r a et • S……………………….. D……………… projects • dia • M…………. D…………. G…………… • Tecriosoum (clue: green holidays) • Robin Hood ……..
Sustainable development: 3 main criteria 1 2 3 3 sustainable projects:
Fair trade means: Who benefits? Who loses?
MDG: when do they have to be achieved by? http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ List them in the order you think is most important to least important. For one of your choice, say what its targets are and give one fact to support why this development goal is so important.
Robin Hood Tax: how does it work? http://www.oxfam.org/en/video/2011/bill-nighy-explains-robin-hood-tax Where does the money come from? Which country gets the money? How is it divided up? Who will benefit? Who will lose?
Types of Aid • Aid is any kind of help given to an area or country. The types of aid we will be looking at in this section are • Voluntary Aid • Bilateral Aid • Multilateral Aid • Tied Aid • Emergency Aid • Aid can also be broken into long and short term aid
? • also known as charity aid. • money collected by agencies such as Oxfam and ActionAid • spent on a variety of different schemes. • goes towards long term development, for example in training farmers in efficient farming techniques that also prevent soil erosion • campaigns to collect funds and provide emergency aid after a disaster, for example, flooding in Mozambique.
? • means "two sides". • from one country to another. • example would be Britain giving money and sending experts to help build a dam in Turkey. • often is also tied aid.
? • the giving (or donor) country also benefits economically from the aid. • the receiving country has to buy goods and services from the donor country to get the aid in the first place. • In building a dam, for example, the donor may insist that their companies, experts and equipment are used. • Whether the aid is given may depend on the receiving country agreeing to buy e.g. military jets from the donor. • Some people believe that this type of aid can be harmful if it supports governments that oppress their people.
? • means "many sides". • organisations that involve many countries give help. • run by groups such as the World Health Organisation (WHO) and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) - both of which are part of the UN.
? • after a natural disaster such as an earthquake or flood, help is needed straight away. • includes food, clean water, shelter, medicines and the staff to organise these materials. • not useful for long term aid as local farmers and business people would not be able to compete with the free handouts and so the local economy would be damaged.
Globalisation Three simple definitions: An image to show it: Why can the world now be a globalised place but it couldn’t 100 years ago?
Why can the world now be a globalised place but it couldn’t 100 years ago? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
What do these terms mean? Transnational/multinational company Headquarters Branch plants Outsourcing Off shoring Near shoring Component parts