Major Events in Alabama from 1781 to 1823 By Cody Hall as a part of the Min Unit Assignment in ED 505 Source for photo: http://www.tradesecretslaw.com/2014/01/articles/restrictive-covenants/federal-court-in-alabama-rules-that-non-compete-signed-prior-to-employment-is-void/.
Alabama as a territory • Great Britain released southern Alabama to Spain in 1783 (“Alabama History,”2014). This gave Spain more power in the region. However, it proved irrelevant when Alabama became a state in 1819. The boundary of the state is set at the 31st parallel. • Migrations from nearby Tennessee and Virginia started to take hold in Alabama and the population slowly began to grow (“Alabama History,” 2014). • Picture:http://www.vision-strike-wear.com/Alabama-State-Flag_p_1140.html.
Alabama as a Territory • Until 1819, Alabama was a territory who only hoped to gain entry to the United States. • In 1800 the U.S. Census stated that the Alabama Territory had a population of only 1,250 people (“Alabama History Timeline,” 2014). 517 of those people were African American. These numbers are staggering low when compared to today’s census numbers and the numbers of other territories within the United States.
The Louisiana Purchase • The Louisiana Purchase occurred in 1803 and gave the United States much more territory than it had previously (“Alabama History,”2014). • Thinking as a class, how did the Louisiana Purchase affect the Alabama Territories' relationship with the United States? Source for photo: https://uhoklahoma.wikispaces.com/The+Louisiana+Purchase.
The Louisiana Purchase • The United States acquired over eight hundred twenty seven thousand miles of land from France (“The Louisiana Purchase,”2014). • President Thomas Jefferson sent explorers Lewis and Clark to explore the purchase soon after buying it for merely fifteen million dollars (“The Louisiana Purchase,” 2014). • The purchase increased the value of the Alabama territory due to the close proximity to the land.
Significant Figures in the Creek War • Many influential men fought in Alabama during the Creek War, however, the most influential man was former U.S. President Andrew Jackson (The War of 1812 in Alabama and the Creek War, 1813-1814, 2014). • Jackson was a deciding force in pushing the Indians out of Alabama and made his mark on history as he gained major fame throughout the nation. • Although his role in Alabama history is limited, Shawnee chief Tecumseh, helped motivate the creeks (red sticks) into fighting American militia.
Significant Figures • Source for photo:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Davy_Crockett.
Significant Figures in the Creek War • Most do not associate Davy Crockett with Alabama history but he enlisted for the United States after the massacre of Fort Mims (“David Crockett,”2014). • Crockett only spent ninety days as a soldier in the Creek War but made a lasting impact on the fighting (“David Crockett,”2014). • Sam Houston also fought in the war and was actually wounded at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (“Major Participants in the Creek War,” 2014). • William Weatherford was leader of the Red Sticks in many battles and is considered one of the greatest Native American leaders (“Major Participants in the Creek War,” 2014).
The Creek War • The Creek Indian War occurred around the same time as the War of 1812 (“Using Primary Sources in the Classroom,” 2010). • The Creeks hostility stemmed from increased colonization and eventually boiled over into violence that could not be held. • The United States won the war and eventual Indian removal resulted prompting the famous Trail of Tears (“Using Primary Sources in the Classroom,” 2010). • What was the overall result from the Creek Indian War?
The Creek War • The Massacre of Fort Mims was the most significant of all of the armed battles during the war. In the massacre over 553 people died (“Creek Indian War,” 2009). • The war was significant for the fact that it sparked the Fort Jackson Treaty that essentially pushed the remaining Indians out west (“The War of 1812 in Alabama and the Creek War, 1813-1814,” 2014). • What were other significant consequences of the Creek War in Alabama?
Lasting results of the war • The Battle of Horseshoe Bend is considered the most important turning point of the war and helped General Jackson secure a victory in Alabama over the red sticks (Creek Indians). Source for photo: http://www.examiner.com/article/georgia-and-the-war-of-1812-the-creek-war-of-1813-1814. • More importantly, however, the war relinquished around forty thousand miles of land to the United States (The War of 1812 in Alabama and the Creek War, 1813-1814, 2014).
Alabama as a state • Alabama was admitted as the twenty second state on December 14, 1819 (“Alabama History”, 2014). Source for photo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alabama_gubernatorial_election,_2010. • Alabama’s statehood was a indirect result of the United States Victory in the Creek Indian War. • What were other factors that determined Alabama’s statehood in 1819?
References Alabama History. (2014). Retrieved November 21, 2014, from https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Alabama_History. Alabama History Timeline. (2014). Retrieved November 21, 2014, from www.archives.Alabama.gov/timeline/al1801.html. Creek Indian Wars. (2009). Retrieved November 21, 2014, from http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/gataylor/crkindw.htm. David Crockett. (2014). Retrieved November 24, 2014 from http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/ccbn/dewitt/adp/history/bios/crockett/crockett.html. The Louisiana Purchase. (2014). Retrieved November 21, 2014, from http://www.monticello.org/site/Jefferson/Louisiana-purchase. Major Participants in the Creek War. (2014). Retrieved November 24, 2014, from http://www.nps.gov/hobe/historyculture/major-participants-in-the-creek-war.htm. Using Primary Sources in the Classroom: Creek Indian War, 1813-1814 Introduction. (2010). Retrieved November 21, 2014, from http://www.archives.state.al.us/teacher/creekwar/creek.html. The War of 1812 in Alabama and the Creek War, 1813-1814. (2014). Retrieved November 24, 2014, from http://www.alabamamoments.alabama.gov/sec04qs.html.