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Stress & Accentuation. Mrs. O. Pacheco Spanish III-IV. Dividing Syllables. Division of Syllables 1-2-3-4-5 : Make syllables one consonant first followed by one vowel. (as much as possible and wherever possible) Examples: (Put more stress on the bold syllable) CA -SA = house

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stress accentuation

Stress & Accentuation

Mrs. O. Pacheco

Spanish III-IV

dividing syllables
Dividing Syllables

Division of Syllables 1-2-3-4-5:

  • Make syllables one consonant first followed by one vowel. (as much as possible and wherever possible)

Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)

CA-SA = house

GA-TO = cat

TE-LÉ-FO-NO = telephone

MA-MÁ = mom

GOR-DO = fat

A-NO-CHE = last night

2 only one strong vowel per syllable
2.Only one strong vowel per syllable.
  • STRONG VOWELS:    A    E    O    Í    Ú   
  • WEAK VOWELS:    I    or    U   (without a written accent mark).
    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
      • TO-A-LLA = towel
      • A-E-RO-PUER-TO = airport
      • O-SO = bear
      • FE-O = ugly
      • TÍ-O = uncle
slide4
NOTE:
  • The letter I or U (without a written accent mark) can be alone only at the beginning of a word.Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
    • U-RU-GUAY = Uruguay
    • I-TA-LIA = Italy
    • U-NI-DO = united
    • I-GUAL = same I-GUA-NA = iguana
    • LOS   ES-TA-DOS   U-NI-DOS = The United States
3 never separate a diphthong
3. Never separate a diphthong
  • What is a diphthong?
    • A DIPHTHONG is when you see -- I or U together with any other vowel.
  • NOTE: I or U must be without a written accent mark. The other vowel may or may not have a written accent mark.
    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
      • JUAN = John
      • MA-RIO = Mario
      • CA-MIÓN = truck
      • BUE-NO = good
      • PIA-NO = piano
      • AC-CIÓN = action
      • ES-TU-DIAN-TE = student
      • PUER-TA = door
slide6
NOTE:
  • Do divide when it is not a diphthong.
    • When the letter I or U has a written accent mark, it becomes strong.
      • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
        • DÍ-AS = days
        • TÍ-O = uncle
        • MA-RÍ-A = Mary
        • PA-RA-Í-SO = paradise
4 divide two consonants that are between two vowels
4. Divide two consonants that are between two vowels.
  • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
    • ¿CUÁN-DO? = when
    • ¿DÓN-DE? = where
    • PRIN-CI-PAL = principal
    • CAR-TE-RO = mailman
exception
EXCEPTION:
  • When the letter L or R has a consonant before and a vowel after, keep them all together in the same syllable.
    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
      • PRI-MO = cousin
      • INS-TRU-MEN-TO = instrument
      • CLA-SE = class
      • ES-TRE-CHO = narrow
      • DIA-BLO = devil
      • DO-BLA-DI-LLO = hem
never separate
Never separate:
  • CH, LL, RR -- They are considered one letter.
    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
      • CHI-NA = China
      • MU-CHA-CHO = teen boy
      • PE-RRO = dog (m)
      • CA-RRI-TO = little car
      • GA-LLO = rooster
      • A-MA-RI-LLO = yellow
slide10
NOTE:
  • Divide these two double consonants: CC & NN.
    • Examples:(Put more stress on the bold syllable)
      • AC-CIÓN = action
      • IN-NU-ME-RA-BLE = innumerable
      • RE-AC-CIÓN = Reaction
      • IN-NE-CE-SA-RIO = unnecessary
spanish rules of stress
Spanish Rules of Stress
  • For words with a written accent mark:
  • If a word has a written accent mark, then put more stress on the syllable with the written accent mark (á-é-í-ó-ú - only vowels have a written accent mark).
    • Example: Mé-xi-co        Pe-rú             Pa-na-má
  • For words without a written accent mark:
  • If a word ends in a consonant, except N or S, then put more stress on the last syllable:
    • Example: pa-pel          can-tar          ha-blar
  • If a word ends in a vowel, N or S, then put more stress on the next to the last syllable:
    • Example: ga-to          ha-blo
accentuation rules
Accentuation Rules
  • There are four categories of multisyllabic words in Spanish, as far as stress is concerned. A word's stress category has to do with which syllable is tónica. 
    • Palabras llanas are stressed on the next to the last syllable (la penúltima). 
    • Palabras agudas are stressed on the last syllable (la última). 
    • Palabras esdrújulas are stressed on the third to the last syllable (la antepenúltima). 
    • Palabras sobresdrújulas are stressed on the fourth to the last syllable. 
palabras llanas
Palabrasllanas

All of the following words are stressed on the next to last syllable (o la penúltimasílaba).

