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Mini Poetry Unit. f ocusing on rhyme, haikus, tankas , and sonnets. Common Figurative L anguage U sed . Simile- a comparison using “like” or “as” Metaphor- comparison between two subjects that may not be logically literally comparable

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mini poetry unit

Mini Poetry Unit

focusing on rhyme, haikus, tankas, and sonnets

common figurative l anguage u sed
Common Figurative Language Used
  • Simile- a comparison using “like” or “as”
  • Metaphor- comparison between two subjects that may not be logically literally comparable
  • Rhythm- a pattern of syllables throughout a poem—usually they are stressed and unstressed syllables to create a pattern
  • Rhyme- words that sound the same—there are four types of rhyme.
types of rhyme
Types of Rhyme
  • Exact Rhyme- identical sounds in final syllables or paired groups of final syllables. Normally it is the last stressed vowel that makes the rhyme. Examples are breathe/seethe, great/late, and skylight/highlight
  • Approximate Rhyme-. Two words that look like they should rhyme but don’t. Examples are capitol/symbol, or Mary/caring
types of rhyme1
Types of Rhyme
  • Internal Rhyme- happens when two words rhyme inside of the same line. Example: Cat in the Hat or Jack and Jill went up the hill.
  • End Rhyme- occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

Example: “He should not be here,

said the fish in the pot.

He should not be here

when your mother is not.”

  • A Japanese three line poem written to capture a feeling or image. This was often written by a male to court a female for love.
  • These poems have three lines and have a total of 17 syllables
  • Follow syllables in a line pattern of 5/7/5
  • Example:

The falling flower (5)

I saw drift back to the branch(7)

Was a butterfly (5)

  • A Japanese five line poem written to capture a feeling or image. This was often written by a female in response to the haiku to express her feelings.
  • These poems have five lines and have a total of 31 syllables
  • Follow a syllable line pattern of 5/7/5/7/7
  • Example:

The weirdly colored (5)

Silent, dark, oppressive sky (7)

Threatening to storm (5)

Softly groans, grumbles, then cracks (7)

And then gives its flashing grin. (7)

shakespearean sonnet
Shakespearean Sonnet
  • As you all know, Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter when he wrote his plays. He also used iambic pentameter when he wrote his sonnets as well.
  • Just as a reminder, iambic pentameter is a rhythmic pattern that consists of five iambs per line. It kind of sounds like five heart beats—ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM, ba-DUM.

Hamlet: THAT this TOO too SOLid FLESH would MELT


  • Iambic- poetry that has a pattern of accented & unaccented syllables
  • Pentameter- a line of poetry having 5 “feet” meaning 10 syllables per line
shakespearean sonnet1
Shakespearean Sonnet
  • Not only did he write in iambic pentameter, he also used a specific rhyme scheme where the end rhyme sounded the same in the following pattern:


sample shakespearean sonnet sonnet 30
Sample Shakespearean Sonnet: Sonnet #30

When to the sessions of sweet silent thought

I summon up remembrance of things past,

I sigh the lack of many a thing I sought,

And with old woes new wail my dear time's waste:

Then can I drown an eye, unused to flow,

For precious friends hid in death's dateless night,

And weep afresh love's long since cancell'd woe,

And moan the expense of many a vanish'd sight:

Then can I grieve at grievances foregone,

And heavily from woe to woe tell o'er

The sad account of fore-bemoanèd moan,

Which I new pay as if not paid before.

But if the while I think on thee, dear friend,

All losses are restored and sorrows end.

A: though

B: past

A: sought

B: waste

C: flow

D: night

C: woe

D: sight

E: foregone

F: o’re

E: moan

F: before

G: friend

G: end

mini poetry unit complete

Mini Poetry Unit Complete!

Now take the quiz in Skyward!