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WILDLIFE VALUE

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  1. WILDLIFE VALUE Does wildlife have value? If all people agreed that wildlife has no value, there would never be another wildlife issue.

  2. VALUE DEFINED A VALUE IN THE MIND OF A PERSON IS AN ATTITUDE WHICH RESULTS IN THE VALUE OF A THING.

  3. WILDLIFE VALUE Difficult to evaluate a non-market resource by use of indirect means. Why determine value?

  4. WILDLIFE VALUE Recreational Aesthetic Educational Biological Commercial Historical

  5. ATTITUDES How do people feel about (value) fish and wildlife?

  6. ATTITUDE Individual feelings and beliefs which may be positive, negative, or non-emotional.

  7. ATTITUDES Ten categories of feelings and beliefs towards animals. Stephen R. Kellert

  8. NATURALISTIC Strong interest/affection for wildlife.

  9. NATURALISTIC Strong interest/affection for wildlife. Observation and personal involvement.

  10. NATURALISTIC Strong interest/affection for wildlife. Observation and personal involvement. The opportunity to see wildlife provides the challenge for seeking the wilderness experience.

  11. ECOLOGISTIC Focus on wildlife, no personal involvement.

  12. ECOLOGISTIC Focus on wildlife, no personal involvement. Conceptual understanding of species interactions.

  13. ECOLOGISTIC Focus on wildlife, no personal involvement. Conceptual understanding of species interactions. Focus on diversity of species (not individual).

  14. HUMANISTIC Strong attachment for individual animals (pets).

  15. HUMANISTIC Strong attachment for individual animals (pets). Animal is subhuman.

  16. HUMANISTIC Strong attachment for individual animals (pets). Animal is subhuman. Affection and companionship.

  17. MORALISTIC Ethical treatment of animals.

  18. MORALISTIC Ethical treatment of animals. Strong opposition to inflicting pain, harm, or suffering of animals.

  19. MORALISTIC Ethical treatment of animals. Strong opposition to inflicting pain, harm, or suffering of animals. Animals have rights, most basic is to exist.

  20. SCIENTISTIC Biological and physical characteristics.

  21. SCIENTIFIC Biological and physical characteristics. Emotional detachment.

  22. SCIENTIFIC Biological and physical characteristics. Emotional detachment. Reductionist attitude “only look at the parts”.

  23. AESTHETIC Attractiveness or symbolic significance.

  24. AESTHETIC Attractiveness or symbolic significance. Aesthetic merit and beauty.

  25. AESTHETIC Attractiveness or symbolic significance. Aesthetic merit and beauty. Have certain meaning.

  26. UTILITARIAN Practical and material value of animals.

  27. UTILITARIAN Practical and material value of animals. Usefulness to people.

  28. UTILITARIAN Practical and material value of animals. Usefulness to people. Emotions are subordinate to practical concerns.

  29. DOMINIONISTIC Must be in control of animals.

  30. DOMINIONISTIC Must be in control of animals. Competition, skill, strength.

  31. DOMINIONISTIC Must be in control of animals. Competition, skill, strength. Render wilderness submissive or tame.

  32. NEGATIVISTIC Dislike or fear of animals.

  33. NEUTRALISTIC Passive; indifferent.

  34. NEUTRALISTIC Passive; indifferent. Emotional separation from animals.