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Unit Eight

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Unit Eight

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  1. Unit Eight Athlete

  2. Part One Listening and Speaking Listening Scripts and Keys ◆ Activity 1 Dates Directions:In this part you will hear 10 sentences. Listen carefully and supply the missing information about the dates in the spaces provided.

  3. 1.We’re going to hold a class meeting on January 12th. 2.Mary will come and give us a great show on May 13th. 3.The new term begins on September 1st. 4.We have our National Day on October 1st. 5.A great party will be held on December 25th. 6.He was born on November 22nd, 1984. 7.We will have no class on April 3rd. 8.She will arrive here on May 5th. 9.We will have our summer vacation from July 6th toAugust 28th. 10.The last Spring Festival was on February 4th.

  4. Activity 2 Conversations Directions:In this part you will hear 5 conversations. Each of the conversations will be read twice. Listen carefully and then decide whether the statements below are true, false or not mentioned according to the conversations you have heard. Write T for True, F for False and N for Not Mentioned in the spaces provided.

  5. Conversation 1 A: I would like to make an appointment to see our college president. B: Do you have any important thing to do with him? A: Yes, I do. B: What is it then? A: I would like to put forward a suggestion for our school. B: OK. I would like to arrange for your appointment. A: Thank you very much. B: You’re welcome. T The woman will arrange for the man’s appointment.

  6. Conversation 2 A: Are you free tomorrow, Mrs. Feng? B: Yes, but only in the afternoon. I have no classes tomorrow afternoon. A: Will you please arrange for a personal interview to morrow afternoon? B: Let me see. I have no classes tomorrow afternoon, but I’ll have to see my mother. A: Is she well? B: No. A couple of days ago she got a very bad cold. A: Oh, you’d better go to see her when she is ill. B: It’s very kind of you to say so. T The man cannot see Mrs. Feng tomorrow afternoon.

  7. Conversation 3 A: Excuse me. Can I see Mr. Xu now? B: What’s your name, please? A: I’m Chen Xiaoli. B: Sorry, Chen Xiaoli. Mr. Xu cannot keep the appoint- ment today because he is ill. A: I’m sorry to hear it. Then, I’ll have to change the date for my appointment. B: We’re terribly sorry for that. A: Is next Monday morning OK? B: It’s OK, I think. FThe man can have the appointment with Mr. Xu on Wednesday.

  8. Conversation 4 A: Hello, Zheng Hua. B: Hello, Chao Shan. A: Are you free this Saturday morning? B: Yes, I’m free. A: Let’s make a date to go shopping on Saturday after- noon? B: That’s a good idea. A: What time should I arrive at your home? B: At any time you like. F The man and the woman will go shopping on Sunday afternoon.

  9. Conversation 5 A: Hello. Is this Mrs. Fan’s home? B: Yes. Who is that? A: This is Hu Ran. B: Oh, you’re the repairman. A: Yes. When can I go to repair your computer? B: At any time except Tuesday afternoon. A: Can I go to your home at 2 o’clock this afternoon? B: Yes. I hope to see you then. F Hu Ran can go and repair Mr. Fan’s computer on Tuesday afternoon.

  10. Activity 3 Passage Directions:In this part you will hear only one passage. Listen to the passage twice and then decide on the appropriate answer to each of the questions from the 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. An American officer of 50 came back to his old school. The teachers invited him to give a talk to the pupils there. The talk was about the love for their great country. The little ones were all seated and waiting in a large meeting room. The old officer went up, and began speaking. He said, “Boys and girls, I studied in this school forty years ago. When I was a child, we were not as happy as you are today. Think about it and answer me. Why you are so happy now.”

  11. No sound came from the children. The old man waited for a long time. Then a short boy in the front put up his small dirty hand. “Good boy! Please answer me, dear,” said the old officer. With a big smile on his face, the boy stood up and said, “If you speak long enough, we won’t have to have maths and biology this morning. That’s why we are all so happy now.”

