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Promot e and Practice Social Entrepreneurship:. Social Work Education. WHO ARE social entrepreneurs. Dees, Emerson, and Economy (2001) define a social entrepreneur as “ innovative, opportunity-oriented, resourceful, value-creating change agents ” (p. 4).

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promot e and practice social entrepreneurship

Promote and Practice Social Entrepreneurship:

Social Work Education

Presented By:

Monica Nandan, Ph.D., MSW, MBA

who are social entrepreneurs
WHO ARE social entrepreneurs
  • Dees, Emerson, and Economy (2001) define a social entrepreneur as “innovative, opportunity-oriented, resourceful, value-creating change agents” (p. 4).
  • Gray, Healy, and Crofts (2003) view social entrepreneurs as innovators who balance an organization’s economic and social goals, “who value local initiative and participation” (p. 148), and who seek “social justice outcomes” to “guide the mission and evaluation of social entrepreneurial activity” (p. 149).
  • Light (2006) defines a social entrepreneur as “an individual, group, network, organization, or alliance of organizations that seeks sustainable, large-scale change through pattern-breaking ideas in what governments, nonprofits, and businesses do to address significant social problems” (p. 50).
  • Sharir and Lerner (2006) perceive social entrepreneurs as “social change agents” who “create and sustain social value without being limited to resources currently in hand” (p. 3).
  • , Skoll Foundation views social entrepreneurs as transformational change agents who “pioneer innovative and systemic approaches for meeting the needs of the marginalized—the disadvantaged and the disenfranchised—populations that lack the financial means or political clout to achieve lasting benefits on their own” (p. 41).
social entrepreneurs
Social Entrepreneurs…
  • Act with the intent to eliminate societal distress, rather than appease it.
  • Are a new generation of social change agents implementing innovative solutions to change social equilibrium in sustainable fashion.
  • Emerge primarily when prevailing wisdom and paradigm unable to explain and solve complex issues.
  • Continuously create social value.
se vs se
SE vs. SE
  • Social entrepreneurship is not the same as starting/running a social enterprise.
  • What is social enterprise?
    • An organization that advances its social mission through earned income strategies
    • Social enterprise could be a tool/ a mechanism for a social entrepreneurs to bring innovation to fruition.
what is social intrapreneurship
What is social intrapreneurship
  • New ventures created within an organization, by developing an innovative product/service/process that involves risk, is proactive, and addresses an issue differently than in the past.
  • What do social intrapreneurs do?
    • Doing things outside the “norm” and SOP.
    • Acting on opportunity without being limited by resources
    • Proactive change agents within organizations
    • Work with the leadership of the organization
what is social service management
What is social service management
  • Tasks fall into following categories:
    • Planning
    • Budgeting & Financial management
    • Human resource management
    • Program development
    • Resource development
    • Data management
    • Marketing
    • Governance
what can we accentuate in social work education
What can we accentuate in social work education…
  • Improved networking skills
  • Working across systems and disciplines simultaneously
  • Risk taking
  • Recognizing opportunity
  • Information coupling
  • Tolerating ambiguity
  • Ability to adapt quickly.
se continuum
SE Continuum






similarities differences
Similarities & Differences
  • Similarities in knowledge, values and competencies
  • Differences in knowledge, values, competencies
  • What does each one create/added value, each time?
  • Why is SE and SI relevant for social work managers?
    • Funding & Funder criteria
      • Impact
      • Sustainability
      • Ethics
      • Innovation
      • Social Work Managers as change agents
mapping route to destination
PLANMapping Route to Destination…

Triple bottom line


se and sw education
SE and SW Education
    • Macro practice courses in social work
      • Management
      • Community organizing/planning/development
      • Policy practice
      • Handful of schools offer courses in social entrepreneurship.
    • SE education: more management focused; monodisciplinary; Limited attention to community participation, cultural competency, development of collective vision with community, and focus on “root cause.”
      • University of TX, Austin: Exception.
    • Move from monomultiintertrans-disciplinary educational model for SE.
  • 2010 Social Work Congress approved the following imperative…
    • Infuse model of sustainable business and management practices in social work education….
multi inter trans disciplinary
Multi/inter/trans Disciplinary
  • Models for SE education
    • Multidisciplinary: each discipline offers courses specific to them.
    • Interdisciplinary: faculty and students plan/interact/synthesize knowledge from partnering disciplines
    • Transdisciplinary: community members/beneficiaries/stakeholders participate in curriculum development and implementation.
  • Social work profession well poised to lead/facilitate transdisciplinary education…for Social Entrepreneurship.
    • MPA and MBA focus on internal characteristics and tasks (e.g., finance, marketing, budgeting etc)
    • MSW macro practice focus on external tasks (e.g., community organizing, mobilizing, community development etc).
    • Time is right to collaboratively teach.
  • NASW Ex. Director: calling for social workers to reinvent themselves (2009)
  • Monica Nandan,

Department of Social Work and Human Services

Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA.