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Nigeria: Assessment of Efforts over the last three Years in HPAI Control: Achievements and Lessons learnt. PowerPoint Presentation
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Nigeria: Assessment of Efforts over the last three Years in HPAI Control: Achievements and Lessons learnt. By Dr. Junaidu A. Maina DVM, FCVSN Chief Veterinary Officer-Nigeria/Director Department of Livestock and Pest Control Services .

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Nigeria: Assessment of Efforts over the last three Years in HPAI Control: Achievements and Lessons learnt.

By

Dr. Junaidu A. Maina DVM, FCVSN

Chief Veterinary Officer-Nigeria/Director

Department of Livestock and Pest Control Services

Presented at the Technical Meeting on Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza 27 -29 June, Rome, Italy

outline
Outline
  • Introduction - Information on Nigeria
  • Present Situation of HPAI.
  • Achievements by FGN/Devt. Partners
  • Lessons learnt
    • Key Constraints and Challenges
    • Unintended Effects
  • Priority Recommendations
  • Conclusion
background information on nigeria

N

W

E

S

NIGERIA

BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON NIGERIA
  • Location – West Africa
  • Shares border with Benin, Niger, Chad and Cameroon
  • Human Population – 140mil
  • Federal System – 3 tiers, Federal, States (36) + Federal Capital Territory & Local Government Areas (LGAs) 774
  • Poultry population : 140m
    • Commercial 25%
    • Semi-commercial 15%
    • Rural/Backyards 60%
    • Net worth $250m
    • Agric GDP 9-10%
    • Major beneficiary of loanable funds
present situation summary of outbreaks between january 2006 june 20 07
Present Situation(Summary of Outbreaks between January 2006 – June 20 07)
  • Total Number of suspicions = 860
  • Total Number of +ve cases = 248
  • States with Suspicions = 30
  • States with +ve results = 25
  • LGAs with +ve results = 85
  • Total depopulated Birds = 885365
  • Total dead birds (estimated) = 711000
analysis of current situation
Analysis of Current Situation
  • States with only one outbreak = 4
  • States with repeat outbreak (>2) = 21
  • LGAs with only one outbreak = 67
  • LGAs with repeat outbreak (>2) = 18

LAST 3 MONTHS, 2007

  • States with outbreaks = 8
  • LGAs with outbreaks = 17

Last confirmed outbreak

    • Zamfara State - 02/05/07).
    • 1st Human Case - Lagos (February, 2007)
activities and achievements
Activities and Achievements
  • 2003/4 – Early preparation.
    • Document on Prevention Strategy
    • Active disease search conducted by National Vet. Research Inst. (NVRI) & Federal Dept.
  • Nov/2005.Comprehensive Emergency Preparedness Plan (EPP)
  • 1st suspicion 16/01/06 - NVRI
  • Confirmation on 07/02/06 by Padova
  • FGN official announcement 08/02/06
activities and achievements cont d
Activities and Achievements (Cont’d)
  • National Committees FGN
      • Technical Committee
      • National Inter-Ministerial Committee

(MOA, MOH, MOI)