  12. Questions and Answers Q: How old was the American officer? A: A. He was 50. Q: What did he do at his old school? A: B. He gave a talk to the pupils there. Q: Where did he talk? A: C. In a meeting room. Q: What did he talk about? A: D. The love for their great country. Q: Why were the pupils happy if the officer went on with his talk? A: D. They would not have maths and biology class that morning.

  13. Speaking Activity 1 Sample —— • A: Hello, Chen Jing. • B: Hello, Wu Hao. • A: Are you free this afternoon? • B: No, but I’m free tomorrow afternoon. • A: Good. Can we go to the travel agency for a job? • B: A good idea. Please call me when you leave yo • ur home. • A: All right. • B: Then see you tomorrow afternoon.

  14. Activity 2 • A: Can I see you tomorrow evening? • B: Sorry, you cannot, I think. • A: Why not? We’ve made the appointment! • B: Yes, We’ve made the appointment, but now I have changed my mind. • A: Why have you changed your mind? • B: Because my father is ill now. Sorry, I failed to call you that I’d changed my mind. • A: Sorry to hear that. Then you’d better take care • of your father. • B: Thank you very much. Sample ——

  15. Part Two ReadingLead-in Activity: Word Matching 1. tennis ball 2. basketball 3. football 4. baseball 5. bowling ball 6. golf ball 7. volleyball 8. ping-pong

  16. Reading Language Focus 1.Michael Jordan, the winner of six NBA titles, was one of the greatest athletes in the world. (Para. 1) the winner of six NBA titles是名词短语作主语Michael Jordan的同位语, 同位语通常置于它所要说明的词后 面,前后有逗号与其他成分分开。例如: ◆Robinson, a 47-year-old professor, died in a car accident yesterday. 鲁滨逊是一位47岁的教授,昨天他在一场车祸中 丧生。 ◆ Dianna, a beautiful college student, married an old man. 戴安娜是个漂亮的女大学生,她嫁给了一位老头。

  17. the greatest athletes意为“最伟大的运动员”。Greatest是形容词最高级,形容词最高级通常前面使用定冠词the。例如: ◆It was the heaviest one that I carried. 它是我拿着的最重的东西。 ◆He worked in the highest building in the city. 他在城里最高的写字楼里工作。

  18. 2.He is very popular and admirable, and is viewed as having the soul of a champion. (Para. 1) 这是and连接的两个并列句。如果第二个并列句的主 语和第一个并列句的主语相同的话,第二个并列句的 主语可以省略。例如: ◆He came into the room and sat down beside the girl. 他走进房间,在那女孩身边坐了下来。 ◆I put down the book and went out for some fresh air. 我放下书,走出房间去透透新鲜空气。

  19. be viewed as是固定短语,表示“被看作是……”的意思。例如: ◆He is viewed as one of the best teachers in our university. 他被看作是我们学校最好的教师之一。 ◆Mr. White was viewed as a hero after that. 在那以后,怀特先生被看作是位英雄。

  20. 3.However, most people are not so successful as Michael Jordan. (Para. 1) so… as是固定句型,表示“同……一样”的意思,通常用 于否定句中。例如: ◆She is not so smart as her brother is. 她不如她的兄弟那么机灵。 ◆Tom could not run so fast as John did. 汤姆没约翰跑得快。

  21. 4. The problem is not a lack of ability, but will. (Para. 1) but用于否定句中,起强调作用,表示它后面的部分才 是真正的重点。例如: ◆They own not one but three houses. 他们有的不是一座而是三座房子。 ◆Johnson is not the manager, but Susan. 经理不是约翰逊而是苏珊。

  22. 5.Michael Jordan, as you know, once suffered a lot as well, but he never gave in. (Para. 1) as you know通常用作状语或插入语,表示“如同你所 知道的那样”的意思。例如: ◆No other actress, as you know, has won so many medals. 如同你所知道的那样,没有其他女演员获得过这 么多的奖牌。 ◆As you know, they show great interest in this fashion. 如同你所知道的那样,他们对这一时尚表现出极 大的兴趣。

