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Academic Vocabulary. Tennessee 2010-2011. Academic Vocabulary. Alliteration Analogy Audience (as listeners) Author’s purpose Caption Compare Contrast Double-negative Drawing conclusions Fable Genre Homonyms Index Making inferences Metaphor Outline

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academic vocabulary

Academic Vocabulary

Tennessee 2010-2011

academic vocabulary1
Academic Vocabulary
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences
  • Metaphor
  • Outline
  • Possessive nouns
  • Prediction
  • Proofread
  • Quotations/quotation marks
  • Sentence fragment
  • Simile
  • Subject/verb agreement
  • Time order/transitional
  • words
  • Topic sentence
  • Verb tense
words to know
Words to Know
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • The repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words or in stressed syllables, as in "on scrolls of silver snowy sentences"

Alliteration

Example: Betty Botter bought some butter,but, she said, the butter’s bitter

words to know1
Words to Know
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • the comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship

Analogy

Example: Happy is to sad as hot is to cold

words to know2
Words to Know
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • When the author thinks about who the reader is going to be, he is thinking about his _________.

Audience

When you know your audience, you can choose the right words, details, and tone.

For example, you won’t write the same way to a newspaper editor as to your friends.

words to know3
Words to Know
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • An authors reason for writing

Author’s purpose

Example: authors often write to persuade, inform, entertain, or express feelings

words to know4
Words to Know
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • A title, short explanation, or description accompanying an illustration or a photograph

Caption

caption

words to know5
Words to Know
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • How two things are alike

Compare

compare and contrast means to tell how two or more things are alike and different.

words to know6
Words to Know
  • Alliteration
  • Analogy
  • Audience (as listeners)
  • Author’s purpose
  • Caption
  • Compare
  • Contrast
  • How two things are different

Contrast

compare and contrast means to tell how two or more things are alike and different.

words to know7
Words to Know
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences

(inferring)

  • the nonstandard usage of two negatives used in the same sentence so that they cancel each other and create a positive

Double-negative

I don’t want nothing. (I do not want nothing.)

I couldn’t see nothing. (I could not see nothing.)

words to know8
Words to Know
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences

(inferring)

  • forming an opinion based on what you already know or on the facts and details in a text

Drawing conclusion

words to know9
Words to Know
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences

(inferring)

  • A usually short narrative that often teaches a lesson and has animal characters that speak and act like humans.

Fable

words to know10
Words to Know
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences

(inferring)

  • Different kinds of literature

Genre

Folk tales

Myth

Play

Autobiography

Etc.

words to know11
Words to Know
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences

(inferring)

  • words that sound alike but are spelled differently and have different meanings

Homonym

scent, sent, and cent

words to know12
Words to Know
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences

(inferring)

  • Something that serves to guide, point out, or otherwise facilitate reference
  • An alphabetized list of names, places, and subjects treated in a printed work, giving the page or pages where information is located

Index

words to know13
Words to Know
  • Double-negative
  • Drawing conclusions
  • Fable
  • Genre
  • Homonyms
  • Index
  • Making inferences

(inferring)

  • Sometimes readers must use:
    • CLUES
    • EXPERIENCE

to make guesses as they read. This is called…

Making Inference

words to know14
Words to Know

Metaphor

I am a rainbow.

  • Metaphor
  • Outline
  • Possessive nouns
  • Prediction
  • Proofread
  • Quotations/quotation marks
  • when you use two nouns and compare or contrast them to one another. Unlike simile, you don't use "like" or "as" in the comparison.
words to know15
Words to Know
  • Metaphor
  • Outline
  • Possessive nouns
  • Prediction
  • Proofread
  • Quotations/quotation marks
  • A person, place, thing or object that shows ownership.

Possessive Noun

The girl’s hat…

The children’s play…

My dog’s chew toy…

words to know16
Words to Know
  • Metaphor
  • Outline
  • Possessive nouns
  • Predict
  • Proofread
  • Quotations/quotation marks
  • The exact words someone or something says in a written work.
  • These are used in writing to mark exactly what the person or thing is saying.

Quotation

Quotation Marks

words to know17
Words to Know
  • Metaphor
  • Outline
  • Possessive nouns
  • Predict
  • Proofread
  • Quotations/quotation marks
  • When you preview the story title, illustrations and/or discuss who the characters might be and what might happen in the story.

Predict

words to know18
Words to Know
  • Sentence fragment
  • Simile
  • Subject/verb agreement
  • Time order/transitional
  • words
  • Topic sentence
  • Verb tense
  • a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by itself

Sentence Fragment

Working into the night as hard as she can to save the boat

words to know19
Words to Know
  • Sentence fragment
  • Simile
  • Subject/verb agreement
  • Time order/transitional
  • words
  • Topic sentence
  • Verb tense
  • Simile is when you compare two nouns (persons, places or things) that are unlike, with "like" or "as."

Simile

Playing the piano is like a bird soaring in the sky.

words to know20
Words to Know
  • Sentence fragment
  • Simile
  • Subject/verb agreement
  • Time order/transitional
  • words
  • Topic sentence
  • Verb tense
  • Writers use ________ to describe the order in which to do something or to tell readers exactly when events too place.

Time Order / Transitional Words

Words such as: first, then, next, finally, therefore, rather

words to know21
Words to Know
  • Sentence fragment
  • Simile
  • Subject/verb agreement
  • Time order/transitional
  • words
  • Topic sentence
  • Verb tense
  • A well-organized paragraph supports or develops a single controlling idea, which is expressed in a sentence called the _________

Topic Sentence

words to know22
Words to Know
  • Sentence fragment
  • Simile
  • Subject/verb agreement
  • Time order/transitional
  • words
  • Topic sentence
  • Verb tense
  • gives information about when an action took place

Verb Tense

studying- present

Will study - future

studied – past