early industrial growth n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Early Industrial Growth PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Early Industrial Growth

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 57

Early Industrial Growth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 122 Views
  • Uploaded on

Early Industrial Growth. Growth and Development of Industry and Society. How did the following lead to the rise of Northeastern manufacturing? Technology Competition How did the following lead to the expansion of markets? Existing trade patterns The growth of cities and towns

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Early Industrial Growth' - gerd


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
growth and development of industry and society
Growth and Development of Industry and Society
  • How did the following lead to the rise of Northeastern manufacturing?
    • Technology
    • Competition
  • How did the following lead to the expansion of markets?
    • Existing trade patterns
    • The growth of cities and towns
    • The opening of the West
    • Changes in transportation
    • Government and Business
  • How did industrial growth impact the following economic classes?
    • Upper class
    • Middle class
    • Urban poor
    • Business class
slide3

ESSENTIAL QUESTION:

How did American

industry grow and

what was the impact

on society in 19th century

America?

slide4

The

Transportation

Revolution

slide5

First Turnpike- 1790 Lancaster, PA

By 1832, nearly 2400 mi. of road connected most major cities.

slide7

Conestoga Covered Wagons

Conestoga Trail, 1820s

slide9

Erie Canal, 1820s

Begun in 1817; completed in 1825

slide14

The “Iron Horse” Wins! (1830)

1830  13 miles of track built by Baltimore & Ohio RRBy 1850  9000 mi. of RR track [1860  31,000 mi.]

slide15

TheRailroadRevolution,1850s

  • Immigrant laborbuilt the Northern Railroads
  • Slave labor built the Southern railroads
  • Who has more track?
slide16

New

Inventions:

"Yankee Ingenuity"

slide17

Resourcefulness & Experimentation

  • Americans: willing to try anything
  • Copiers then innovators.

1800  41 patents were approved

1860 4,357 patents were approved

slide18

Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin, 1791

Slavery was a dying institution before this invention!

slide19

Eli Whitney’s Gun Factory

Interchangeable Parts Rifle

slide20

OliverEvans

First automated flour mill

First prototype of the locomotive

slide23

Samuel F. B. Morse

1840 – Telegraph

slide25

Elias Howe & Isaac Singer

1840sSewing Machine

slide26

The “American Dream”

Material advance was the natural fruit of American republicanism & proof of the country’s virtue and promise.

A German visitor in the 1840s, Friedrich List, observed:

Anything new is quickly introduced here, including all of the latest inventions. There is no clinging to old ways. The moment an American hears the word “invention,” he pricks up his ears.

slide27

The Northern

Industrial

"Juggernaut"

slide29

Creating a Business-Friendly Climate

  • Supreme Court Rulings:
  • Fletcher v. Peck (1810) – first time S.C. ruled state law unconstitutional
  • Dartmouth v. Woodward (1819) – allowed for private charters
  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) – elastic clause (implied powers); states can’t hinder federal government
  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) – interstate commerce clause

General Incorporation Law  passed in New York, 1848

Allowed corporations to form without a government charter

Laissez faire  government is keeping “hands off” in regulating but is doing much to assist capitalism!

slide30

Distribution of Wealth

  • During the American Revolution,45% of all wealth in the top 10% ofthe population.
  • 1845 Boston  top 4% owned over 65% of the wealth.
  • 1860 Philadelphia  top 1% owned over 50% of the wealth.
  • The gap between rich and poor was widening!
slide39

Lowell Girls

What was their typical “profile?”

slide40

Lowell Boarding Houses

What was boardinghouse life like?

impact on social structure
Impact on Social Structure
  • Wealthy
  • Urban Poor
  • Business class
  • Benevolent empire
  • Business class revival and reform
results of industrial growth
Results of Industrial Growth

How does

Impact

Wealthy

Urban Poor

Business class

Benevolent empire

Business class revival and reform

  • Rise of New England manufacturing
  • Expansion of markets
  • Growth of cities and towns
  • Impact on the west
  • Impact on transportation
  • Impact on government and business

What role do the Democrats and Whigs play?

slide46

The Factory Girl’s Garland

February 20, 1845 issue.

i m a factory girl filled with wishes
I’m a Factory Girl Filled with Wishes

I'm a factory girl

Everyday filled with fearFrom breathing in the poison airWishing for windows!I'm a factory girlTired from the 13 hours of work each dayAnd we have such low payWishing for shortened work times!I'm a factory girlNever having enough time to eatNor to rest my feetWishing for more free time!I'm a factory girlSick of all these harsh conditionsMaking me want to sign the petition!So do what I ask for because I am a factory girlAnd I'm hereby speaking for all the rest!

Factory girls were working 14 hours a day six days a week

In 1844 they petitioned to have maximum 10 hour days

They presented the government with a scroll of over 4,500 signatures for a 10 hour day

They government didn’t address the issue

the early union movement
The Early Union Movement
  • Began with skilled workers
  • Used their skills as bargaining tools
  • Workingman’s Party (1828)Founded by Robert Dale Owen and others in New York City
    • Advocated equal taxation, abolition of banks, universal education
  • Early unions were usually local, social, and weak
the early union movement1
The Early Union Movement
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt(1842)
  • Unions are only criminal if their objectives are criminal
  • Unions have the right to a closed shop (even strike if necessary)
slide51

What's

Happening

in

America

by the 1850s?

slide52

Regional Specialization

EAST Industrial

SOUTH Cotton & Slavery

WEST The Nation’s “Breadbasket”

slide57

ECONOMIC?

POLITICAL?

The results of

American

industrial growth and

The impact

on society in 19th century

America?

SOCIAL?

FUTUREPROBLEMS?