PERSONALITY PSY234 Lecture 2 : Psychodynamic theories. Dr Simon Boag Email: email@example.com. Readings. Carver, C. S. & Scheier, M. F. (2004). Perspectives on Personality . (pp. 195-207, 221-230) Additional (non-assess able )
Dr Simon Boag
I. The Structural theory
II. Defence mechanisms
After this lecture you should be able to:
(1) Self-preservative vs libidinal drives
(2) Eros vs destructiveness (Thanatos)
Original & primitive part of the mind
Operates via pleasure principle
eg. aggressive & sexual desires
Repression(inhibition) of ‘antisocial’ desires
Moral beliefs, self-restrictions & ideals
Unconscious conflict between biological impulses and moral beliefs
Q. Are humans conflicted with their sexual processes?
A. Freud: Yes
“… at no point has civilisation tried to exercise severer suppression than in the sphere of sexuality”
(Freud, 1905, p. 110).
“… we prefer to speak of psychosexuality, thus laying stress on the point that the mental factor in sexual life should not be overlooked or underestimated. We use the word ‘sexuality’ in the same comprehensive sense as that in which the German language uses the word lieben
(Freud, 1910, pp. 222-3).