  23. as well是固定短语,意为“也”,通常置于句尾。例如: ◆He stayed up late as well. 他也熬夜了。 ◆She was involved in the car accident as well. 她也被牵连到了那场车祸中。 give in是常用词组,表示“退却”或“让步”的意思。例如: ◆Bill had failed for several times, but he never gave in. 比尔失败了好几次,但他从不退却。 ◆They weren’t a particularly good team, but they ref used to give in and accept defeat. 他们不是特别好的球队,但他们坚决不退缩,也不 接受失败。

  24. 6.… but he kept on practicing for hours every day before school, which showed his work ethic. (Para. 1) keep on doing sth.是固定词组,表示“继续 (做)……”的意思。例如: ◆He kept on talking until he was very tired. 他一直说话直到精疲力竭。 ◆The little boy kept on running and running and got to the cave at last. 小男孩一直跑啊跑,最后终于到了那个山洞。

  25. which… ethic是非限制性定语从句。非限制性定语从 句中表示物体或抽象概念的关系代词只能使用which而不可以使用that。例如: ◆She sent me the gift, which I will never forget. 她送给我这份礼物,这让我永生难忘。 ◆I went to see the film with her, which I showed no interest in. 我同她一起去看了这部电影,我对这部电影一点也 不感兴趣。

  26. 7.When he became the greatest player in the history of basketball at the age of thirty-five, he led his aging team to another championship. (Para. 1) at the age of意为“在……(几岁)的时候”。例如: ◆He went to college at the age of 17. 他17岁上了大学。 ◆He left home at the age of 12 and had never returned. 他12岁离开了家,自那以后,就再也没有回过家了。

  27. led是lead的过去式,可用来表示“领着”的意思。 例如: ◆The hero led them from victory to victory. 这位英雄率领他们取得了一个又一个胜利。 ◆The old lady led me into her small room. 老太太领着我走进了她那小小的屋子。

  28. 8.He sets an example and a standard for which, perhaps, mankind has not yet developed a vocabulary. (Para. 1) set an example表示“树立榜样”的意思。例如: ◆Teachers should set a good example for their students. 教师应当为人师表。 ◆What he did set a good example for us. 他的所作所为给我们树立了一个好榜样。 perhaps意为“也许”,在该句中为插入成分;forwhich…vocabulary是定语从句,修饰standard。

  29. 9.Michael Jordan is also a genius because he always kept trying, especially when he was in trouble. (Para. 2) keep doing sth.是固定词组,可用来表示“一直(做)……”的意思,还有一个相似词组:keep ondoing sth.,意为“继续(不断做)……”。 例如: ◆I keep forgetting to mail the letter. 我一直忘了寄这封信。 ◆Daddy! Melanie keeps on hitting him! 老爸,米兰妮打了他好几次!

  30. in trouble表示“有困难”的意思。 例如: ◆Please save those in trouble if you’re rich. 如果你有钱,请救救那些有困难的人吧。 ◆I would like to help her whenever she is in trouble. 当她有困难的时候,我都乐意去帮她。

  31. 10.Thomas Edison once defined genius as one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration. (Para. 2) define…as是固定词组,表示“把……定义为”的意思。 例如: ◆Which qualities define us as human? 哪些品格将我们定义为人? ◆It is defined as a medical terminology in the dictionary. 字典将其定义为一个医学专业术语。

  32. 11.Many of us, perhaps most of us, do not wish to try that hard. (Para. 2) perhaps most(of us)是作插入语,表示“也许(我们) 大部分人”的意思;that hard中的that是副词。that可 用作副词,修饰形容词或副词,表示“如此,那样”的 意思。例如: ◆Our college is that large. 我们学校是那样的大。 ◆She was that tired; she had to go to bed earlier. 她是那么累,只好早一点上床睡觉了。

