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Kansas-Nebraska ActDred Scott Case Pages 492-493 Workbook 88
Kansas-Nebraska Act • Congress changed the Missouri Compromise and passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. • Under this new plan, slavery would not be allowed in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. • People living in those lands would decide the issue of slavery by voting.
Bleeding Kansas • Kansas quickly became the center of attention. • People for and against slavery rushed to the territory, hoping to help decide the vote. • Fighting broke out and more than 200 people were killed. • Kansas was admitted as a free state.
Dred Scott Case • Dred Scott was a slave who asked the Supreme Court to decide his freedom. • Scott argued he should be free because he had once lived in a free land. • He had lived in Illinois and Wisconsin with his owner.
Chief Justice Roger Taney • Chief Justice Roger Taney said that Scott had “none of the rights and privileges” of American citizens. • Dred Scott was a slave and living on a free land did not change that. • Chief Justice Taney also said that Congress had no right to outlaw slavery.
Chief Justice Roger Taney • He said the Constitution protects peoples’ rights to own property and slaves were property. • The Missouri Compromise according to Taney was preventing people from owning property.
The Supreme Court • Roger Taney was born to a wealthy slave-owning family in Maryland. • At the time of the Dred Scott Case, five of the nine justices were from the South. • Taney hoped the decision of the Supreme Court would end the abolitionists movement.