      • AI Crisis Management Centre
  • EPP & Implementation FGN & Devt.P
      • Creation of HPAI Special Unit
      • Enhanced Surveillance
      • Case definition
      • SOP on Depop & Decontamination (48/72hrs)
      • Compensation
      • Movement Control. Gazette of 20/2/06. FGN
      • National Vet Stockpile Dev.P & FGN
    • Negotiated $50m ($29.2m) IDA Loan. FGN +Devt.P
    • Compensation N451.6m ($3.5m) FGN
activities and achievements cont d9
Activities and Achievements (Cont’d)
  • Equipped & Upgraded Cental Lab. FGN+Devt.P
      • Virus depository
      • OFFLU/30 isolates
  • Training & Capacity building Devt.P & FGN
  • Improved Budgetary Allocation FGN (MDG)
  • Active virus search Project FGN&FAO&EU
  • AI Multi-Donor/ECTAD FAO/USAID/UNDP
  • Cross-Border meeting/Assistance. FGN
  • Integrated National AI Plan Devt.P & FGN
lessons learnt
LESSONS LEARNT
  • Pattern of disease spread
      • Mainly between commercial farms
        • Live bird markets source of infection
        • Fomites and Animal health service providers spread HPAI
        • Siting of farms
        • Risk associated with megacities (Lagos & Kano)
  • Movement Control of Livestock and Livestock Products
      • FGN Gazette No:1/2006 on movement control (20th Feb 2006).
        • Poor state of Veterinary Quarantine facilities.
        • Socio-cultural traditional practices.
  • Difficulty in determining the origin(s) of HPAI infection.
      • Backtracing of infections
  • National Veterinary Stockpile
      • Critical inputs (PPEs, disinfectants etc)
      • Distribution Nationwide-substations
  • Interagency Collaboration (Integrated approach).
      • Communication, Medical Team, Journalists, Development Partners.
  • Livelihood Diversification Plan
      • Exit Plan for farmers
  • HPAI in Commercial/ Semi Commercial farms cannot be hidden
key constraints challenges
Key Constraints & Challenges
  • Resurgence/Persistence of infection in some States
  • Live Bird Markets
        • Politics
        • Restructuring
  • Enhanced disease surveillance
        • Engaging Private Vets & others on disease surveillance & reporting
  • Movement Control
        • Poor Vet Quarantine facilities
        • Poor enforcement of Movement permit.
        • Lack of appreciation of dangers of AI by security agents + others
  • Information dissemination and Communication
        • High level of sensitization but low risk perception
        • Public perception about AI vis-a- vis ND
  • Sustenance of the Compensation Fund
  • Expansion of Lab. Capacity and networking.
unintended effects
Unintended Effects
  • Open Admission of AI
        • Negative Publicity
  • Sharp drop in sales.
        • Poultry and poultry Products.
        • Drop feed Sales
        • Negative livelihood impact.
  • High Compensation Rates.
        • Status quo ex ente (rate $3-$10)
          • Reduction in Bio-security
        • Publicity
  • Donor / Development Partners
        • Not contributing to compensation fund.
        • Unsuitable materials
        • Skewed towards procurement and consultants
        • Local Idiosyncracies
priority recommendations
Priority Recommendations

Short Term

  • Restructuring of the Poultry Prod.System/Live bird market.
      • Break infection circle
      • Focal Point for surveillance / monitoring
      • Registration & Geo-reference
  • Movement control.
      • Enforcement of movement permits.
      • Upgrading VQS.
      • Collaboration with law enforcement agents & stakeholders.
  • Update EPP.
      • National Vet. Stockpile
  • Continuous collaboration.
      • Neighouring countries.
      • Devt.P, all other stakeholders.
priority recommendations15
Priority Recommendations

Medium/Long Term

  • General up-liftment of National Vet. Services & Lab. Network
      • Private sector participation
      • Enabling legislation
      • Provision of logistics
      • OIE- PVS
  • Upgrading 1.Central (P3) & 5.VTH (P2) laboratories
      • OIE Twinning programme.
      • Regional excellence.
  • Sourcing funds for compensation.
  • Restructuring poultry industry.
      • Compartmentalization/zoning
  • Strategy Plan
      • 1.Control, 2.elimination, 3 freedom from infection
conclusion
Conclusion

Containing the threat of HPAI will continue to pose a complex, long term multi-sectoral and cross- border (Regional, National & International) challenge to the whole world.

Rehabilitation of Veterinary Services is an essential pre-requisite to controlling HPAI and other emerging and re- emerging Zoonotic diseases.

The key to control, elimination and freedom from of HPAI is sustainable surveillance, intervention and more surveillance.

Through

Collaborative Engagement

acknowledgement
Acknowledgement
  • Development Partners and Donor Agencies
    • FAO, AU-IBAR, OIE, EU, USDA/APHIS, USAID, French Corporation, China, UNDP, DFID, WHO, CDC, ECOWAS, ADB
  • Staff of National Veterinary Research Institute
  • Staff of the Federal & States Veterinary Departments