Land use, wildlife, tourism & conservancies
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Land use, wildlife, tourism & conservancies. VISION 2030. THE OVERRIDING MESSAGE THAT THIS REPORT CONVEYS IS :.

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Land use wildlife tourism conservancies



by capitalising on Namibia’s comparative advantages and providing appropriate incentives to use our natural resources in the most efficient ways possible, we will be in a better position to create a safer, healthier and more prosperous future for all Namibians – to 2030 and beyond.

Namibia s vastness as a usp
Namibia’s vastness as a USP

  • 335 000 Km2 of land (41% of total) Communal Land

  • Protected areas cover 114 000 Km2 of land (15 % of total)

  • Namibia 823,679 km²

  • 362 000 Km2 of land (44 % of total) Commercial Land

Rights of conservancies
Rights of Conservancies

A registered conservancy, on behalf of the community it represents,

acquires new rights and responsibilities with regard to the

consumptive and non-consumptive use and management of wildlife and natural resources:

Consumptive uses include: use of game for trophy hunting, consumption, commercial sale for meat or capture for live sale

Non-consumptive uses include: tourism ventures such as community-based tourism enterprises and joint venture agreements with private sector entrepreneurs

Tourism in namibia

1.Backround Context

2. Different Approaches

3. Community Based Tourism

4. Success

5. Barriers

6. Challenges

7. The Future of CBNRM / Conservancies

Overview of tourism in namibia
Overview of Tourism in Namibia

Travel & Tourism economy contributed 16% to Namibia’s GDP in 2006: N$3.7 billion.

Accounts for 18,840 jobs ( Fulltime & Part-time) which is 18% of total employment in Namibia.

Expected growth of the tourism sector will be 6.9% pa

Visitors in 2006 = 833 345

What is cbt




What is CBT?






Info &


Overview of cbt in namibia
Overview of CBT in Namibia

  • Generated an income of N$26 834 772 in 2006 which is 0.725% of total tourism income.

  • Accounted for 5 772 jobs ( Fulltime & Part-time) which is 30,6% of total tourism employment in Namibia.

  • Growth over time: 1996 (N$568 850) to 2006 N$26 834 772)

  • Visitors in 2006 = appr. 110 000

Approaches cbt support
Approaches - CBT Support

NACOBTA founded in 1995 by local communities who wanted to develop tourism enterprises in communal areas.

32 Active Member Enterprises - Campsites, rest-camps, traditional villages, craft centres, information centres, museums and local tour guides

Range of business & advocacy support services provided to enterprises.

Broker Partnership deals between Private sector and communities – Joint Ventures

Integrate sustainable enterprises into mainstream tourism

Successes benefits
Successes & Benefits

54 CBTEs are operating and generated N$ 3,748,481million in 2006

Jobs ’00=498; ’03=3 173; ’04=3 267 ’05=5 526; ’06=5 772

13 Joint Venture Partnerships Generated N$ 10,794,688 million in 2006;

Trophy Hunting generated N$6,113,923 million in 2006

Other CBNRM income N$ 6,177,680 million

Land use wildlife tourism conservancies

Anabeb Conservancy – Khowarib Campsite

Anabeb Conservancy

Registered: 2003

Area: 157,000ha

Population: 2000

Livelihoods: Livestock, mainly goats.

Cash income: <US$300pa

Khowarib Campsite

4 sites on banks of Khowarib Schlucht (Gorge)

Private tented camp developed by Operator

3 Full time staff

Developed with grant support of US$50,000

Projected Income 2008 Approx. US$10,000pa (wages US$3500, conservancy US$5,000)

African Eagle Safaris

Tour Operator – French Market

Developing tour with fixed tent accommodation.

Pays monthly rental, contributes to management costs, per passenger levy, marketing and quality control.

Successes benefits1
Successes & Benefits

CBT Profile has been uplifted – some good products

Private Sector awareness of community tourism has been raised

Best approaches and processes in place

Products have been upgraded to meet market standards

Ongoing capacity building

Joint venture investments
Joint Venture Investments

  • Namibia’s communal areas posses large river systems, diverse wildlife species, beautiful sceneries, best cultures, organised communities

  • JV’s makes the greatest contribution to CBNRM in communal areas

  • 2000- 0.4 million,2002- 7,6 million, 2005 / 2006 -9,8 million,

Land use wildlife tourism conservancies

Torra Conservancy - Damaraland Camp

Wilderness Safaris Namibia

Product = “low impact, high income photographic safaris”

Torra Conservancy,Registered 1998

Area: 352.000ha,Population: 1200

Livelihood: Livestock, mainly goats.

Cash income: < US$300pa

Damaraland Camp

16 Bed up market lodge

25 full time staff (x 2 managers)

Represents 40% of Torra Conservancy income.

Outsourced laundry, firewood & security.

Land use wildlife tourism conservancies

‘In comparison with other tourism establishments on non-communal areas, the growth numbers were as follows in the past three years: 2004- 480 establishments, 2005-790 establishments, 2006-1004 establishments; all these are not on communal areas’

Land use wildlife tourism conservancies

Legal & procedural issues

  • Perceived insecurity of land tenure( private sector / banks has no confidence in security of their investments)

  • Uncoordinated sectoral legislation

    Financial issues

  • Lack of access to capital

  • Lack of expertise

  • Uncertain collateral of leaseholds rights

    Empowerment Issues

  • Lack of financial instruments to promote black empowerment

Turn around

  • Need to address the issue of Historical exclusion (skewing of ownership and control)

  • Address the lack of trust between Private Sector / Government

  • Address the absence of financial instruments designed to advance black empowerment in the tourism industry

  • Tourism should also be subsidised to ‘advocate’ for the establishment of affirmative financial products designed to expand black ownership in the industry

The way forward
The Way Forward

We should create a good secure policy enviroment for investors ( especially for communal conservancies) that will provide security and confidence for private sector and banking institutions to increase the level of investment in this areas;

Land use wildlife tourism conservancies

  • One Ministry alone is not in a position to adress this issues and should coordinate by bringing MET, MLR, MAWF and MTI together.

  • Policies that could play an important role as part of this mechanism;

  • Parks and Wildlife Management Bill

  • Forest act

  • Communal Landboard Act

  • And other relevant acts that would assist in creating a better enviroment for investment climate in Namibia

Land use wildlife tourism conservancies

Cultural attractions and craft

  • Tsandi Homestead

  • King Nehale cultural centre