  • no - che
  • ár - bol
  • bi - go - te
  • pe - rro
  • ca - ba - llo
  • co - ci - na
  • fa - bu - lo - so
  • lib - ro
  • ac - ci - den - te
  • fi - lo - so - fí - a
  • es - ta - cio - nes
  • hi - jos
  • cés - ped
  • hue - so
  • sa - ra - pe
palabras agudas
Palabrasagudas

Each of the following words is stressed on the last syllable (o la últimasílaba).

  • fri - jol
  • can - tar
  • hab - ló
  • an - dén
  • so - por - tar
  • sen - tí
  • ma - ra - tón
  • re - loj
  • ñan - dú
  • baj - ó
  • sar - tén
  • pin - cel
palabras esdr julas
Palabrasesdrújulas

All of the follwing words are stressed on the third to the last syllable (o la antepenúltimasílaba). Notice that esdrújulas always have a written accent mark.

  • fan - tás - ti - co
  • pa - ra - lí - ti - co
  • én - fa - sis
  • es - tú - pi - dos
  • lu - ciér - na - ga
  • mur - cié - la - go
  • es - drú - ju - la
  • miér - co - les
  • ri - dí - cu - lo
  • an - gé - li - cas
  • sín - te - sis
  • a - ná - li - sis
palabras sobresdr julas
Palabrassobresdrújulas

All of the follwing words are stressed on the fourth to the last syllable (¡o la preantepenúltima sílaba!).  Notice that sobresdrújulas always have a written accent mark.Notice also that in each of them the last two syllables are attached pronouns.

  • fu - mán - do - me - la
  • es - cri - bién - do - se - lo
  • di - cién - do - me - lo
the written accent mark
THE WRITTEN ACCENT MARK
  • One-syllable words DO NOT have a written accent mark unless they are used to distinguish one word from its homonym pair. (si = if; sí = yes)
  • If a word ends in a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) or n or s and it is not llana, put an accent mark over the stressed syllable. 
  • If a word ends in a consonant (other than n or s) and it is not aguda, put an accent mark over the stressed syllable. 
  • An accent mark will also be placed over a weak vowel (u or i) in order to break an automatic diphthong.
words that end in a vowel or n or s and are not llanas
Words that end in a vowel (or "n" or "s") and are not llanas
  • ha - bló
  • viv - vió
  • can - té
  • sar - tén
  • cor - tés
  • fre - ne - sí
  • mas - ti - có
  • pon - dréis
  • Tim - buk - tú
words that end in a consonant not n or s and are not agudas
Words that end in a consonant (not "n" or "s") and are not agudas
  • ár - bol
  • cés - ped
  • chó - fer
  • pós - ter
  • di - fí - cil
  • fá - cil
breaking natural diphthongs
Breaking natural diphthongs
  • ba- úl
  • rí - o
  • ha - cí - a
  • a - ún
  • Ma - rí - a
  • con - ti - nú - a
  • pa - na - de - rí - a
  • mí - a
  • dú - o
practice divide mention where are these words stressed
Practice: Divide & mention where are these words stressed.
  • Para
  • Preguntar
  • Todavía
  • Colocar
  • Marcador
  • Carro
  • Noviembre
  • Once
  • Estación
  • Entonces
  • mañana

12. Pedro

13. Papel

14. Río

15. Computadora

16. Televisión

17. Costumbre

18. Calculadora

19. Cartel

20. Rosado

21. Falda

22. Hipocresía

23. Papelera

practica silabas t nicas y acentuaci n
Practica: Silabas Tónicas y Acentuación
  • Click on the link(s) below:
    • http://www.hayrocket.com/cabrillo/cis132/project/accents-practice.php
    • http://www.editorialteide.com/replay/Flash/replay.asp?id0=pTKw50Anm2Ok6ODh50lXo3au7OPks7Ei60Sf7JIuu5PS0VFIy1Tf83Id0Q8sb1mq83BgeRJD18Xb01MqgLCn16Qed8Fb3FNRh4CO&IdIdioma=1&id3=3
    • http://www.editorialteide.com/replay/Flash/replay.asp?id0=yETg83Jwv6Xt0XMq04uHx6je1YYuc1Nr04Co2SRfe8YC3GOriMDp26Rm4AHckNva37kpnBSM4HHk35Wa5ULx50Ann2Pk6OWBq7Mx&IdIdioma=1&id3=3
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