Early Industrial Growth. Growth and Development of Industry and Society. How did the following lead to the rise of Northeastern manufacturing? Technology Competition How did the following lead to the expansion of markets? Existing trade patterns The growth of cities and towns
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How did American
industry grow and
what was the impact
on society in 19th century
By 1832, nearly 2400 mi. of road connected most major cities.
Conestoga Trail, 1820s
Begun in 1817; completed in 1825
1807: The Clermont
1830 13 miles of track built by Baltimore & Ohio RRBy 1850 9000 mi. of RR track [1860 31,000 mi.]
1800 41 patents were approved
1860 4,357 patents were approved
Slavery was a dying institution before this invention!
Interchangeable Parts Rifle
First automated flour mill
First prototype of the locomotive
1840 – Telegraph
Material advance was the natural fruit of American republicanism & proof of the country’s virtue and promise.
A German visitor in the 1840s, Friedrich List, observed:
Anything new is quickly introduced here, including all of the latest inventions. There is no clinging to old ways. The moment an American hears the word “invention,” he pricks up his ears.
General Incorporation Law passed in New York, 1848
Allowed corporations to form without a government charter
Laissez faire government is keeping “hands off” in regulating but is doing much to assist capitalism!
Francis Cabot Lowell’s town - 1814
What was their typical “profile?”
What was boardinghouse life like?
Business class revival and reform
What role do the Democrats and Whigs play?
February 20, 1845 issue.
I'm a factory girl
Everyday filled with fearFrom breathing in the poison airWishing for windows!I'm a factory girlTired from the 13 hours of work each dayAnd we have such low payWishing for shortened work times!I'm a factory girlNever having enough time to eatNor to rest my feetWishing for more free time!I'm a factory girlSick of all these harsh conditionsMaking me want to sign the petition!So do what I ask for because I am a factory girlAnd I'm hereby speaking for all the rest!
Factory girls were working 14 hours a day six days a week
In 1844 they petitioned to have maximum 10 hour days
They presented the government with a scroll of over 4,500 signatures for a 10 hour day
They government didn’t address the issue
by the 1850s?
SOUTH Cotton & Slavery
WEST The Nation’s “Breadbasket”
The results of
industrial growth and
on society in 19th century