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PA Early Industrial Growth and Development. Chapter 4 Lesson 13 – Mountains of Pennsylvania Hinder Industrial Growth Lesson 14 – Canal Fever Lesson 15 – Steam Engine Fever, Railroads and Coal Lesson 16 – Iron and Oil Lesson 17 – Civil War Comes to PA. Vocabulary.

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pa early industrial growth and development

PA Early Industrial Growth and Development

Chapter 4

Lesson 13 – Mountains of Pennsylvania Hinder Industrial Growth

Lesson 14 – Canal Fever

Lesson 15 – Steam Engine Fever, Railroads and Coal

Lesson 16 – Iron and Oil

Lesson 17 – Civil War Comes to PA

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Iron smelting – heating process to remove unwanted parts from iron ore and fuse/melt together the leftover pure iron
  • Coke – product of soft coal
  • Iron ore – natural resource which iron is made
  • Refined – to purity from a crude state
  • Kerosene – a thin oil produced from petroleum for a fuel and a solvent
  • Petroleum – an oily flammable liquid obtained from wells drilled in the ground and refined into gasoline and fuel oils
  • Derricks – oil towers
slide3

1840’s-1850’s – railroads created a huge demand for Iron

    • Trains, steam engines, and iron rails
  • Iron produced from iron ore, smelted into pure iron
  • Coke, byproduct of soft coal, was ideal fuel for iron-smelting industry
  • Pittsburgh and Johnstown became centers for the industry
  • Pittsburgh because of three-river system used to move iron ore and coal
iron smelting and oil industries
Iron-Smelting and Oil Industries
  • Baldwin Locomotive Works, Philadelphia, Pa., established 1831.
oil is discovered
Oil is Discovered
  • Samuel Kier – 1840s, began to bottle “rock oil” and sold it as a medicine
  • 1850 – Samuel Kier built nations first oil refinery in Pittsburgh – kerosene
  • 1859 – Edwin Drake and Oil Creek – first well
    • 69 ft hole drilled with a steam engine
    • Saturday, August 27, 1859 – quit drilling
    • Oil discovered floating on surface on Sunday
slide6

400 barrels a day

  • Titusville population went from 300 to several thousands
    • Other cities, called boomtowns, sprang into existence nearby
  • 1870 – 5,000 oil towers sprang up in the area
slide7

Scientists discovered refined oil could be used as a cheap burning fluid for lamps

    • Oil eventually replaced coal as a cheap source of heat
  • 1863, Drake left Titusville, lost his money and died poor