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Post World War I Europe. 1918-1929. Objective. To understand the international order after World War I To understand how Europeans adapted to life after World War I To understand new political systems that arose after World War I. The League of Nations. Wilson and the League of Nations

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Post World War I Europe


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Presentation Transcript
objective
Objective
  • To understand the international order after World War I
  • To understand how Europeans adapted to life after World War I
  • To understand new political systems that arose after World War I
the league of nations
The League of Nations
  • Wilson and the League of Nations
  • Rejection of Treaty of Versailles
problems after world war i
Problems after World War I
  • Large numbers in casualties
    • France lost 1.4 million men
    • Russia lost 1.8 million men
    • Germany lost 2 million men
    • 10 million total
  • Economic
    • European countries in debt to the US
    • Germany to pay huge reparations
france
France
  • Suffered the worst damage from the war
    • Lost greatest proportion of casualties
    • Needed new alliances
    • Demanded reparations from Germany
britain
Britain
  • Winning the war did not solve problems
  • Economic Decline
  • Labour Party comes to power
britain9
Britain
  • Problems in the British Empire
    • “White Colonies”
    • India
    • Ireland
russia
Russia
  • Russian Revolution (1917)
  • Russia becomes the first Communist nation
  • Russian Civil War (1917-22)
russia12
Russia
  • Lenin takes full control
    • War Communism
    • New Economic Policy
russia14
Russia
  • Lenin dies in 1924
  • Leon Trotsky and Josef Stalin compete for power
germany
Germany
  • Weimar Republic formed in 1918
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • Effects of Reparations
germany20
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)
    • Joins National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi) in 1920
germany21
Germany
  • Adolf Hitler
    • Attempted government takeover in 1923
    • Arrested and put in prison
    • Writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle)
italy
Italy
  • Gained the least from the war
  • Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)
  • Fascism
postwar europe
Postwar Europe
  • Postwar Europe begins to stabilize by 1925
  • New system of reparations
postwar europe27
Postwar Europe
  • Treaty of Locarno (1925)
  • Kellogg-Briande Pact (1928)
  • Spirit of optimism returned to Europe