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Unit Eight Heritage Attractions
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  1. Unit EightHeritage Attractions

  2. Contents Teaching Objectives Teaching Approaches Teaching Focus Time Allocations Teaching Difficulties Teaching Methods Teaching Procedures

  3. Teaching Objectives 1 2 3 4 Become familiar with Qufu. Understand some sentence structures and patterns. Be able to make conversations when going shopping. Become familiar with what Confucianism mean to Chinese people.

  4. Teaching Approaches Let the students read the materials about Confucius. · Introduce Qufu, Shandong. Tell them something about Confucianism. Make conversations when going shopping. Steps Describe briefly what Confucianism mean to Chinese people. Homework

  5. Focus on 2 Passages Going Shopping. Qufu.

  6. Time Allocations World Tourism Organization Qufu 3 periods. · Going A Shopping 3 periods. Conceptual Framework Unit 8

  7. Teaching Difficulties The Some Usages New Useful Expressions Words Difficulties

  8. Teaching Methods Exercises Discussing Methods Questions Teacher’s Explanations

  9. Teaching Procedures Qufu

  10. Step1 Leading in • What do you know about Confucius? • · Why is Qufu so famous? Confucius was the greatest thinker, educator, and politician in Chinese history. Because Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius and China’s ancient culture.

  11. Step 2 Learn New Words and Expressions abundant 丰富的 architectural 建筑的 archway 拱道,拱廊 cemetery 墓地 chirp v. (鸟等)欢快地叫 Confucius 孔子 drought n. 干旱 exquisite a. 精致的,高雅的 hectare n. 英亩 imperial a. 帝王的;堂皇的 installation n. 设置 municipality n. 城市 originator n. 始祖 pavilion n. 碑亭 prestige n. 声望 relic n. 遗迹 statesman n. 政治家 all in readiness 一切准备就绪 Catalogue of Global Cultural Heritages世界文化遗产名录 underground cultural relics 地下文 化遗产

  12. Step 3 Read the Passage and Discuss • Where is the location of Qufu? • How are the natural surroundings of Qufu? • What is the function of the Confucius Temple? Qufu is located in the south part of Shandong province. Qufu is a joint place of a mountainous area and a plain area. Many rivers and springs join in the southeast and will never dry up. It has never suffered drought or floods. The confucius Temple is a place for people to respect Confucius.

  13. Step 4 Learn the Patterns and Structures • 连接词语 • 连接词语分为五种: • (1)表示列举或同位关系的连接词语。如:and, furthermore, more than that, also, likewise, moreover, in addition, what is more, for instance, for example. • (2)表示转折的连接词语。如:although, however, on the contrary, but, in spite of, otherwise, despite, nevertheless, yet. • (3)表示序列的连接词语。如:first, second, third, and so on, then, after, before, next. • (4)表示概括归纳的连接词语。如:as a result, finally, therefore, accordingly, in short, thus, consequently, in conclusion, so, in brief, in a word. • (5)表示因果关系的连接词语。如:as a result, for, thus, because, for this reason, so, therefore, as, since, consequently.

  14. Step 5 Exercises • CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING • Mark the following statements with “T” for true and “F” for false. • ( ) 1. Qufu is the hometown of Confucius. • ( ) 2. Confucius was a great thinker, educator, musician, and statesman in ancient China. • ( ) 3. Confucianism was established by Confucius and his architecture. • ( ) 4. Qufu is famous for its greatness in ancient culture and architecture. • ( ) 5. The location of Qufu is not ideal. • ( ) 6. Among the cultural relics in Qufu, the Confucius Temple is one of the most famous sites. • ( ) 7. Tourists can travel to Qufu by train or by bus. • ( ) 8. The municipality of Qufu has made great efforts to protect the cultural relics. T F F T F T T T

  15. Listening and Speaking: Shopping • Step 1 Leading in Suppose you and your foreign friend plan to go to see Beijing Opera, what will you tell to him?

  16. Step 2 Learn New Words and Expressions • arts and crafts store 工艺品商店 • porcelain 瓷器 • embroidery 刺绣 • cloisonné 景泰蓝 • wood engraving 木雕 • utensil 器具,用品 • calligraphy 书法 • tri-colored pottery 唐三彩 • exquisite workmanship 精巧的工艺 • beautiful figuration 优美的造型 • masterpiece 精品,代表作 • Hetian jade 和田玉 • artware 工艺品 • Xiu jade 岫玉 • Nanyang jade 南阳玉 • Lantian jade 兰田玉 • jadeite 翡翠 • original 原作,原物 • reproduction 复制品 • landscape 山水 • figure 人物 • master 大师 • longevity 长寿 • to symbolize 象征 • department store 百货商场 • floor plan 购物指南 • children’s department 儿童专柜 • phoenix 凤凰