  33. 12.When he played in a championship game with a fever that would keep most men in bed, although he was physically too weak to stand, by an act of will, he scored thirty-eight points and hit the game-winning shot. (Para. 2) that …in bed是定语从句,修饰fever,表示“会使大部 分人卧床休息的高烧”的意思;too…to…是英语中的常 见固定结构,意为“太……以至于不”。 例如: ◆He was too excited to say anything at that time. 当时他激动得一句话也说不出来。 ◆He was too young to pick it up. 他太小了,没力气把它拿起来。

  34. by an act ofwill是“凭意志”的意思。例如: ◆By an act of will, he fought against the enemy. 他凭意志同敌人展开了斗争。 ◆By an act of will, he has overcome a lot of difficulties in his study and life. 他凭意志克服了学习和生活中的很多困难。

  35. 13.Then we cannot help asking ourselves: what could we achieve if we try like Michael Jordan in our life? (Para. 2) cannot help doing sth.是一常见句型,表示“情不自 禁地(做)……”的意思。例如: ◆We couldn’t help laughing at that moment. 我们当时情不自禁地笑了起来。 ◆She couldn’t help screaming at the stranger. 她情不自禁地朝那陌生人尖叫了起来。

  36. 14.As we know, basketball, like any other kind of sport, is merely a game, but its events of athletic competition are not entirely without meaning. (Para. 3) as we know通常用作状语或插入语,表示“如同我们 所知道的那样”的意思,其用法上类似于as you know (详见本课注解5);like any other kinds of sport是插入语,意为“如同其他各种体育项目一 样”;be notwithout meaning是一种双重否定结构。 双重否定往往可以表示肯定意义。例如: ◆What she said is not without her feeling. 她说那番话不是没有感情的。 ◆You cannot pass the test without much effort. 你只有花大力气才能通过考试。

  37. 15.As a symbol of man’s striving for perfection, Michael Jordan sets a good example for us. (Para. 3) As a symbol of man’s striving for perfection是介词 短语作状语,意为“作为人类追求完美的象征”; strive for是固定词组,表示“为……而奋斗”的意 思。例如: ◆We must continue to strive for greater efficiency. 我们必须继续为更高的效率而奋斗。 ◆He is striving for her love. 他在竭力赢得她的爱。

  38. 16.He always tries to be excellent, ie, to be all he can be. (Para. 3) i.e.是that is的意思,通常用作插入语。例如: ◆The film is only open to adults, i.e., people over 18. 这部电影只供成人观看,也就是18岁以上的人。 ◆We’ll start the work, i.e., what you asked us to do just now. 我们要开始工作了,也就是做你刚才说的事。

  39. he can be是定语从句,修饰all。当定语从句所修饰的先行词是不定代词all的时候,定语从句中的关系代词用that,如果that是定语从句中的宾语,则可以省去。例如: ◆That’s all (that) I want to say. 这就是我要说的话。 ◆He will try to do all (that) he can do, I think. 我想他将尽全力做他力所能及的事。

  40. 17.Such spirit is necessary and important in winning a championship, giving sports with much greater significance. (Para. 3) giving是现在分词短语作伴随状语。现在分词可在句中作伴随状语。 例如: ◆She worked outside, leaving her son at home. 她在外面工作,把儿子留在家里。 ◆He praised her, giving her much confidence. 他表扬她,给她了很大的信心。

  41. 18.So, on the other hand, he is a concrete reminder of the motto that expresses the essence of the Olympic Games: “Swifter, Higher, Stronger”. (Para. 3) on the other hand是介词短语用作状语,表示“在另一方面”的意思,通常该短语与on the one hand(一方面)连用。例如: ◆On the one hand, I want to sell the house, but on the other hand, I cannot bear the thought of moving. 一方面我想把房子卖了,但另一方面一想到要搬 家我就无法忍受了。

