Quiz:. 1. Who is an Indian? 2. Name three Indians. 3. Name three Indians from the present day. 4. Where do Indians live, what do they eat, what do they wear? 5. Discuss three common stereotypes about Indians.
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Quiz: 1. Who is an Indian? 2. Name three Indians. 3. Name three Indians from the present day. 4. Where do Indians live, what do they eat, what do they wear? 5. Discuss three common stereotypes about Indians.
Exploration Some General Conclusions
Vikings • 900-1100 AD -- Curiosity • Leif Erickson, Eric the Red • Greenland, Iceland, Newfoundland And then for almost 500 years no European contact with North America. Why?
The Changing Face of Europe • Crusades (1096 to 1291) - Brought back goods that people wanted more of. • Renaissance (1300-1500) – Sparked a quest for knowledge. • Reformation – (1517) New religions start to spring up.
Marco Polo • 1295 AD --Spices, riches, clothes, trade with East • Venice to China--need to get rid of the middle man • Book of Marco Polo
What is Their Motivation? • Gold • God • Glory (wealth, spices)
Portuguese • 1400's-1500's -- Navigation, spices, trade with East • Prince Henry the Navigator– school • Brazil • Famous Explorers: Diaz (southern tip of Africa), da Gama (India and back) Prince Henry the Navigator
Portugese Explorers Diaz’s route Da Gama’s route
Spanish • 1500's -- Spices, profit, slaves, trade with East • Columbus--4 voyages (Bahamas) • Central and South American • Religion, language, foods and animals, architecture • Other explorers: Ponce de Leon, Balboa, Magellan, Cortes (Mexico), Pizzaro, Coronado
Amerigo Vespucci— Navigator • Sailed with Columbus. • First to think that the lands being discovered were not part of Asia (as Columbus had thought) but a “New World”
Treaty of Tordesilles • Line of Demarcation • Pope splits the New World between Spain and Portugal.
French • 1500-1600's -- Northwest Passage, Fur, Religion • Religion, Language and Customs, Place Names—Quebec, New Orleans, etc. • Explorers: Cartier (St. Lawrence River), de Champlain (Quebec), Marquette and Joliet (Mississippi River), de la Salle (lower Mississippi River)
De la Salle—lower Mississippi River Marquette—Mississippi River Marquette and Joliet discovering the Mississippi River
English • 1500-1700's -- Founding Colonies, Wealth • Cabot (Labrador) • Raleigh (Roanoke) • Hudson (Hudson Bay) • 13 Colonies
Henry Hudson—Hudson Bay/River Sir Walter Raleigh-- Roanoke John Cabot-Labrador
Journal Entry 1: (At least two paragraphs or more) Has your opinion of Columbus changed and why? Give two reasons why you think he should be considered a hero. Give two reasons why you think he should be considered a villain.