  17. Step 3 Listen to the Dialogues and Practice • Sample Conversation: shopping (The Jordans are at the Arts and Crafts Store. They want to buy some Chinese arts and crafts.) A: Salesman B: Mr.Jordan

  18. Sample Conversation 2: Carvings) A: shop assistant B: Mr. Jordan

  19. Sample Conversation 3:Chinese paintings (Mr.Jordan and Mrs.Jordan are in antique shop.) A: shop assistant B: Mr. JordanC: Mrs. Jordan

  20. Sample Conversation 4: Birthday Present A: shop assistant B: Mr. Jordan C: Mrs. Jordan

  21. Step 4 Learn Useful Expressions and Patterns • USEFUL EXPRESSIONS AND PATTERNS • 1. We’d like to buy some famous Chinese arts and crafts articles. • 2. May I show you around? • 3. Here are the change and the receipt. • 4. We have a wide selection of jade carvings. • 5. It’s named Dragon Boat. • 6. What’s it made of? • 7. Please take a look and see if there’s anything interesting. • 8. You’ve made an excellent choice, Madam. • 9. How much do they cost? • 10. Here’s the floor plan of this store. • 11. Are there coats? • 12. What size does the she wear, Madam?

  22. Step 5 Exercises • Complete the following dialogues by translating the Chinese into English. (A: Representative B: Guest) • A: Attendant B: Mr. Jordan • 1.A:Good afternoon, sir.?________________________(您想买点什么吗?) • B: I’d like something China made. And interesting? • A: (我们这里有各 • 式各样的瓷器,很受外国游客喜欢。) • B: Let me have a look. • 2.A: (您喜欢这花样的吗?) • B: Don’t you think the design is a bit too complicated? • A: .(我明白了。请再看一看这个。) • B: I’ll ask my wife. She has the say. • 3. B:I like this vase. But it seems a little too expensive. Can you come down a bit? • A: (这个花瓶质量极好, • 价格是合理的。) • 4. B: How much do you charge for this china bottle? • A: (您正赶上促销,今天八折优惠。) What would you like to buy We have a variety of porcelain. They are very popular among foreign visitors Do you like the pattern? I see. Please have a look at this one This vase is in high quality, and the price is reasonable. It’s on sale. We will give an 80% discount.

  23. Homework • TRANSLATION • Translate the following sentences into Chinese, paying special attention to the participles used. • 1. Qufu is the birthplace of Confucius who was the greatest thinker, educator and politician in Chinese history and the originator of Confucianism. As a result, Qufu is a world-famous place. • 曲阜是中国历史上最伟大的思想家、教育家、政治家、儒家思想的创始人孔子的诞生地,因此在海内外享有盛誉。 • 2. Qufu enjoys great international prestige for the birthplace of China’s ancient culture and for abundant underground cultural relics and magnificent architectural complexes on the ground. • 曲阜是中国古代文化的发祥地,拥有丰富的地下文化遗迹和辉煌的地上建筑群落,在海内外享有盛誉。 • 3. Although there is a fair selection of trains people can take in Yanzhou, 13 km to the west of Qufu, there is no railway station in Qufu itself. • 尽管人们在离曲阜以西13公里的兖州乘座火车有相当多的选择,但曲阜本地没有火车站。

  24. 4. The annual Confucius Cultural Festival is held from September 26 to October 10 in Qufu. • 曲阜在每年的九月二十六日至十月十日举办孔文化节。 • 5. Qufu possesses a large number of historical and cultural relics, 340, to be exact. • 曲阜拥有大量的历史文化遗迹,确切地说,有340处。 • 6. Qufu was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage in 1994. • 曲阜于1994被联合国教科文组织列入世界文化遗产名录。 • 7. Now the Confucius’ Temple, the Kong Family’s Mansion and the Confucius’ Cemetery are all very important historic sites under special protection. • 现在孔庙、孔府和孔林是非常重要的历史遗迹,受到特别保护。 • 8. The local government of Qufu achieved greatly in the construction of Qufu City and the protection of cultural relics. • 曲阜市政府在城市建设和文化遗迹保护方面都做出了巨大的成就。

  25. Learn to communicate in the given situation Situations: (A:Tour guide (B:Mr. Brown) Do you like tea with milk or sugar? Green tea does quench one’s thirst especially after a rich meal. Suppose you are a Chinese tour guide.

  26. The Following Expressions May Be Used May I show you around? Here are the change and the receipt. Useful Expressions We have a wide selection of jade carvings. Please take a look and see if there’s anything interesting. What size does the she wear, Madam? .

  27. Thank You !