  42. ◆ On the other hand, he was going to hunt for a part-time job. 另一方面,他准备去找一份临时工。 that expresses the essence of …是定语从句,修饰 motto。

  43. 19.No other athletes of our times has demonstrated this as much as Michael Jordan. (Para. 3) no置于名词前相当于not any的意思,这是一种特殊的否定形式,即否定主语。例如: ◆No student can solve this difficult maths problem. 没有一个学生能解答这道数学难题。 ◆No employee in the company will be sent abroad for further study. 这家公司的员工不会被送往国外进修。

  44. 20.The way Michael Jordan conducted his life also greatly inspired others, for example, the way he spoke and dressed, the loyalty he showed to his coach and team and the dignity and grace with which he dealt with problems. (Para. 4)

  45. 这是一个比较长的复合句,其中包含了4个定语从句,这是一个比较长的复合句,其中包含了4个定语从句, 它们分别是: 修饰第一个the way的定语从句:Michael Jordan cond ucted his life 修饰第二个the way的定语从句:he spoke and dressed 修饰the loyalty的定语从句:he showed to his coach an d team 修饰the dignity and grace的定语从句:with which he dealt with problems。 注意:定语从句通常应当置于它所要修饰的词后面。

  46. 21.He truly stood high above his peers. (Para. 4) stand high above sb.在不同的语境中可以表示不同的语义。例如: ◆He was afraid that his wife would stand high above him some day. 他害怕他太太有朝一日会超过他。 ◆The teacher hopes that his students can stand high above him in the future. 老师希望他的学生们将来能出类拔萃。 在该句中stand high above the other people是表示“出类拔萃,胜人一筹”的意思。

  47. Text A Michael Jordan: the Soul of a Champion

  48. Translation of Text A 迈克尔·乔丹:冠军的精神 迈克尔·乔丹拥有六个NBA冠军头衔,是世界上最伟大的运动员之一。他非常受人欢迎、令人钦佩,被视为拥有冠军的精神。然而,大多数人都不如乔丹这么成功,他们不是缺乏能力,而是缺乏意志。众所周知,乔丹也曾经遭受过很多挫折,但是他从未放弃过。例如,他少年时期曾被拒绝加入高中篮球队,但是他每天上学前都坚持锻炼几个小时,这充分显示出了他的职业规范。35岁时,他成为了篮球史上最

  49. 伟大的运动员,并率领那支日渐势微的队伍参加了另一场锦标赛。他为人们树立了榜样,建立了标准,并且人们迄今还未找到合适的词来表述这一标准。伟大的运动员,并率领那支日渐势微的队伍参加了另一场锦标赛。他为人们树立了榜样,建立了标准,并且人们迄今还未找到合适的词来表述这一标准。 迈克尔·乔丹还是一个天才,因为他总是不断尝试,尤其在他遇到麻烦的时候。托马斯·爱迪生曾把天才定义为“百分之一的灵感加上百分之九十九的汗水”。我们很多人,也许是大多数,都不愿意如此努力,但乔丹有别于众人。他曾经带着足以让多数人卧床不起的高烧参加了一场比赛。虽然身体弱到难以站立,但他凭着顽强的意志独得38分,并投入了获胜的一球。于是,我们不禁要扪心自问:生活中,如果我们像乔丹一样努力,会有怎样的收获呢?

  50. 众所周知,篮球和其他体育运动一样,只是一种游戏而已,但其赛事并非毫无意义可言。作为人们追求完美的一个象征,迈克尔·乔丹为我们树立了良好的榜样。他总是尽其所能,努力做到最好。这种精神对于赢得比赛很有必要,也至关重要,并为体育运动增添了更多意义。所以,他同时也是“更快、更高、更强” 的典型代表。当今时代,能代表这种意义非乔丹莫属。 乔丹的生活方式也在很大程度上影响了其他人,如他说话及着装的方式,对教练及球队的忠诚,以及他解决问题时表现出的尊严和优雅。他方方面面都出类拔萃。